major

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See also: maior, Major, majór, and majôr

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English major, from Latin maior, comparative of magnus (great, large; noble, important), from Proto-Indo-European *maǵ-yes- (greater), comparative of *maǵ-, *meǵ- (great). Compare West Frisian majoar (major), Dutch majoor (major), French majeur. Doublet of mayor.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: mā'jə(r)
  • IPA(key): /ˈmeɪ.dʒə(ɹ)/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪdʒə(ɹ)

Adjective[edit]

major (comparative more major, superlative most major)

  1. (attributive):
    1. Greater in dignity, rank, importance, significance, or interest.
    2. Greater in number, quantity, or extent.
      the major part of the assembly
      Synonym: main
    3. Notable or conspicuous in effect or scope.
      Synonym: considerable
    4. Prominent or significant in size, amount, or degree.
      to earn some major cash
    5. (medicine) Involving great risk, serious, life-threatening.
      to suffer from a major illness
  2. Of full legal age, having attained majority.
    major children
  3. (education) Of or relating to a subject of academic study chosen as a field of specialization.
  4. (music):
    1. (of a scale) Having intervals of a semitone between the third and fourth, and seventh and eighth degrees.
      major scale
    2. (of an interval) Equivalent to that between the tonic and another note of a major scale, and greater by a semitone than the corresponding minor interval.
      major third
      1. Having a major third above the root.
        major triad
    3. (postpositive) (of a key) Based on a major scale, tending to produce a bright or joyful effect.
    4. (campanology) Bell changes rung on eight bells.
  5. (Britain, dated) Indicating the elder of two brothers, appended to a surname in public schools.
  6. (logic)
    1. (of a term) Occurring as the predicate in the conclusion of a categorical syllogism.
    2. (of a premise) Containing the major term in a categorical syllogism.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun[edit]

major (plural majors)

  1. (military) A rank of officer in the army and the US air force, between captain and lieutenant colonel.
    He used to be a major in the army.
    1. An officer in charge of a section of band instruments, used with a modifier.
      Meronyms: drum major, trumpet major
  2. A person of legal age.
    Antonym: minor
  3. (music):
    1. Ellipsis of major key.
    2. Ellipsis of major interval.
    3. Ellipsis of major scale.
    4. (campanology) A system of change-ringing using eight bells.
  4. A large, commercially successful company, especially a record label that is bigger than an indie.
    • 1997, Dominic Pride, “U.S. success caps global impact of XL's prodigy”, in Billboard[2], volume 109, number 30, page 86:
      At the end of last year, the band re-signed to XL for another three albums, despite being chased by majors that included Island, says manager Mike Champion of Midi Management.
  5. (Canada, US, Australia, New Zealand) The principal subject or course of a student working toward a degree at a college or university.
    Midway through his second year of college, he still hadn't chosen a major.
    Synonym: (UK) course
    1. A student at a college or university specializing on a given area of study.
      She is a math major.
  6. (logic):
    1. Ellipsis of major term.
    2. Ellipsis of major premise.
  7. (bridge) Ellipsis of major suit.
  8. (Canadian football) A touchdown, or major score.
  9. (Australian rules football) A goal.
  10. (British slang, dated) An elder brother (especially at a public school).
  11. (entomology) A large leaf-cutter ant that acts as a soldier, defending the nest.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

major (third-person singular simple present majors, present participle majoring, simple past and past participle majored)

  1. (intransitive) Used in a phrasal verb: major in.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin maior.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

major (masculine and feminine plural majors)

  1. larger (superlative: el major / la majorlargest)
  2. older (superlative: el major / la majoroldest)
  3. main, principal
  4. (music) major

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

major m (plural majors)

  1. (military) major

Noun[edit]

major m or f (plural majors)

  1. of age, adult

Further reading[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

major m

  1. major (military)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • major in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • major in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Estonian[edit]

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Major, from Spanish, from Latin maior.

Noun[edit]

major (genitive majori, partitive majorit)

  1. major (rank)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Latin maior. Doublet of maire and majeur.

  • (France): French military authorities created in 1972 the rank of major (non-commissioned officer), which can easily be confused with the rank of major (officer) used in many countries, creating problems when communicating with allied forces.
  • (Canada): English major. From the British traditional army military rank structure.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

major m (plural majors)

  1. (military, France) major, the upper rank of French non-commissioned officers
  2. (military, Canada) major, the commissioned field officer rank

Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Bavarian [Term?], compare Middle High German meier, Old High German meior, meiū̌r, standard German Meier (administrator or leaseholder of a manor); ultimately from Latin maior (greater; leader). The semantic shift from the person to the place is unclear; either via their identification, or by a clipping of a derivation like majorság, majorház, majorszoba.[1] The German equivalent terms for the place are Meierhof and Meierei (feudal manor).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈmɒjor]
  • Hyphenation: ma‧jor
  • Rhymes: -or

Noun[edit]

major (plural majorok)

  1. farm

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative major majorok
accusative majort majorokat
dative majornak majoroknak
instrumental majorral majorokkal
causal-final majorért majorokért
translative majorrá majorokká
terminative majorig majorokig
essive-formal majorként majorokként
essive-modal
inessive majorban majorokban
superessive majoron majorokon
adessive majornál majoroknál
illative majorba majorokba
sublative majorra majorokra
allative majorhoz majorokhoz
elative majorból majorokból
delative majorról majorokról
ablative majortól majoroktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
majoré majoroké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
majoréi majorokéi
Possessive forms of major
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. majorom majorjaim
2nd person sing. majorod majorjaid
3rd person sing. majorja majorjai
1st person plural majorunk majorjaink
2nd person plural majorotok majorjaitok
3rd person plural majorjuk majorjaik

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Benkő, Loránd, ed. A magyar nyelv történeti-etimológiai szótára I–IV. (“The Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Hungarian Language”). Budapest: Akadémiai, 1967–1984. →ISBN. Vol. 1: A–Gy (1967), vol. 2: H–O (1970), vol. 3: Ö–Zs (1976), vol. 4: index (1984).

Further reading[edit]

  • (farm): major in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • ([archaic] major [military rank]): major , redirecting to its synonym őrnagy in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Interlingua[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

major (not comparable)

  1. (comparative degree of grande) bigger

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

major (neuter majus, positive magnus); third declension

  1. Alternative spelling of maior.

Inflection[edit]

Third-declension comparative adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative major majus majōrēs majōra
Genitive majōris majōrum
Dative majōrī majōribus
Accusative majōrem majus majōrēs majōra
Ablative majōre majōribus
Vocative major majus majōrēs majōra

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

major m pers (abbreviation mjr)

  1. major (military rank)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • major in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin maior. Doublet of maior

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /maˈʒoʁ/, [maˈʒoh]
    • IPA(key): (São Paulo) /maˈʒoɾ/, [maˈʒoɾ]
    • IPA(key): (Rio) /maˈʒoʁ/, [maˈʒoχ]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /mɐˈʒoɾ/, [mɐˈʒoɾ]

Noun[edit]

major m (plural majores)

  1. (military) major (military rank)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French majeur.

Adjective[edit]

major m or n (feminine singular majoră, masculine plural majori, feminine and neuter plural majore)

  1. major

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Major, from Latin māior.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mǎjoːr/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧jor

Noun[edit]

màjōr m (Cyrillic spelling ма̀јо̄р)

  1. (military, Serbo-Croatian, Serbo-Croatian) major (rank)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

major c

  1. a major[1]
  2. a Squadron Leader[1] (in the British Royal Air Force)

Declension[edit]

Declension of major 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative major majoren majorer majorerna
Genitive majors majorens majorers majorernas

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Utrikes namnbok (7th ed., 2007) →ISBN