premise

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old French premisse, from Medieval Latin premissa (set before) (premissa propositio (the proposition set before)), feminine past participle of Latin praemittere (to send or put before), from prae- (before) + mittere (to send).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: prĕ'mĭs, IPA(key): /ˈpɹɛ.mɪs/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

premise (plural premises)

  1. A proposition antecedently supposed or proved; something previously stated or assumed as the basis of further argument; a condition; a supposition.
  2. (logic) Any of the first propositions of a syllogism, from which the conclusion is deduced.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dr. H. More and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      While the premises stand firm, it is impossible to shake the conclusion.
  3. (usually in the plural, law) Matters previously stated or set forth; especially, that part in the beginning of a deed, the office of which is to express the grantor and grantee, and the land or thing granted or conveyed, and all that precedes the habendum; the thing demised or granted.
  4. (usually in the plural) A piece of real estate; a building and its adjuncts. (This meaning arose from meaning #3, by owners of land and/or buildings finding the word in their title deeds and wrongly guessing its meaning.)
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 19, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      Nothing was too small to receive attention, if a supervising eye could suggest improvements likely to conduce to the common welfare. Mr. Gordon Burnage, for instance, personally visited dust-bins and back premises, accompanied by a sort of village bailiff, going his round like a commanding officer doing billets.
    trespass on another’s premises
  5. (authorship) The fundamental concept that drives the plot of a film or other story.

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Verb[edit]

premise (third-person singular simple present premises, present participle premising, simple past and past participle premised)

  1. To state or assume something as a proposition to an argument.
  2. To make a premise.
  3. To set forth beforehand, or as introductory to the main subject; to offer previously, as something to explain or aid in understanding what follows.
  4. To send before the time, or beforehand; hence, to cause to be before something else; to employ previously.

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Italian[edit]

Verb[edit]

premise

  1. third-person singular past historic of premettere

Anagrams[edit]