local

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See also: lo-cal

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(adjective) From Old French local, from Late Latin localis (belonging to a place), from Latin locus (a place).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

local (comparative more local, superlative most local)

  1. From or in a nearby location.
    We prefer local produce.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 22, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      Not unnaturally, “Auntie” took this communication in bad part. [] Next day she [] tried to recover her ward by the hair of the head. Then, thwarted, the wretched creature went to the police for help; she was versed in the law, and had perhaps spared no pains to keep on good terms with the local constabulary.
    • 2012 December 1, “An internet of airborne things”, The Economist, volume 405, number 8813, page 3 (Technology Quarterly): 
      A farmer could place an order for a new tractor part by text message and pay for it by mobile money-transfer. A supplier many miles away would then take the part to the local matternet station for airborne dispatch via drone.
  2. (computing, of a variable or identifier) Having limited scope (either lexical or dynamic); only being accessible within a certain portion of a program.
  3. (mathematics, not comparable, of a condition or state) Applying to each point in a space rather than the space as a whole.
  4. (medicine) Of or pertaining to a restricted part of an organism.
    The patient didn't want to be sedated, so we applied only local anesthesia.
  5. Descended from an indigenous population.
    Hawaiian Pidgin is spoken by the local population.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

local (plural locals)

  1. A person who lives nearby.
    It's easy to tell the locals from the tourists.
  2. A branch of a nationwide organization such as a trade union.
    I'm in the TWU, too. Local 6.
  3. (rail transport) A train that stops at all, or almost all, stations between its origin and destination, including very small ones.
    The expresses skipped my station, so I had to take a local.
  4. (UK) One's nearest or regularly frequented public house or bar.
    I got barred from my local, so I've started going all the way into town for a drink.
  5. (programming) A locally scoped identifier.
    Functional programming languages usually don't allow changing the immediate value of locals once they've been initialized, unless they're explicitly marked as being mutable.
  6. (US, slang, journalism) An item of news relating to the place where the newspaper is published.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

local (epicene, plural locales)

  1. Alternative form of llocal.

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin locālis.

Adjective[edit]

local m, f (masculine and feminine plural locals)

  1. local

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin localis, from Latin locus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

local m (feminine locale, masculine plural locaux, feminine plural locales)

  1. local

Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

local m (plural locaux)

  1. room

Anagrams[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

local m (plural locai, feminine locala, feminine plural locales)

  1. local

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin locālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

local m, f (plural locais; comparable)

  1. local

Noun[edit]

local m (plural locais)

  1. premises, rooms
  2. site
  3. place, location

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin locālis.

Adjective[edit]

local m, f (plural locales)

  1. local

Noun[edit]

local m (plural locales)

  1. premises, rooms