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local +‎ -ism


localism (countable and uncountable, plural localisms)

  1. (countable, linguistics) a linguistic feature that is unique to a locality
    • 1983, UNIX Programmer's Manual: Revised and Expanded Edition[1], volume 2, 7 edition, page vii:
      These documents contain occasional localism, typically references to other operating systems.
  2. (uncountable) Attachment to a particular local place; feelings or policies which emphasize local phenomena
    • 2010, The Economist, Jul-Aug 2010, p. 27:
      Localism may strengthen not just the selfless (eg, people who want to build a village hall) but also the selfish (who want to stop any new building in their backyard).
    • 2020 September 1, Tom Lamont, “The butcher's shop that lasted 300 years (give or take)”, in The Guardian[2]:
      these faux-traditional shops, harking back to an era of localism and pretty clockwork high streets, can help cleave a neighbourhood in two, making very clear the difference in means of those who live nearby.