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 neighborhood on Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]


From an alteration of earlier neighborred (neighborhood), from Middle English neȝeburredde, neheborreden, equivalent to neighbor +‎ -red; the alteration being interpreted as though from neighbor +‎ -hood. For change in suffix (-red to -hood), compare brotherhood.


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈneɪbə.hʊd/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈneɪbɚˌhʊd/
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neighborhood (countable and uncountable, plural neighborhoods) (American spelling)

  1. (chiefly obsolete) The quality of being a neighbor, of living nearby, next to each-other; proximity.
    Our neighborhood was our only reason to exchange hollow greetings.
    • 1595, George Peele, The Old Wives’ Tale, The Malone Society Reprints, 1908, lines 243-245,[1]
      [] if you do any thing for charity, helpe me; if for neighborhood or brotherhood, helpe me []
    • c. 1599, William Shakespeare, Henry V, Act V, Scene 2,[2]
      Take her, fair son, and from her blood raise up
      Issue to me; that the contending kingdoms
      Of France and England, whose very shores look pale
      With envy of each other’s happiness,
      May cease their hatred; and this dear conjunction
      Plant neighbourhood and Christian-like accord
      In their sweet bosoms []
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 1, ll. 399-402:
      Nor content with such / Audacious neighbourhood, the wisest heart / Of Solomon he led by fraud to build / His Temple right against the Temple of God.
    • 1835, Edward Bulwer-Lytton, Rienzi, the Last of the Roman Tribunes:
      Then the prison and the palace were in awful neighbourhood.
  2. Close proximity, nearby area; particularly, close proximity to one's home.
    He lives in my neighborhood.
  3. The inhabitants of a residential area.
    The fire alarmed the neighborhood.
  4. A formal or informal division of a municipality or region.
    We have just moved to a pleasant neighborhood.
  5. An approximate amount.
    He must be making in the neighborhood of $200,000 per year.
  6. The quality of physical proximity.
    The slums and the palace were in awful neighborhood.
  7. (obsolete) The disposition becoming a neighbor; neighborly kindness or good will.
  8. (topology) Within a topological space:
    1. A set containing an open set which contains some specified point.
    2. Alternatively: An open set which contains some specified point.
  9. (topology) Within a metric space:
    1. A set containing an open ball which contains a specified point.
    2. Alternatively: An open ball which contains some specified point.
  10. (topology) The infinitesimal open set of all points that may be reached directly from a given point.
  11. (graph theory) The set of all the vertices adjacent to a given vertex.


Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]