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 neighborhood on Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]


From an alteration of earlier neighborred (neighborhood), from Middle English neȝeburredde, neheborreden, equivalent to neighbor +‎ -red; the term being interpreted as neighbor +‎ -hood. For change in suffix (-red to -hood), compare brotherhood.


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈneɪbə.hʊd/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈneɪbɚˌhʊd/
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neighborhood (countable and uncountable, plural neighborhoods) (American spelling)

  1. The residential area near one's home.
    He lives in my neighborhood.
  2. The inhabitants of a residential area.
    The fire alarmed the neighborhood.
  3. A formal or informal division of a municipality or region.
    We have just moved to a pleasant neighborhood.
  4. An approximate amount.
    He must be making in the neighborhood of $200,000 per year.
  5. The quality of physical proximity.
    The slums and the palace were in awful neighborhood.
  6. (chiefly obsolete) The quality of being a neighbor, of living nearby, next to each-other; proximity.
    Our neighborhood was our only reason to exchange hollow greetings.
    • 1595, George Peele, The Old Wives’ Tale, The Malone Society Reprints, 1908, lines 243-245,[1]
      [] if you do any thing for charity, helpe me; if for neighborhood or brotherhood, helpe me []
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, “The Life of Henry the Fift”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene ii]:
      Take her, fair son, and from her blood raise up
      Issue to me; that the contending kingdoms
      Of France and England, whose very shores look pale
      With envy of each other’s happiness,
      May cease their hatred; and this dear conjunction
      Plant neighbourhood and Christian-like accord
      In their sweet bosoms []
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book I”, in Paradise Lost. [], London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], →OCLC; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, →OCLC:
      Nor content with such / Audacious neighbourhood, the wisest heart / Of Solomon he led by fraud to build / His Temple right against the Temple of God.
    • 1835, Edward Bulwer-Lytton, Rienzi, the Last of the Roman Tribunes:
      Then the prison and the palace were in awful neighbourhood.
  7. (dated) Close proximity; nearness.
    • 1853, Charles Boner, Chamois Hunting in the Mountains of Bavaria, page 286:
      At first he was partly hidden among the latschen, then his hind-quarters, quite black, emerged from the dark green bushes, as he slowly moved on, perfectly unconscious of our neighbourhood.
  8. (obsolete) The disposition becoming a neighbor; neighborly kindness or good will.
  9. (topology) Within a topological space:
    1. A set containing an open set which contains some specified point.
    2. Alternatively: An open set which contains some specified point.
  10. (topology) Within a metric space:
    1. A set containing an open ball which contains a specified point.
    2. Alternatively: An open ball which contains some specified point.
  11. (topology) The infinitesimal open set of all points that may be reached directly from a given point.
  12. (graph theory) The set of all the vertices adjacent to a given vertex.
    1. (cellular automata) The set of all cells near a given cell used to determine that cell's state in the next generation.
      • 1990 July 9, David Hiebeler, “Languages for programming cellular automata”, in comp.theory.cell-automata[2] (Usenet):
        In fact, it looks at the number of states and the neighborhood of the rule (determined by the filename), and decides whether to make it a lookup-table, or a "computed-function" rule.
      • 2005 September 7, IzI, “reversible universal 1D CA?”, in comp.theory.cell-automata[3] (Usenet):
        Universal: Is able to simulate other CA, the neighborhood size may be limited but the number of cell value should be unlimited (big neighborhoods can be transformed into multivalued cells).
      • 2022 February 11, Mateon1, “Game of Life with real 8 neighbors”, in comp.theory.cell-automata[4] (Usenet):
        I've seen this space colloqually referred to as MAP (presumably since it maps a 3x3 neighborhood into a future cell state), or more precisely and if you want to be pedantic, since there are a lot of variants of cellular automata: 2D Range-1 Moore neighborhood 2-state (non-totalistic) cellular automata (regular euclidean grid implied, although some people explore toroidal configurations, nonstandard tilings, or arbitrary graphs).


Derived terms[edit]


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See also[edit]