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See also: vèrtex


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From Latin vertex (top, peak), from vertere (to turn)



vertex (plural vertices or vertexes)

  1. The highest point of something.
  2. (anatomy) The highest surface on the skull.
  3. (geometry) The common point of the two rays of the angle, or its equivalent structure in polyhedra (meeting of edges) and higher order polytopes.
  4. (mathematics) A point on the curve with a local minimum or maximum of curvature.
  5. (graph theory) One of the elements of a graph joined or not by edges to other vertices.
  6. (computer graphics) A point in 3D space, usually given in terms of its Cartesian coordinates.
  7. (optics) The point where the surface of a lens crosses the optical axis.
  8. (nuclear or particle physics) An interaction point.
  9. (astrology) The point where the prime vertical meets the ecliptic in the western hemisphere of a natal chart.


Coordinate terms[edit]

  • (element of a graph): plot

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]



From vortex, from vertō.



vertex m (genitive verticis); third declension

  1. whirlpool, eddy, vortex
  2. crown (of the head)
  3. top, peak, summit
  4. pole (North or South)


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative vertex verticēs
genitive verticis verticum
dative verticī verticibus
accusative verticem verticēs
ablative vertice verticibus
vocative vertex verticēs



Further reading[edit]

  • vertex in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vertex in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “vertex”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • vertex in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the pole: vertex caeli, axis caeli, cardo caeli