vertex

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See also: vèrtex

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Late Middle English, borrowed from Latin vertex (whirl, eddy; top, crown, peak, summit).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vertex (plural vertices or vertexes)

  1. The highest point, top or apex of something.
    Synonyms: acme, apex, peak, top
    1. (anatomy) The highest surface on the skull; the crown of the head.
  2. (geometry) An angular point of a polygon, polyhedron or higher order polytope.
    1. The common point of the two rays that form an angle.
    2. The point at which an axis meets a curve or surface.
  3. (mathematics) A point on the curve with a local minimum or maximum of curvature.
  4. (graph theory) One of the elements of a graph joined or not by edges to other vertices.
    Synonym: node
    Coordinate term: plot
  5. (computer graphics) A point in 3D space, usually given in terms of its Cartesian coordinates.
  6. (optics) The point where the surface of a lens crosses the optical axis.
  7. (particle physics) An interaction point.
  8. (astrology) The point where the prime vertical meets the ecliptic in the western hemisphere of a natal chart.
  9. (typography) A sharp downward point opposite a crotch, as in the letters "V" and "W" but not "Y".
    Coordinate term: apex

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vertex.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vertex m (plural vertex)

  1. (anatomy) vertex

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From vertō (to turn around, turn about).

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vertex m (genitive verticis); third declension

  1. whirl, whirlpool, eddy, vortex
  2. eddy of wind or flame, whirlwind, coil of flame
  3. (literally, anatomy) top, crown of the head
  4. (transferred sense)
    1. (poetic) head
    2. pole of the heavens (north or south)
    3. highest point, top, peak, summit (of a mountain, house, tree, etc.)
      Antonym: fundus
      1. (figuratively, poetic) highest, uttermost, greatest
Quote-alpha.png This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!

Inflection[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vertex verticēs
Genitive verticis verticum
Dative verticī verticibus
Accusative verticem verticēs
Ablative vertice verticibus
Vocative vertex verticēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • vertex in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vertex in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vertex in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • vertex in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the pole: vertex caeli, axis caeli, cardo caeli

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French vertex, from Latin vertex.

Noun[edit]

vertex n (uncountable)

  1. vertex

Declension[edit]