From Middle English wynd, wind, from Old English wind (“wind”), from Proto-West Germanic *wind, from Proto-Germanic *windaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wéh₁n̥tos (“wind”), from earlier *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (“wind”), derived from the present participle of *h₂weh₁- (“to blow”).
- winde (obsolete)
- enPR: wĭnd, IPA(key): /ˈwɪnd/
- (archaic) enPR: wīnd, IPA(key): /ˈwaɪnd/
- Rhymes: -ɪnd
- (countable, uncountable) Real or perceived movement of atmospheric air usually caused by convection or differences in air pressure.
- The wind blew through her hair as she stood on the deck of the ship.
- As they accelerated onto the motorway, the wind tore the plywood off the car's roof-rack.
- The winds in Chicago are fierce.
- There was a sudden gust of wind.
- 2013 June 29, “Unspontaneous combustion”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 29:
- Since the mid-1980s, when Indonesia first began to clear its bountiful forests on an industrial scale in favour of lucrative palm-oil plantations, “haze” has become an almost annual occurrence in South-East Asia. The cheapest way to clear logged woodland is to burn it, producing an acrid cloud of foul white smoke that, carried by the wind, can cover hundreds, or even thousands, of square miles.
- Air artificially put in motion by any force or action.
- the wind of a cannon ball
- the wind of a bellows
- (countable, uncountable) The ability to breathe easily.
- After the second lap he was already out of wind.
- The fall knocked the wind out of him.
- (figurative) News of an event, especially by hearsay or gossip.
- to catch wind of something
- Steve caught wind of Martha's dalliance with his best friend.
- (figurative) A tendency or trend.
- the wind of change
- (philosophy, alchemy) One of the four elements of the ancient Greeks and Romans; air.
- One of the five basic elements in Indian and Japanese models of the Classical elements.
- (uncountable, colloquial) Flatus.
- to pass wind
- Eww. Someone just passed wind.
- Breath modulated by the respiratory and vocal organs, or by an instrument.
- 1700, [John] Dryden, “The Flower and the Leaf: Or, The Lady in the Arbour. A Vision.”, in Fables Ancient and Modern; […], London: […] Jacob Tonson, […], →OCLC:
- Their instruments were various in their kind,
Some for the bow, and some for breathing wind.
- (music) The woodwind section of an orchestra. Occasionally also used to include the brass section.
- A direction from which the wind may blow; a point of the compass; especially, one of the cardinal points.
- the four winds
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter V, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
- When this conversation was repeated in detail within the hearing of the young woman in question, and undoubtedly for his benefit, Mr. Trevor threw shame to the winds and scandalized the Misses Brewster then and there by proclaiming his father to have been a country storekeeper.
- Types of playing-tile in the game of mah-jongg, named after the four winds.
- A disease of sheep, in which the intestines are distended with air, or rather affected with a violent inflammation. It occurs immediately after shearing.
- (figurative) Mere breath or talk; empty effort; idle words.
- 1946, George Orwell, Politics and the English Language:
- Political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind.
- A bird, the dotterel.
- (boxing, slang) The region of the solar plexus, where a blow may paralyze the diaphragm and cause temporary loss of breath or other injury.
- (movement of air): breeze, draft, gale; see also Thesaurus:wind
- (flatus): gas (US); see also Thesaurus:flatus
- Alabama wind chime
- anabatic wind
- a sheet in the wind
- as the wind blows
- baffling wind
- bag of wind
- between wind and water
- blow with the wind
- Bohemian wind
- break wind
- broken wind
- by-the-wind sailor
- calm wind
- candle in the wind
- catch wind of
- close to the wind
- custard wind
- cut wind
- dead wind
- down the wind
- driving wind
- fair wind
- fall wind
- fart in a wind storm
- finger to the wind
- floating wind turbine
- follow the wind
- foul wind
- four sheets in the wind
- four sheets to the wind
- gain the wind
- geostrophic wind
- geostrophic wind level
- get one's wind back
- get the wind up
- get wind
- get wind in one's jaws
- get wind of
- gone with the wind
- go with the wind
- gradient wind
- gravity wind
- have the wind up
- head to wind
- head wind
- hot wind
- how the wind is blowing
- in the eye of the wind
- in the wind
- ionic wind
- ion wind
- it's an ill wind
- it's an ill wind that blows nobody any good
- katabatic wind
- knock the wind out of someone's sails
- land wind
- like the wind
- meridional wind
- night wind
- north wind
- on the wind
- on the wings of the wind
- out of wind
- pass wind
- piss in the wind
- piss into the wind
- prevailing wind
- put the wind up
- raise the wind
- sail close to the wind
- Santa Ana wind
- Santana wind
- scattered to the four winds
- second wind
- see which way the wind is blowing
- shake a cloth in the wind
- slant of wind
- slip one's wind
- solar wind
- south wind
- sow the wind and reap the whirlwind
- spit in the wind
- spit into the wind
- stellar wind
- straw in the wind
- take the wind out of someone's sails
- thaw wind
- the winds
- thick wind
- three sheets in the wind
- three sheets to the wind
- throw caution to the wind
- throw to the wind
- toss caution to the wind
- toss to the wind
- trade wind
- turn with every wind
- twist in the wind
- volcanic wind
- what way the wind is blowing
- which way the wind is blowing
- whistle down the wind
- whistle in the wind
- willow in the wind
- wind at one's back
- wind band
- wind-break, windbreak
- wind burial
- wind chart
- wind-cheater, windcheater
- wind chill
- wind chime
- wind chimes
- wind cone, windcone
- wind dropsy
- wind egg
- wind energy
- wind engine
- wind farm
- wind farmer
- wind force
- wind gap
- wind gauge
- wind generator
- wind gun
- wind harp
- wind horse
- wind instrument
- wind machine
- wind of change
- wind off
- wind park
- wind power
- wind road
- wind rose
- wind scale
- wind shake
- wind shear, windshear
- wind sleeve, windsleeve
- wind sock, windsock
- winds of change
- wind speed
- wind sprint
- wind stream
- wind-swept, windswept
- wind tunnel
- wind turbine
- you don't need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows
- zonal wind
- (transitive) To blow air through a wind instrument or horn to make a sound.
- 1796, Gottfried Augustus Bürger, “The Chase”, in [Walter Scott], transl., The Chase, and William and Helen: Two Ballads, from the German […], Edinburgh: […] Mundell and Son, […], for Manners and Miller, […]; and sold by T[homas] Cadell, Jun. and W[illiam] Davies (successors to Mr. [Thomas] Cadell) […], →OCLC, stanza I, page 1:
- Earl Walter winds his bugle horn; / To horſe, to horſe, halloo, halloo! / His fiery courſer ſnuffs the morn, / And thronging ſerfs their Lord purſue.
- 1913, Edith Constance Holme, Crump Folk Going Home, page 136:
- Something higher must lie at the back of that eager response to pack-music and winded horn — something born of the smell of the good earth
- 1951, C. S. Lewis, Prince Caspian: The Return to Narnia:
- "If your Majesty is ever to use the Horn," said Trufflehunter, "I think the time has now come." Caspian had of course told them of this treasure several days ago.
"Then in the name of Aslan we will wind Queen Susan's Horn," said Caspian.
- (transitive) To cause (someone) to become breathless, as by a blow to the abdomen, or by physical exertion, running, etc.
- The boxer was winded during round two.
- (transitive, Britain) To cause a baby to bring up wind by patting its back after being fed.
- (transitive, Britain) To turn a boat or ship around, so that the wind strikes it on the opposite side.
- (transitive) To expose to the wind; to winnow; to ventilate.
- (transitive) To perceive or follow by scent.
- The hounds winded the game.
- (transitive) To rest (a horse, etc.) in order to allow the breath to be recovered; to breathe.
- (transitive) To turn a windmill so that its sails face into the wind.
- The form “wound” in the past is occasionally found in reference to blowing a horn, but is often considered to be erroneous. The October 1875 issue of The Galaxy disparaged this usage as a “very ridiculous mistake” arising from a misunderstanding of the word's meaning.
- A similar solecism occurs in the use (in this sense) of the pronunciation /waɪnd/, sometimes heard in singing and oral reading of verse, e.g., The huntsman /waɪndz/ his horn.
- ⇒ Tok Pisin: winim
From Middle English wynden, from Old English windan, from Proto-Germanic *windaną. Compare West Frisian wine, Low German winden, Dutch winden, German winden, Danish vinde, Walloon windea. See also the related term wend.
- enPR: wīnd, IPA(key): /waɪnd/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -aɪnd
- Homophones: wined, whined (in accents with the wine-whine merger)
- (transitive) To turn coils of (a cord or something similar) around something.
- to wind thread on a spool or into a ball
- 1906, Stanley J[ohn] Weyman, chapter I, in Chippinge Borough, New York, N.Y.: McClure, Phillips & Co., →OCLC, page 01:
- It was April 22, 1831, and a young man was walking down Whitehall in the direction of Parliament Street. He wore shepherd's plaid trousers and the swallow-tail coat of the day, with a figured muslin cravat wound about his wide-spread collar.
- (transitive) To tighten the spring of a clockwork mechanism such as that of a clock.
- Please wind that old-fashioned alarm clock.
- (transitive) To entwist; to enfold; to encircle.
- c. 1595–1596 (date written), William Shakespeare, “A Midsommer Nights Dreame”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act IV, scene i]:
- Sleep, and I will wind thee in arms.
- (intransitive) To travel in a way that is not straight.
- Vines wind round a pole. The river winds through the plain.
- 1829 May 2, [Walter Scott], Anne of Geierstein; or, The Maiden of the Mist. […], volumes (please specify |volume=I to III), Edinburgh: […] [Ballantyne and Company] for Cadell and Co., […]; London: Simpkin and Marshall, […], →OCLC:
- He therefore turned him to the steep and rocky path which […] winded through the thickets of wild boxwood and other low aromatic shrubs.
- 1751, Thomas Gray, Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
- The lowing herd wind slowly o'er the lea.
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter IV, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
- Judge Short had gone to town, and Farrar was off for a three days' cruise up the lake. I was bitterly regretting I had not gone with him when the distant notes of a coach horn reached my ear, and I descried a four-in-hand winding its way up the inn road from the direction of Mohair.
- (transitive) To have complete control over; to turn and bend at one's pleasure; to vary or alter at will; to regulate; to govern.
- 1648, Robert Herrick, “To his Conscience”, in Hesperides: Or, The Works both Humane & Divine […], London: […] John Williams, and Francis Eglesfield, and are to be sold by Tho[mas] Hunt, […], →OCLC; republished as Henry G. Clarke, editor, Hesperides, or Works both Human and Divine, volumes (please specify |volume=I or II), London: H. G. Clarke and Co., […], 1844, →OCLC:
- Gifts blind the wise, and bribes do please
And wind all other witnesses.
- 12 October 1710, Joseph Addison, The Examiner No. 5
- Were our legislature vested in the person of our prince, he might doubtless wind and turn our constitution at his pleasure.
- (transitive) To introduce by insinuation; to insinuate.
- c. 1608–1609 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Coriolanus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act III, scene iii]:
- You have contrived […] to wind
Yourself into a power tyrannical.
- 1674, Richard Allestree, The Government of the Tongue:
- 'Tis pleasant to see what little arts and dexterities they have to wind in such things into discourse
- (transitive) To cover or surround with something coiled about.
- to wind a rope with twine
- (transitive) To cause to move by exerting a winding force; to haul or hoist, as by a winch.
- (transitive, nautical) To turn (a ship) around, end for end.
- → Esperanto: vindi
wind (plural winds)
- The act of winding or turning; a turn; a bend; a twist.
- “wind”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.
- ^ Rex Wailes (1954) The English Windmill, page 104: “ […] if a windmill is to work as effectively as possible its sails must always face the wind squarely; to effect this some means of turning them into the wind, or winding the mill, must be used.”
- wind (movement of air)
- Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Luserna / Lusérn: Le nostre parole / Ünsarne börtar / Unsere Wörter [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien
From Middle Dutch wint, from Old Dutch wint, from Proto-West Germanic *wind, from Proto-Germanic *windaz, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (“blowing”), present participle of *h₂weh₁- (“to blow”).
- wind (movement of air)
- De wind waait door de bomen. ― The wind blows through the trees.
- flatulence, fart
- Afrikaans: wind
- Berbice Creole Dutch: wende
- Negerhollands: wind, win, wen
- Skepi Creole Dutch: went
- → Aukan: winta
- → Sranan Tongo: winti
See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.
- Alternative form of
- Alternative form of
Germanic cognates include Old Frisian wind, Old Saxon wind, Dutch wind, Old High German wint (German Wind), Old Norse vindr (Swedish vind), Gothic 𐍅𐌹𐌽𐌳𐍃 (winds). The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin ventus (French vent), Welsh gwynt, Tocharian A want, Tocharian B yente.