Probably ultimately of Sinitic origin, Mandarin 大风 (dàfēng, “big wind”), Cantonese 大風 (daai6 fung1, “big wind”), via Arabic طُوفَان (ṭūfān), Hindi तूफ़ान (tūfān), and Persian توفان (tufân). Ancient Greek Τυφῶν (Tuphôn, “Typhon, father of the winds”) is unrelated but has secondarily contaminated the word: given the location of typhoons as a Pacific Ocean phenomenon, it is more likely it began east and moved west.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /taɪˈfuːn/
- (General American) enPR: tīfo͞onʹ, IPA(key): /taɪˈfun/
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- Rhymes: -uːn
typhoon (plural typhoons)
- A weather phenomenon in the Eastern Pacific that is precisely equivalent to a hurricane, which results in wind speeds of 64 knots (118km/h) or above. Equivalent to a cyclone in the Indian Ocean and Indonesia/Australia.
- World War II aircraft, Hawker typhoon.