typhoon

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English[edit]

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A typhoon.

Etymology[edit]

Probably ultimately of Sinitic origin, Mandarin 大风 ‎(dàfēng, big wind), Cantonese 大風 ‎(daai6 fung1, big wind), via Arabic طُوفَان ‎(ṭūfān), Hindi तूफ़ान ‎(tūfān), and Persian توفان ‎(tufân). Ancient Greek Τυφῶν ‎(Tuphôn, Typhon, father of the winds) is unrelated but has secondarily contaminated the word: given the location of typhoons as a Pacific Ocean phenomenon, it is more likely it began east and moved west.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

typhoon ‎(plural typhoons)

  1. A weather phenomenon in the Eastern Pacific that is precisely equivalent to a hurricane, which results in wind speeds of 64 knots (118km/h) or above. Equivalent to a cyclone in the Indian Ocean and Indonesia/Australia.
  2. World War II aircraft, Hawker typhoon.
  3. eurofighter

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