wind; news; style; custom; manner
Debated. Various theories include:
- Compound of 颱 (“violent wind”) and 風 (“wind”). The former is a word attested from the eighteenth century.
- Compound of 台 (“Taiwan”) and 風 (“wind”), as most typhoons affecting the southeastern coast of China appear to have originated from the direction of Taiwan.
- Phono-semantic matching of English typhoon, in turn from southern Chinese (Cantonese or Hakka) 大風 (“windstorm”).
For more on the historical records of typhoons in China, see Louie and Liu (2003).
- Cantonese (Jyutping): toi4 fung1
- Hakka (Sixian, PFS): thòi-fûng
- Min Nan (POJ): thai-hong / thai-hoang
- Wu (Wiktionary): de fon (T3)
- (Standard Chinese)
- (Standard Chinese, erhua-ed)
- Min Nan
- (Hokkien: Xiamen, Zhangzhou, mainstream Taiwanese)
- (Hokkien: Quanzhou)
|Kanji in this term|
- Rare form of 台風.
|Hanja in this term|