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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
台-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 戈口 (IR), four-corner 23600, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 172, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3246
  • Dae Jaweon: page 384, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 575, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+53F0

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰɯː, *l'ɯː, *l'ɯː, *lɯ): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(mouth)

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 4[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (36)
Final: (19)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yí
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/jɨ/ /jɨ/ /ie/ /jɨ/ /iə/ /jĭə/ /i/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yi › /*lə/ I, me

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12298 0 /*lɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Original form of (“happy, pleased”).
  2. I, me
  3. what
  4. A surname​.

Etymology 5[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (6)
Final: (41)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: tāi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰʌi/ /tʰəi/ /tʰɒi/ /tʰəj/ /tʰᴀi/ /tʰɒi/ /tʰɑ̆i/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12260 0 /*l̥ʰɯː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Used in place names.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. pedestal
  2. a stand
  3. counter for machines and vehicles
  4. Taiwan

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 仙台 (せんだい, sendai)
  • 台所 (だいどころ, daidokoro)

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana だい, romaji -dai)

  1. machines, especially vehicles or computers

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana だい, romaji -dai)

  1. tables, beds
  2. level, especially of price
  3. period of time in a person's life

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(tae, i, dae) (hangeul , , , revised tae, i, dae, McCune-Reischauer t'ae, i, dae)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thai, đài, di, đày, thay, thơi, hai, hay, thài)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999