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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
伏-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人戈大 (OIK), four-corner 23234, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 95, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 438
  • Dae Jaweon: page 202, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 119, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4F0F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
伏-bronze.svg 伏-bigseal.svg 伏-seal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (3)
Final () (136) (4)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨuH/ /bɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/biuH/ /biuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/biəuH/ /biuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buwH/ /buwk̚/
Li
Rong
/biuH/ /biuk̚/
Wang
Li
/bĭəuH/ /bĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ə̯uH/ /bʱi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjuwH › ‹ bjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ək-s/ /*[b]ək/
English hatch (v.) lie prostrate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 3331 3333
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯɡs/ /*bɯɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. crouch, crawl, lie hidden, conceal
  2. Short for 伏特 (fútè, “volt”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. prostrated
  2. bend down
  3. bow
  4. cover
  5. lay pipes

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bok, bu) (hangeul , , revised bok, bu, McCune-Reischauer pok, pu, Yale pok, pwu, pwuk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phục)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.