伏羲

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Chinese

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Wikipedia has articles on:
conceal (ambush); prostrate; submit surname; name of an emperor
simp. and trad.
(伏羲)
alternative forms
An Eastern Han tomb tile relief depicting Fuxi and his sister Nüwa as half-snake and bearing the sun and moon respectively

Etymology

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Cf. 羲和 (Xihe), a solar goddess sometimes used as a personification of the sun.

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Initial () (3) (32)
Final () (4) (13)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Baxter bjuwk xje
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨuk̚/ /hˠiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/biuk̚/ /hᵚiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuk̚/ /xiɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buwk̚/ /hjiə̆/
Li
Rong
/biuk̚/ /xje/
Wang
Li
/bĭuk̚/ /xǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯uk̚/ /xie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
fuk6 hei1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjuwk › ‹ xje ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ək/ /*ŋ̊(r)aj/
English lie prostrate (proper name)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
No. 3333 13059
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯɡ/ /*hŋral/

Proper noun

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伏羲

  1. (Chinese mythology) Fuxi (a legendary ancient Chinese ruler and culture hero)
  2. () (Chinese mythology, Chinese history) Fuxi clan (Fuxi understood as a dynastic name in Chinese mythology and prehistory)

Usage notes

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In modern Chinese, 伏羲 (Fúxī) is generally understood as the personal name of a specific legendary or mythological figure. 伏羲氏 (Fúxī shì) was used in ancient Chinese both to refer to a tribal or imperial dynasty and as a title referring to a single one of its chieftains or emperors.

Synonyms

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Japanese

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Kanji in this term
ふく
Grade: S

Hyōgai
kan'on on'yomi
Alternative spelling
伏儀
Kanji in this term
ふく > ふっ
Grade: S

Hyōgai
kan'on
Alternative spelling
伏儀
 伏羲 on Japanese Wikipedia

Etymology

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From Chinese 伏羲 (Fúxī).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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(ふっ)() or (ふく)() (Fukki or Fukugiふくき (fukuki)?

  1. (Chinese mythology) Fuxi
    • 2000 November 2, Ryū Fujisaki, “(だい)190(ひゃくきゅうじゅう)(かい) (れき)()(みち)(しるべ)(じゅう)(ろく)(ふっ)() [Chapter 190: History’s Guidepost Sixteen: Fuxi]”, in (ほう)(しん)(えん)() [Investiture of the Gods], volume 22 (fiction; paperback), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN, page 85:
      ()()(ふっ)()(はじ)まりの(ひと)(ひと)()である!!!
      Waga na wa Fukki‼ Hajimari no hito ga hitori de aru!!!
      My name is Fuxi!! And I am the first human!!!

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Proper noun

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伏羲 (Bokhui) (hangeul 복희)

  1. hanja form? of 복희 (Fuxi)

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Proper noun

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伏羲

  1. chữ Hán form of Phục Hy (Fuxi).