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U+516D, 六
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-516D

[U+516C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+516E]
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
六-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 12 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜金 (YC), four-corner 00800, composition)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms financial
𠫪

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
六-oracle.svg 六-bronze.svg 六-silk.svg 六-bigseal.svg 六-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ruɡ
*ruɡ

Pictogram (象形) – perhaps a shed. Originally using the similar-sounding word (OC *ra, “shed, cabin”) to represent the concept “six” (Liu Xinglong). Alternatively, it may be an ancient counting symbol.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-(k-)ruk.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • liù - usual pronunciation;
  • lù - ancient pronunciation preserved in some proper nouns (六安 and the ancient state in the vicinity, as well as the surname).
Note:
  • la̍k - vernacular;
  • lio̍k - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/liuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/liuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/luwk̚/
Li
Rong
/liuk̚/
Wang
Li
/lĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liù
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.ruk/
English six

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8341
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ruɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. six
  2. (printing) small text; The size of type between 小五 (xiǎowǔ, “little 5”) and 小六 (xiǎoliù, “little 6”), standardized as 7½ point.
  3. A surname​.

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  5 6 7  > 
    Cardinal :

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. six
Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 371
  • Halpern: 1965
  • Halpern Learners: 1244
  • Heisig: 6
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2j2.2
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Etymology 1[edit]

The ablaut form of mi "three", which it doubles.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji mu)

  1. six
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (used in legal documents)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ro.kuꜜ/, [ɽo̞˨.kɯᵝ˦]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ろく, romaji roku)

  1. six
  2. a name of a hole of a wind instrument

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryuk(yuk))
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): () (revised: ryuk (yuk), McCune-Reischauer: ryuk (yuk), Yale: lyuk (lyuk))
  • Name (hangeul): 여섯 (revised: yeoseot, McCune-Reischauer: yŏsŏt, Yale: yeses)
  1. six

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lục, lúc, lúc, lụt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.