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U+516D, 六
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-516D

[U+516C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+516E]
U+F9D1, 六
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9D1

[U+F9D0]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9D2]
Commons:Category
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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
六-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 12, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜金 (YC), four-corner 00800, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 127, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1453
  • Dae Jaweon: page 280, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 241, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+516D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms financial
𠫪
The number six in Chinese number gestures

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
六-bronze-shang.svg 六-oracle.svg 六-bronze.svg ACC-b19906.svg 六-silk.svg 六-slip.svg 六-seal.svg 六-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形) – perhaps a shed. Originally using the similar-sounding word (OC *ra, “shed, cabin”) to represent the concept “six” (Liu Xinglong). Alternatively, it may be an ancient counting symbol.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-(k-)ruk.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • liù - usual pronunciation;
  • lù - ancient pronunciation preserved in some proper nouns (六安 and the ancient state in the vicinity, as well as the surname).
  • Cantonese
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • la̍k - vernacular;
    • lio̍k - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /luwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /liuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    liù
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.ruk/
    English six

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8341
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ruɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. six
        ―  liù chéng  ―  Six Cities (a literal translation of Altishahr, an ancient name for the region Xinjiang/East Turkestan)
    2. (printing) small text; The size of type between 小五 (xiǎowǔ, “little 5”) and 小六 (xiǎoliù, “little 6”), standardized as 7½ point.
    3. (neologism, Internet slang) awesome; excellent; remarkable
    4. A surname​. (pronounced Lù)
    5. name of an ancient state (pronounced Lù), also found in placenames (e.g., 六安, Lù'ān, in Anhui province)

    See also[edit]

    Chinese numbers
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
    Normal
    (小寫小写)
    亿 (Taiwan)
    萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
    Financial
    (大寫大写)

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (ろく) (roku)
    • Korean: / (, yuk/ryuk)
    • Vietnamese: lục ()

    Others:

    Further reading[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Japanese cardinal numbers
     <  5 6 7  > 
        Cardinal :

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. six
    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • New Nelson: 371
    • Halpern: 1965
    • Halpern Learners: 1244
    • Heisig: 6
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2j2.2
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Etymology 1[edit]

    The ablaut form of mi "three", which it doubles.

    Noun[edit]

    () (mu

    1. six
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Chinese .

    Alternative forms[edit]

    • (used in legal documents)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ろく) (roku

    1. six
    2. a name of a hole of a wind instrument

    Coordinate terms[edit]

    Japanese numbers
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
    Regular (れい) (rei)
    (ゼロ) (zero)
    (いち) (ichi) () (ni) (さん) (san) (よん) (yon)
    () (shi)
    () (go) (ろく) (roku) (なな) (nana)
    (しち) (shichi)
    (はち) (hachi) (きゅう) (kyū)
    () (ku)
    (じゅう) ()
    Formal (いち) (ichi) () (ni) (さん) (san) (じゅう) ()
    90 100 300 600 800 1,000 3,000 8,000 10,000 100,000,000
    Regular (きゅう)(じゅう) (kyūjū) (ひゃく) (hyaku)
    (いっ)(ぴゃく) (ippyaku)
    (さん)(びゃく) (sanbyaku) (ろっ)(ぴゃく) (roppyaku) (はっ)(ぴゃく) (happyaku) (せん) (sen)
    (いっ)(せん) (issen)
    (さん)(ぜん) (sanzen) (はっ)(せん) (hassen) (いち)(まん) (ichiman) (いち)(おく) (ichioku)
    Formal (いち)(まん) (ichiman)
    1012 8×1012 1013 1016 6×1016 8×1016 1017 1018
    (いっ)(ちょう) (itchō) (はっ)(ちょう) (hatchō) (じゅっ)(ちょう) (jutchō) (いっ)(けい) (ikkei) (ろっ)(けい) (rokkei) (はっ)(けい) (hakkei) (じゅっ)(けい) (jukkei) (ひゃっ)(けい) (hyakkei)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 여섯 (yeoseot ryuk), South Korea 여섯 (yeoseot yuk))

    1. six

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: lục[1][2][3], lúc ((lực)(trúc)(thiết))[1]
    : Nôm readings: lúc[1][2][3][4], lục[1][2][3], lóc[1], trọc[1], lộc[3], lụt[3]

    1. Hán tự form of lục (six).

    References[edit]