十六夜

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Japanese[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1 Grade: 2
Irregular

⟨isayo1pi1 → */isajʷopʲi//isajopi//isajofi//izajofi//izajowi//izajoi/

From Old Japanese.[1][2] Read as isayopi in the Nara Period, shifting to isayofi and izayofi alternating in free variation with in the Heian Period, and settling on izayoi thereafter.[1]

Derived as the (れん)(よう)(けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb 猶予(いざよ) (izayou, to pause, to hesitate)..[1][2][3][4]

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), literally the "sixteenth night → night after the full moon". This sense arose from the way the moonrise is slightly later just after the full moon, as if the moon is hesitating.[1][5]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

十六夜(いざよい) (izayoiいざよひ (izayofi)?

  1. Short for 十六夜の月 (izayoi no tsuki): the moon just past the full moon, the start of the waning moon
    Synonym: 既望 (kibō no tsuki)
  2. the sixteenth night of the month under the lunar calendar, just after the full moon (common time for viewing the harvest moon in the Japanese 月見 (tsukimi, moon viewing) festival)
  3. (by extension of the "16" sense, poetic) sixteen years old
  4. (by extension of the "16" sense, archaic) a bet of 16 (sen) on a competition or game of chance
  5. a female given name
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
じゅう
Grade: 1
ろく
Grade: 1

Grade: 2
goon

Compound of 十六 (jūroku, sixteen) +‎ (ya, night).[1][2][3][4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(じゅう)(ろく)() (jūroku-yaじふろくや (zifurokuya)?

  1. the sixteenth night of the month under the lunar calendar, just after the full moon
    Synonym: 既望 (kibō)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 十六夜”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  6. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN