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See also: Moon and mõõn


The Moon (waning crescent)
The Moon (full)


From Middle English mone, from Old English mōna (moon), from Proto-Germanic *mēnô (moon), from Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁n̥s (moon, month), from *mē-² (to measure). Cognate with Scots mone, mune (moone), North Frisian muun (moon), West Frisian moanne (moon), Dutch maan (moon), German Mond (moon), Swedish måne (moon), Icelandic máni (moon), Latin mēnsis (month). See also month, a related term within Indo-European.



moon (plural moons)

  1. The largest satellite of Earth.
  2. Any natural satellite of a planet.
  3. (literary) A month, particularly a lunar month.
    • 1737, John Brickell, The natural history of North-Carolina, page 308-309:
      The number their age by Moons or Winters, and say a Woman or a Man is so many Moons old, and so they do with all memorable Actions in life, accounting it to be so many Moons or Winters since such or such a thing happened. Note: in earlier modern English, many nouns were capitalized, similar to present day German.
    • 1822, Thomas Love Peacock, Maid Marian, page 238:
      Many moons had waxed and waned when on the afternoon of a lovely summer day a lusty broad-boned knight was riding through the forest of Sherwood.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  4. A crescent-like outwork in a fortification.


Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.


moon (third-person singular simple present moons, present participle mooning, simple past and past participle mooned)

  1. (transitive, colloquial) To display one's buttocks to, typically as a jest, insult, or protest.
  2. (intransitive, colloquial) (usually followed by over or after) To fuss over something adoringly; to be infatuated with someone.
    Sarah mooned over Sam's photograph for months.
    You've been mooning after her forever, why not just ask her out?
  3. To spend time idly, absent-mindedly.
    • 1898, Joseph Conrad, Youth
      We were only three on board. The poor old skipper mooned in the cabin.
  4. (transitive) To expose to the rays of the Moon.
    • Holland
      If they have it to be exceeding white indeed, they seethe it yet once more, after it hath been thus sunned and mooned.


Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikipedia has a disambiguation page on moon




Contraction of (dialectal form of minä - I) + oon (dialectal form of olen - am)


  • Hyphenation: moon
  • IPA(key): /ˈmoːn/



  1. (dialectal, southern Ostrobothnia) I'm



EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.


moon m (genitive mooin, no plural)

  1. urine


Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
moon voon unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.