maður

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: madur and madûr

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse maðr, from Proto-Germanic *mann-, probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *mánu- (person), *man-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

maður m (genitive singular mans, plural menn)

  1. man, male
  2. husband
  3. human being, people
  4. sailor
  5. member of a group
  6. (chess) chessman (except pawns)

Declension[edit]

m41 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative maður maðurin menn menninir
Accusative mann mannin menn menninar
Dative manni mannum monnum monnunum
Genitive mans mansins manna mannanna

Derived terms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse maðr, from Proto-Germanic *mann-, probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *mánu- (person), *man-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

maður m (genitive singular manns, nominative plural menn)

  1. man, human being syn.
    Það tilheyrir náttúru mannsins að hata þá sem hann hefur sært.
    It belongs to human nature to hate those that he has hurt.
    • Timothy 2:11-12 (English, Icelandic)
      Konan á að læra í kyrrþey, í allri undirgefni. Ekki leyfi ég konu að kenna eða taka sér vald yfir manninum, heldur á hún að vera kyrrlát.
      A woman should learn in quietness and full submission. I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man; she must be silent.
  2. (mainly used with a definite article) husband syn.
    Þetta er Geir, maðurinn minn.
    This is Geir, my husband.
  3. (chess) chessman syn.
    Færðu manninn þinn.
    Move your chessman.

Usage notes[edit]

The noun maður is irregular in that when plural without the definite article it declines in the nominative as menn, but with the definite article suffixed to the word it declines on the other hand as mennir, making it be mennirnir in the definite nominative plural rather than menninir. This mennir is most likely a leftover of an older spelling from Proto-Norse that survived only attached to the definite article.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

maður

  1. one, you
    Maður gerir þetta svona.
    You do it like this./One does it like this.

Usage notes[edit]

The pronoun maður declines as the noun, but cannot take the definite article. It is placed in a clause in the same way as the noun, but the difference is in the stress: as a pronoun, it never takes the main stress in a sentence.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]