From Middle English lunar (“shaped like the crescent moon”), from Latin lūnāris (“of or pertaining to the moon, lunar”) (possibly through Middle French lunaire (modern French lunaire (“lunar”)), from lūna (“the Moon; crescent shape”) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *lewk- (“bright; to shine”)) + -is (suffix forming adjectives).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈl(j)uːnə/
- (General American) enPR: lo͞o'nər, IPA(key): /ˈlunɚ/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -uːnə(ɹ)
- Hyphenation: lun‧ar
lunar (not comparable)
- Of, pertaining to, or resembling the Moon (that is, Luna, the Earth's moon).
- Alternative form: Lunar
- Synonyms: lunarlike, (obsolete) lunary, moonish, moonlike, moonly, moony, selenic
- lunar observations a lunar eclipse
- 1774 September, “A Voyage towards the North Pole, Undertaken by His Majesty’s Command in 1773. By Constantine John Phipps. 4to. Nourse.”, in Sylvanus Urban [pseudonym; Edward Cave], editor, The Gentleman’s Magazine, and Historical Chronicle, volume XLIV, London: Printed […], for D[avid] Henry, and sold by F[rancis] Newbery, […], →OCLC, paragraph 25, page 421, column 2:
- By two lunar obſervations the long[itude] was 9° 57′ 30″ E. agreeing within 37′ by the watch, though the day before the long. by moon and watch differed 2° 35′.
- 1782, Blith Hancock, “Section I. Of the Doctrine of Eclipses.”, in The Doctrine of Eclipses, both Solar and Lunar; Containing Short and Easy Precepts for Computing Solar and Lunar Eclipses. […], Norwich, Norfolk: Printed by J. Crouse, for the author, and sold by M. Booth, […], →OCLC, page 8:
- Lunar eclipſes are not quite ſo complicated in theory, nor near ſo tedious and difficult in calculation, as ſolar ones. The latter are only apparent, the former really ſuch; that is, the Moon is really deprived of its light, and therefore muſt appear obſcured to all the inhabitants of the earth equally, by whom ſhe can be ſeen; whereas the Sun, not being deficient in light, will ever appear reſplendent to thoſe who do not happen to live on that part of the earth where the lunar ſhadows pass.
- 1783, “the Man of the People” [pseudonym; William Thomson], “I Leave the Service of the Apothecary, and Enter into that of the Lunar Sovereign”, in The Man in the Moon; or, Travels into the Lunar Regions, volume I, London: Printed for J[ohn] Murray, […], →OCLC, page 104:
- You know nothing about fixing the lunar rays into a ſolid ſubſtance, but you muſt not therefore ſay that this is impoſſible. It can be done, and I can do it. Theſe rays, reduced to a ſubtle powder, and blown on the ſurface of the infant brain, ſtimulate it in future life, by their quality of pricking.
- 1927, Robert Briffault, “The Magical Origin of Queens”, in The Mothers: A Study of the Origins of Sentiments and Institutions, volume III, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company, →OCLC, page 1:
- The transformation of primitive lunar deities into solar or heavenly gods are often associated with the transfer of magical and priestly functions to the men and the development of male priesthoods. [...] Or again, in Peru, the official cult of the lunar deity at Cuzco was served by colleges of priestesses, while the service of the Sun-god was performed by male priests.
- 1960 January, G. Freeman Allen, “"Condor"—British Railways' fastest freight train”, in Trains Illustrated, page 48:
- Ahead the flanks of the Pennines gleamed faintly in the moonlight, looking as though they themselves were part of some dry and deserted lunar landscape.
- 1991, David Vaniman; John Dietrich; G. Jeffrey Taylor; Grant Heiken, “Exploration, Samples, and Recent Concepts of the Moon”, in Grant Heiken, David Vaniman, and Bevan M. French, editor, Lunar Sourcebook: A User’s Guide to the Moon, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, section 2.1 (Lunar Exploration), page 5:
- Beyond Earth, the Moon is the only body in space that has been systematically sampled. [...] These samples were collected by the six U.S. Apollo and three U.S.S.R. Luna missions from known locations on the lunar surface. [...] Each Apollo landing increased in exploration complexity and returned even greater amounts of lunar samples.
- Shaped like a crescent moon; lunate.
- 1693, John Dryden, “The Fable of Iphis and Ianthe. From the Ninth Book of Ovid’s Metamorphoses.”, in The Miscellaneous Works of John Dryden, […], volume III, London: […] J[acob] and R[ichard] Tonson, […], published 1760, →OCLC, page 407:
- Her tears purſu'd her words, and while ſhe ſpoke / The Goddeſs nodded, and her altar ſhook: / The temple doors, as with a blaſt of wind, / Were heard to clap; the lunar horns that bind / The brows of Iſis caſt a blaze around; / The trembling timbrel made a murm'ring ſound.
- 1774 August, “38. [Jacob] Bryant’s Ancient Mythology, [Vol. II, [...].]”, in Sylvanus Urban [pseudonym; Edward Cave], editor, The Gentleman’s Magazine, and Historical Chronicle, volume XLIV, London: Printed […], for D[avid] Henry, and sold by F[rancis] Newbery, […], →OCLC, page 367, column 2:
- The images therefore which Laban worſhipped were probably lunar amulets, or types of the ark in the form of a creſcent.
- Extremely high.
- 1901, Chris Shepherdson, Another New York Murder:
- Julian wolfed down the rest of his dinner and when he accompanied Michelle back to her apartment his spirits were positively lunar.
- 1956, Research Studies of the State College of Washington, page 270:
- Although Little Chandler hungers to “express the melancholy of his soul in verse,” to ascend out of the depths of his solitary confinement to the lunar heights of the poet, he can do no more than expand into a garrulous bully or shrink into an infant, always remaining his own inadequate self, like an inflatable ball that changes in size but never in substance.
- 2010, Mick Herron, Slow Horses, page 63:
- House prices were in freefall, if you owned one. They remained laughably lunar to the rent-bound.
- (chiefly historical) (Believed to be) influenced by the Moon, as in character, growth, or properties.
- 1631, Francis [Bacon], “V. Century. [Experiments in Consort Touching the Sympathy and Antipathy of Plants.]”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. […], 3rd edition, London: […] William Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee […], paragraph 493, page 122, →OCLC:
- Some of the Ancients, and likewiſe diuers of the Moderne VVriters, that haue laboured in Naturall Magick, have noted a Sympathy, between the Sunne, Moone, and ſome Principall Starres; And certaine Herbes, and Plants. And they haue denominated ſome Herbes Solar, and ſome Lunar; [...]
- (alchemy, chemistry, historical) Of or pertaining to silver (which was symbolically associated with the Moon by alchemists).
- 1805 April, “Art. V. Asiatic Researches, Vols. VI. and VII. [...]”, in The Monthly Review; or, Literary Journal, Enlarged, volume XLVI, London: Printed by Strahan and Preston, […]; and sold by T[homas] Becket, […], published 1794, →OCLC, page 379:
- On the Poison of Serpents. By W. Boag, Esq. [...] Supposing the fatal effect [of a snakebite] to be produced by the sudden subtraction of oxygen from the blood, this gentleman recommends, by way of antidote, the employment of those substances which contain oxygen in its greatest abundance, and part with it with the greatest facility; and, as lunar caustic [silver nitrate] possesses these properties in a singular degree, he concludes that no medicine is better calculated to resist the effects of the poison of serpents.
- (astronomy) Of or pertaining to travel through space between the Earth and the Moon, or exploration and scientific investigation of the Moon.
- 1963, L. L. Waite, “How We will Get to the Moon: Excerpt from a Speech by L. L. Waite, Senior Vice President, North American Aviation, Inc., before the Electronic Analysts of Boston”, in Skyline, volume 21, number 2, Pittsburgh, Pa.: North American Aviation, →ISSN, →OCLC, page 20:
- Several initial experimental firings of the various stages of Saturn V into earth orbit will precede the planned lunar flight. The astronauts will practice rendezvous techniques in the earth's orbit. [...] Before they reach the moon the astronauts will have another difficult maneuver to perform—turning their command module around so that its nose is attached to the top of the lunar excursion module. Two of the crew members will transfer from the command module to the lunar excursion module.
- cislunar, cis-lunar
- lunar calendar
- lunar cataclysm
- lunar caustic
- lunar cycle
- lunar distance
- lunar eclipse
- lunar hay fever
- lunar letter
- lunar lifeboat
- lunar mansion
- lunar module
- lunar month
- Lunar New Year
- lunar node
- lunar observation
- lunar occultation
- lunar orbit
- lunar phase
- lunar theory
- lunar year
- solilunar, sol-lunar, solunar
- trans-lunar injection
- translunar, trans-lunar
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
lunar (plural lunars)
- (anatomy) The middle bone of the proximal series of the carpus in the wrist, which is shaped like a half-moon.
- Synonyms: intermedium, lunar bone, semilunar
- [1838, Samuel Cooper, “DISLOCATION”, in A Dictionary of Practical Surgery: Comprehending All the Most Interesting Improvements, from the Earliest Times down to the Present Period; […], 7th edition, London: Printed for Longman, Orme, & Co.; […], →OCLC, page 451, column 1:
- The carpal bones are usually described as being capable of being luxated from the lower end of the radius forwards or backwards, inwards or outwards. The case backwards, which has been stated to be the most frequent, is facilitated by the direction of the convex articular surfaces of the scaphoid, lunar, and cuneiform bones, which slope more backwards than forwards.]
- 1888, John C[harles] L[ewis] Sparkes, “The Bones”, in A Manual of Artistic Anatomy for the Use of Students in Art. Being a Description of the Bones and Muscles that Influence the External Form of Man, London: Baillière, Tindall, and Cox, […], →OCLC, page 16, column 1:
- There are two larger bones of the wrist called the scaphoid and lunar; these form a large ball, and this is received into the lower end of the radius.
- 1946, Evelyn Feiring, Rainbow of Being, Pasadena, Calif.: Holly, →OCLC, page 155:
- The scaphoid and lunar (wrist bones) are separate, whereas in Carnivores they are united perhaps to give greater strength to the wrist.
- (nautical, navigation) An observation of a lunar distance (“the angle between the Moon and another celestial body”), especially for establishing the longitude of a ship at sea.
- 1859 October, Henry Toynbee, “A Few More Words on Lunars”, in The Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle: A Journal of Papers on Subjects Connected with Maritime Affairs, volume XXVIII, number 10, London: Simpkin, Marshall and Co. […]; and J. D. Potter, […], →OCLC, page 511:
- [Y]oung beginners cannot be too often cautioned that a single lunar is of little or no value until the observer knows the usual difference between his lunars taken on opposite sides of the moon; and these should be taken with the same instrument, using the same screens and telescope, for he must remember that they may be expected to differ. My star lunars differ from three to four minutes, or say fifty miles of longitude; my sun lunars from one to two minutes, or say twenty minutes of longitude.
- 2007, John Karl, “Lunar Distance Sights”, in Celestial Navigation in the GPS Age, Arcata, Calif.: Paradise Cay Publications; Wichita, Kan.: Celestaire, →ISBN, pages 96–97:
- With cheap quartz watches (several, for reliability) we can do all the modern celestial navigation we could want. But learning and practicing lunars gives us deeper insight into celestial navigation; an appreciation for their historical importance and difficulty; and perhaps most significant of all, after conquering lunars we can appreciate the great convenience of St. Hilaire sights and modern quartz watches. Moreover, in the rare event of losing UT, with lunars and only a poor watch we can still be confident of finding our longitude at sea (well, OK, to within 30′).
- (anatomy): scapholunar
- ^ “lūnār, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 14 July 2019.
- ^ “lunar, adj. and n.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1903; “lunar, adj.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
- Moon on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- lunar (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
lunar (masculine and feminine plural lunars)
- “lunar” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
- “lunar”, in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana, 2023
- “lunar” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
- “lunar” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.
Borrowed from Latin lūnāris. Compare the inherited luar.
lunar m or f (plural lunares)
lunar m (plural lunares)
- “lunar” in Dicionario da Real Academia Galega, Royal Galician Academy.
lunar (strong nominative masculine singular lunarer, not comparable)
|number & gender||singular||plural|
|predicative||er ist lunar||sie ist lunar||es ist lunar||sie sind lunar|
(with definite article)
|nominative||der lunare||die lunare||das lunare||die lunaren|
|genitive||des lunaren||der lunaren||des lunaren||der lunaren|
|dative||dem lunaren||der lunaren||dem lunaren||den lunaren|
|accusative||den lunaren||die lunare||das lunare||die lunaren|
(with indefinite article)
|nominative||ein lunarer||eine lunare||ein lunares||(keine) lunaren|
|genitive||eines lunaren||einer lunaren||eines lunaren||(keiner) lunaren|
|dative||einem lunaren||einer lunaren||einem lunaren||(keinen) lunaren|
|accusative||einen lunaren||eine lunare||ein lunares||(keine) lunaren|
- Hyphenation: lu‧nar
Learned borrowing from Latin lūnāris. Doublet of luar.
lunar m or f (plural lunares)
Borrowed from Spanish lunar, from Latin lūnāris.
lunar m (plural lunares)
- “lunar” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.
From French lunaire, from Latin lunaris.
lunar m or n (feminine singular lunară, masculine plural lunari, feminine and neuter plural lunare)
lunar (plural lunares)
lunar m (plural lunares)
- mole, birthmark, beauty mark
- polka dot
- un maillot de lunares
- a polka dot jersey (road bicycle racing)
- “lunar”, in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014
- English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *lewk-
- English terms inherited from Middle English
- English terms derived from Middle English
- English terms derived from Latin
- English terms derived from Middle French
- English 2-syllable words
- English terms with IPA pronunciation
- English terms with audio links
- Rhymes:English/uːnə(ɹ)/2 syllables
- English lemmas
- English adjectives
- English uncomparable adjectives
- English terms with usage examples
- English terms with quotations
- English terms with historical senses
- English nouns
- English countable nouns
- English collateral adjectives
- English relational adjectives
- English terms suffixed with -ar
- Catalan terms derived from Latin
- Catalan 2-syllable words
- Catalan terms with IPA pronunciation
- Catalan lemmas
- Catalan adjectives
- Catalan epicene adjectives
- Chavacano terms derived from Spanish
- Chavacano lemmas
- Chavacano nouns
- Galician terms borrowed from Latin
- Galician terms derived from Latin
- Galician lemmas
- Galician adjectives
- Galician nouns
- Galician masculine nouns
- German 2-syllable words
- German terms with IPA pronunciation
- German terms with audio links
- German lemmas
- German adjectives
- German uncomparable adjectives
- Portuguese 2-syllable words
- Portuguese terms with IPA pronunciation
- Portuguese terms borrowed from Latin
- Portuguese learned borrowings from Latin
- Portuguese terms derived from Latin
- Portuguese doublets
- Portuguese lemmas
- Portuguese adjectives
- Portuguese terms borrowed from Spanish
- Portuguese terms derived from Spanish
- Portuguese nouns
- Portuguese countable nouns
- Portuguese masculine nouns
- Romanian terms borrowed from French
- Romanian terms derived from French
- Romanian terms derived from Latin
- Romanian terms with IPA pronunciation
- Rhymes:Romanian/ar/2 syllables
- Romanian lemmas
- Romanian adjectives
- Spanish terms derived from Latin
- Spanish 2-syllable words
- Spanish terms with IPA pronunciation
- Rhymes:Spanish/aɾ/2 syllables
- Spanish lemmas
- Spanish adjectives
- Spanish nouns
- Spanish countable nouns
- Spanish masculine nouns
- Spanish terms with usage examples