mole

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English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

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From Middle English mole, mool, from Old English māl (a mole, spot, mark, blemish), from Proto-West Germanic *mail, from Proto-Germanic *mailą (spot, wrinkle), from Proto-Indo-European *mel-, *melw- (dark, dirty), from Proto-Indo-European *mey-, *my- (to soil, sully).

Cognate with Scots mail (spot, stain), Saterland Frisian Moal (scar), German dialectal Meil (spot, stain, blemish), Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐌹𐌻 (mail, spot, blemish).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mole (plural moles)

  1. A pigmented spot on the skin, a naevus, slightly raised, and sometimes hairy.
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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English Wikipedia has an article on:
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From Middle English molle (mole), molde, mole, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *mulaz, *mulhaz (mole, salamander), from Proto-Indo-European *molg-, *molk- (slug, salamander), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)melw- (to grind, crush, beat).

Cognate with North Frisian mull (mole), Saterland Frisian molle (mole), Dutch mol (mole), Low German Mol, Mul (mole), German Molch (salamander, newt), Old Russian смолжь (smolžʹ, snail), Czech mlž (clam).

Derivation as an abbreviation of Middle English molewarpe, a variation of moldewarpe, moldwerp (mole) in Middle English is unexplained and probably unlikely due to the simultaneous occurrence of both words. See mouldwarp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mole (plural moles)

a mole (animal)
a mole (excavator)
  1. Any of several small, burrowing insectivores of the family Talpidae; also any of southern African mammals in the family Chrysochloridae (golden moles) and any of several Australian mammals in the family Notoryctidae (marsupial moles), similar to but unrelated to Talpidae moles
  2. Any of the burrowing rodents also called mole-rats.
  3. (espionage) An internal spy, a person who involves himself or herself with an enemy organisation, especially an intelligence or governmental organisation, to determine and betray its secrets from within.
  4. A kind of self-propelled excavator used to form underground drains, or to clear underground pipelines
  5. A type of underground drain used in farm fields, in which a mole plow creates an unlined channel through clay subsoil.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From moll (from Moll, an archaic nickname for Mary), influenced by the spelling of the word mole (an internal spy), and due to /mɒl/ and /məʊl/ merging as [moʊl] in the Australian accent.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mole (plural moles)

  1. (slang, derogatory) A moll, a bitch, a slut.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

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From French môle or Latin mōles (mass, heap, rock).

the remains of a mole at Dunkirk

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mole (plural moles)

  1. (nautical) A massive structure, usually of stone, used as a pier, breakwater or junction between places separated by water.[1]
    • 1847, George A. Fisk, A pastor's memorial of the holy land:
      [Alexander the Great] then conceived the stupendous idea of constructing a mole, which should at once connect [Tyre] with the main land; and this was actually accomplished by driving piles and pouring in incalculable quantities of soil and fragments of rock; and it is generally believed, partly on the authority of ancient authors, that the whole ruins of Old Tyre were absorbed in this vast enterprize, and buried in the depths of the sea [...]
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby Dick, Chapter 1:
      Its extreme downtown is the battery, where that noble mole is washed by waves, and cooled by breezes, which a few hours previous were out of sight of land.
    • 1983, Archibald Lyall, Arthur Norman Brangham, The companion guide to the south of France
      [about Saint-Tropez] Yachts and fishing boats fill the little square of water, which is surrounded on two sides by quays, on the third by a small ship-repairing yard and on the fourth by the mole where the fishing boats moor and the nets are spread out to dry.
  2. (rare) A haven or harbour, protected with such a breakwater.
  3. (historical) An Ancient Roman mausoleum.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Calqued from German Mol; spelled as if it had come directly from molecule or Latin moles (the ultimate source of Mol and molecule in any event).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mole (plural moles)

  1. (chemistry, physics) In the International System of Units, the base unit of amount of substance; the amount of substance of a system which contains exactly 6.02214076×1023 elementary entities (atoms, ions, molecules, etc.). Symbol: mol. The number of atoms is known as Avogadro’s number. [from 1897]
Hyponyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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From French môle f, from Latin mola (millstone), because it is a hardened mass.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mole (plural moles)

  1. A hemorrhagic mass of tissue in the uterus caused by a dead ovum.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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From Spanish mole, from Classical Nahuatl mōlli (sauce; stew; something ground).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mole (countable and uncountable, plural moles)

chicken in a red mole sauce, with rice on the side
  1. One of several spicy sauces typical of the cuisine of Mexico and neighboring Central America, especially a sauce which contains chocolate and which is used in cooking main dishes, not desserts.[2]
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ mole (accessed: March 30, 2007)
  2. ^ mole (accessed: March 30, 2007)

Anagrams[edit]


Central Franconian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German mālōn, mālēn, denominative of māl (spot, stain), from Proto-West Germanic *mālijan, from Proto-Germanic *mēlijaną, from Proto-Indo-European *melh₂- (dark color).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

mole (third-person singular present molt, past participle jemolt)

  1. (most dialects) to paint, draw, depict

See also[edit]


Chavacano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish moler (to grind).

Verb[edit]

molé

  1. to mill; to grind

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

From French môle.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /moːlə/, [ˈmoːlə]

Noun[edit]

mole c (singular definite molen, plural indefinite moler)

  1. mole, breakwater
  2. pier, jetty

Inflection[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

mole

  1. softly

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Mol.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mole f (plural moles)

  1. (chemistry, physics) mole

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɔ.le/
  • Rhymes: -ɔle
  • Hyphenation: mò‧le

Etymology 1[edit]

From German Mol.

Noun[edit]

mole f (plural moli)

  1. (chemistry, physics) mole
    Synonym: grammo-molecola
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

mole

  1. plural of mola

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

mole

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of molō

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

mōle f

  1. ablative singular of mōlēs

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Noun[edit]

mole

  1. Superseded spelling of móle.

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

mole

  1. Alternative form of molle (mole)

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mole m anim

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of mól

Noun[edit]

mole m inan

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of mol

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (South Brazil) /ˈmɔ.le/
  • Hyphenation: mo‧le

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese mole, from Latin mollis, mollem, earlier *molduis, from Proto-Indo-European *ml̥dus (soft, weak).

Adjective[edit]

mole m or f (plural moles)

  1. Not hard; smooth or flexible; soft
  2. (informal) Not difficult; easy
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin mōles.

Noun[edit]

mole f (plural moles)

  1. mass

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

mole f (plural moles)

  1. Portugal form of mol (unit of amount)

Further reading[edit]

  • mole” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Verb[edit]

mole (Cyrillic spelling моле)

  1. third-person plural present of moliti

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Semi-learned borrowing from Latin mollis; cognate with muelle.

Adjective[edit]

mole (plural moles)

  1. soft, mild
    Synonym: muelle

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin mōlēs.

Noun[edit]

mole f (plural moles)

  1. hunk, chunk, slab (thing of large size or quantity)
    • 2021 January 2, Claudi Pérez, “Salvador Illa: el triunfo de la sobriedad”, in El País[1]:
      En la sede del Ministerio de Sanidad, una mole racionalista con forma de cubo, María Luisa Carcedo procede al traspaso de carteras.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. massiveness

Etymology 3[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

From Classical Nahuatl mōlli (sauce, something ground).

Noun[edit]

mole m (plural moles)

  1. (Mexico) mole, a type of stew

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

mole

  1. inflection of molar:
    1. first-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular present subjunctive
    3. third-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]


Zayse-Zergulla[edit]

Noun[edit]

mole

  1. fish

References[edit]

  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 397, →ISBN: “Zayse mo'le”
  • Linda Jordan, A study of Shara and related Ometo speech varieties (Zergulla mòlɛ́)