ben

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Contents

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English ben, bene, from Old English bēn ‎(prayer, request, favor, compulsory service), from Proto-Germanic *bōniz ‎(supplication), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂- ‎(to say). Related to ban. More at boon.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ben ‎(plural bens)

  1. (obsolete) A prayer; a petition.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English ben, bene, variation of bin, binne ‎(within), from Old English binnan ‎(within, in, inside of, into), equivalent to be- +‎ in.

Preposition[edit]

ben

  1. (Scotland, Northern England) In, into.
    • 2008, James Kelman, Kieron Smith, Boy, Penguin 2009, page 32:
      And he was waving to me to creep in, so I just did and then just to skip ben the front and then in the lobby.

Adjective[edit]

ben ‎(comparative benner, superlative benmost)

  1. Inner, interior.
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ben ‎(plural bens)

  1. (Scotland, Northern England) Ben-room: The inner room of a two-room hut or shack (as opposed to the but).
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably representing a North African pronunciation of Arabic بَان ‎(bān, ben tree)

Noun[edit]

ben ‎(plural bens)

  1. A tree, Moringa oleifera or horseradish tree of Arabia and India, which produces oil of ben.
  2. The winged seed of the ben tree.
  3. The oil of the ben seed.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Arabic بن and Hebrew בן ‎(ben, son).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ben ‎(uncountable)

  1. (usually capitalised) Son of (used with Hebrew and Arabic surnames).
Translations[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Borrowing from Scots [Term?], from Scottish Gaelic beinn

Noun[edit]

ben ‎(plural bens)

  1. A Scottish or Irish mountain or high peak.

Anagrams[edit]


Amele[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ben

  1. big

Noun[edit]

ben

  1. a big thing

References[edit]

  • Pavol Štekauer, Salvador Valera, Lívia Kőrtvélyessy, Word-Formation in the World's Languages: A Typological Survey (2012)

Catalan[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ben

  1. Alternative form of

Usage notes[edit]

The form ben is used when it precedes the adjective, adverb or verb form that it modifies, and is used in all other cases.


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse bein ‎(bone, leg), from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /beːn/, [b̥eːˀn]

Noun[edit]

ben n (singular definite benet, plural indefinite ben)

  1. leg
  2. bone

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ben

  1. first-person singular present indicative of zijn
  2. (dialectal) imperative of zijn

Usage notes[edit]

Ben, as an imperative, is considered non-standard, the standard form being wees.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ben, from Proto-Germanic *banjō.

Noun[edit]

ben n (genitive singular bens, plural ben)

  1. wound

Declension[edit]

n3 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ben benið ben benini
Accusative ben benið ben benini
Dative beni beninum benum benunum
Genitive bens bensins bena benanna
n22 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ben benið ben benini
Accusative ben benið ben benini
Dative beni beninum ben(j)um ben(j)unum
Genitive bens bensins benja benjanna

Noun[edit]

ben f (genitive singular benjar, plural benjar)

  1. wound

Declension[edit]

f8 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ben benin benjar benjarnar
Accusative ben benina benjar benjarnar
Dative ben benini benjum benjunum
Genitive benjar benjarinnar benja benjanna


Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Alternative form of bien

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ben

  1. well; uh

External links[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin bene.

Adverb[edit]

ben

  1. well
  2. properly, nicely

Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ben

  1. good

Related terms[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin bene.

Noun[edit]

ben m ‎(plural bens)

  1. benefit; welfare
  2. (in the plural) goods
  3. good (the forces that are the enemy of evil)

Antonyms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ben

  1. well
  2. very; a lot

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ben ‎(comparative melio, superlative le melio)

  1. well

Istriot[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin bene.

Adverb[edit]

ben

  1. well

Italian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ben

  1. apocopic form of bene
    ben fatto‎ ― well done

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ben

  1. rōmaji reading of べん

Kurdish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ben ?

  1. string, rope

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin bene.

Adverb[edit]

ben ‎(comparative miec)

  1. well
  2. properly

Noun[edit]

ben m ‎(plural bens)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) goods, property

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

ben

  1. rafsi of besna.

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ben

  1. Nonstandard spelling of bēn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of běn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of bèn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ben, from Proto-Celtic *benā, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷḗn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ben f ‎(genitive singular mreih, plural mraane)

  1. woman

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ben ven men
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 ben” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Middle English[edit]

Verb[edit]

bēn

  1. to be
    • 1407, The Testimony of William Thorpe, pages 40–41
      And I seide, “Ser, in his tyme maister Ioon Wiclef was holden of ful many men the grettis clerk that thei knewen lyuynge vpon erthe. And therwith he was named, as I gesse worthili, a passing reuli man and an innocent in al his lyuynge. And herfore grete men of kunnynge and other also drowen myche to him, and comownede ofte with him. And thei sauouriden so his loore that thei wroten it bisili and enforsiden hem to rulen hem theraftir… Maister Ion Aston taughte and wroot acordingli and ful bisili, where and whanne and to whom he myghte, and he vsid it himsilf, I gesse, right perfyghtli vnto his lyues eende. Also Filip of Repintoun whilis he was a chanoun of Leycetre, Nycol Herforde, dane Geffrey of Pikeringe, monke of Biland and a maistir dyuynyte, and Ioon Purueye, and manye other whiche weren holden rightwise men and prudent, taughten and wroten bisili this forseide lore of Wiclef, and conformeden hem therto. And with alle these men I was ofte homli and I comownede with hem long tyme and fele, and so bifore alle othir men I chees wilfulli to be enformed bi hem and of hem, and speciali of Wiclef himsilf, as of the moost vertuous and goodlich wise man that I herde of owhere either knew. And herfore of Wicleef speciali and of these men I toke the lore whiche I haue taughte and purpose to lyue aftir, if God wole, to my lyues ende.”

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse bein, from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

Noun[edit]

ben n ‎(definite singular benet, indefinite plural ben, definite plural bena or benene)

  1. a leg
  2. a bone

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *bōniz. Cognate with Old Norse bón.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bēn f ‎(nominative plural bēne or bēna)

  1. prayer, praying
  2. request, entreaty
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle English: bene
  • English: bee

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *banjō. Cognate with Old Norse ben.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ben f

  1. Alternative form of benn

Old French[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ben

  1. (Anglo-Norman) Alternative form of bien

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *benā, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷḗn.

Noun[edit]

ben f ‎(genitive mná, nominative plural mná)

  1. woman
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Ultimately from Hebrew בֵּן ‎(ben).

Noun[edit]

ben

  1. son
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Inflected form of benaid.

Verb[edit]

·ben

  1. third-person singular present indicative conjunct of benaid

ben

  1. second-person singular imperative of benaid

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ben ben
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mben
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 ben” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • benaid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Provençal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin bene.

Adjective[edit]

ben

  1. well

References[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *bainą. Cognate with Old Frisian bēn (West Frisian bien), Old English bān (English bone), Dutch been ‎(bone, leg), Old High German bein (German Bein ‎(leg)), Old Norse bein (Icelandic bein ‎(bone)).

Noun[edit]

bēn n

  1. bone

Descendants[edit]


Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse bein, from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

Noun[edit]

bēn n

  1. bone
  2. leg

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Scots[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English binnan.

Noun[edit]

ben ‎(plural bens)

  1. The inner room of a two-room hut or shack (as opposed to the but).

Adjective[edit]

ben ‎(comparative benner, superlative benmaist)

  1. Inner, interior.

Preposition[edit]

ben

  1. Through, in, into (a dwelling).
    I went ben the room.

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Scottish Gaelic beinn.

Noun[edit]

ben ‎(plural bens)

  1. mountain, hill

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Ottoman Turkish بڭ ‎(beñ).

Noun[edit]

ben m ‎(Cyrillic spelling бен)

  1. (regional) birthmark
  2. (regional) mole
  3. (regional) naevus

Synonyms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish bēn, from Old Norse bein, from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ben n

  1. (anatomy) Leg; a body part.
  2. Leg; part of trousers which covers the legs.
  3. The part of a piece furniture on which it stands.
  4. (anatomy) Bone; any of the components of an endoskeleton.
  5. (anatomy) Bone; the material of the endoskeleton

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɛn/, /bæn/
  • Hyphenation: ben

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish بك ‎(beŋ, mole), from Proto-Turkic *beŋ ‎(mole on the face).[1]

Cognate with Old Turkic [script needed] ‎(meŋ), Bashkir миң ‎(miñ), Kyrgyz мең ‎(meñ), Turkmen meň, Yakut мэҥ ‎(meŋ). Also compare Mongolian мэнгэ ‎(menge, mole, birthmark).

Noun[edit]

ben ‎(definite accusative beni, plural benler)

  1. birthmark, mole
Related terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Declension[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish بن ‎(ben, I), from Proto-Turkic *bẹ-n ‎(I).[2]

Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰢𐰤 ‎(M²N², men), 𐰋𐰤 ‎(B²N², ben, I), Bashkir мин ‎(min), Chuvash эпӗ ‎(epĕ), Kazakh, Karachay-Balkar, Kyrgyz мен ‎(men), Turkmen men. Turkish is the only Turkic language to preserve the Proto-Turkic *b-.

Pronoun[edit]

ben

  1. I
See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

ben ‎(definite accusative beni, plural biz)

  1. (psychology) ego
Related terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • It is one of the two words that have irregular dative case declension. (The other word is "sen").
  • It is one of the two words that have irregular genitive case declension. (The other word is "biz").

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*beŋ”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  2. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*bẹ-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

Venetian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin bene.

Adverb[edit]

ben

  1. well

Derived terms[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin bene.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ben ‎(plural bens)

  1. (sense of) well-being, welfare, being well, wellness

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ben

  1. Soft mutation of pen.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
pen ben mhen phen
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.