Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰeh₂-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*bʰeh₂- (imperfective)[1][2][3]

  1. to shine, glow light

Derived terms[edit]


  • *bʰéh₂-ti ~ *bʰh₂-énti (athematic root present)
  • *bʰ-n̥-h₂-ye-ti (post-PIE nasal-infix+ye-present)
  • *bʰéh₂-os ~ *bʰéh₂-es-os
    • Hellenic: *pʰáos
      • Ancient Greek: φάος (pháos, light)
        Attic Greek: φῶς (phôs)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: iubar (celestial light, splendor) < *dyew-bʰéh₂-os
    • Indo-Iranian:
  • *bʰóh₂-mo-s
    • Indo-Iranian: *bʰáHmas (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰeh₂-no-s[5]
    • Celtic: *bānos (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *bōnaz (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
      • Iranian:
        • Ossetian: бон (bon, day)
        • Sarikoli: [script needed] (vuyn, light, radiance)
        • Wakhi: [script needed] (voyn, fire, light)
  • Unsorted formations:

Root[edit]

*bʰeh₂- (imperfective)[6][7]

  1. to speak, say

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “bhā-, bhō-, bhə”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 104-105
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “1. *bʰeh₂-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, pages 68-69
  3. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*baH”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, page 1
  4. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “bëj ~ bâj”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, page 22
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*bāno-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 55
  6. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “bhā-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 105-106
  7. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “2. *bʰeh₂-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, pages 69-70
  8. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 165