բանամ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Since long connected with Ancient Greek φαίνω (phaínō), Sanskrit भाति (bhāti), and derived from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂- (to shine).[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] The basic meaning would then be “to make visible”.

The above etymology is not accepted by Ačaṙyan, who leaves the origin of the word open.[10]

Verb[edit]

բանամ (banam)

  1. (transitive) to open, to discover, to disclose
    բանալ զգլուխbanal zgluxto take off one's hat
    բանալ ումեք զսիրտ իւրbanal umekʿ zsirt iwrto unbosom, to open one's heart
    բանալ զախորժակbanal zaxoržakto excite appetite
    բանալ զշիշbanal zšišto uncork a bottle
    բանալ զկնիքbanal zknikʿto unseal
    բանալ զմիտսbanal zmitsto illuminate, to enlighten the mind
    բանալ զխցանսbanal zxcʿansto unstop
    բանալ զծրարնbanal zcrarnto unpack
    բանալ ճանապարհbanal čanaparhto trace, to mark out a path; to open a way, to make a road
  2. (transitive) to explain
  3. (transitive) to loosen
  4. (transitive) to perforate, to pierce, to bore
    ծակ բանալcak banalto perforate, to pierce, to bore
  5. (transitive) to spread, to enlarge, to extend
  6. (transitive) to unfold, to untwist, to unlink
  7. (transitive) to rub
  8. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to open; to be detached one from another

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “բանամ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  1. ^ de Lagarde (Boetticher), Paul (1851) Arica (in Latin), Halle: J.F. Lippert, § 422, page 86
  2. ^ de Lagarde, Paul (1854) Zur Urgeschichte der Armenier: ein philologischer Versuch (in German), Berlin: W. Hertz, page 9
  3. ^ Dervischjan (Tērvišean), P. Seraphin (1885) Hndewropakan naxalezu [Proto-Indo-European Language] (in Armenian), Constantinople: Nšan K. Pērpērean, page 94
  4. ^ Petersson, Herbert (1920) Arische und armenische Studien (Lunds Universitets Årsskrift N.F. Avd. 1, Bd. 16. Nr. 3) (in German), Lund, Leipzig, page 123
  5. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 104f
  6. ^ Klingenschmitt, Gert (1982) Das altarmenische Verbum (in German), Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, pages 112–3, 285
  7. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, page 69
  8. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 115
  9. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “բանալ”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 116b
  10. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “բանալ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, pages 403–405