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From Middle English thriven, from Old Norse þrífa ‎(to seize, grasp, take hold, prosper) (Swedish driva), from Proto-Germanic *þrībaną ‎(to seize, prosper), from Proto-Indo-European *trep-, *terp- ‎(to satisfy, enjoy).



thrive ‎(third-person singular simple present thrives, present participle thriving, simple past throve or thrived, past participle thriven or thrived)

  1. To grow or increase stature; to grow vigorously or luxuriantly, to flourish.
    • 1819 (though spoken by a character in the 12-century): “It seems to me, reverend father,” said the knight, “that the small morsels which you eat, together with this holy, but somewhat thin beverage, have thriven with you marvellously.” — Walter Scott, Ivanhoe
  2. To increase in wealth or success; to prosper, be profitable.
    Since expanding in June, the business has really thrived.



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