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From Proto-Italic *wegēō (with unexpected i), from Proto-Indo-European *weǵ-eh₁-(ye)-, stative verb from *weǵ- (to be lively), same ultimate source of English wake. Confer with the causative vegeō.



vigeō (present infinitive vigēre, perfect active viguī); second conjugation, no passive

  1. I am vigorous or thriving; thrive, flourish
  2. I am in honor, esteem or repute; prosper.
  3. I am alive, live.


   Conjugation of vigeo (second conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vigeō vigēs viget vigēmus vigētis vigent
imperfect vigēbam vigēbās vigēbat vigēbāmus vigēbātis vigēbant
future vigēbō vigēbis vigēbit vigēbimus vigēbitis vigēbunt
perfect viguī viguistī viguit viguimus viguistis viguērunt, viguēre
pluperfect vigueram viguerās viguerat viguerāmus viguerātis viguerant
future perfect viguerō vigueris viguerit viguerimus vigueritis viguerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vigeam vigeās vigeat vigeāmus vigeātis vigeant
imperfect vigērem vigērēs vigēret vigērēmus vigērētis vigērent
perfect viguerim viguerīs viguerit viguerimus vigueritis viguerint
pluperfect viguissem viguissēs viguisset viguissēmus viguissētis viguissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vigē vigēte
future vigētō vigētō vigētōte vigentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives vigēre viguisse
participles vigēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
vigēre vigendī vigendō vigendum

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • vigeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vigeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vigeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be in the prime of life: aetate florere, vigere
    • a rumour is prevalent: rumor, fama viget
    • learning, scientific knowledge is flourishing: artium studia or artes vigent (not florent)
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN