vigil

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Middle English vigile (a devotional watching), from Old French vigile, from Latin vigilia (wakefulness, watch), from vigil (awake), from Proto-Indo-European *weg- (to be strong).

Related to vigor, and more distantly compare vis and vital, from similar Proto-Indo-European roots and meanings (lively, power, life), via Latin. For use of “live, alive” in sense “watching”, compare qui vive.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vigil (plural vigils)

  1. An instance of keeping awake during normal sleeping hours, especially to keep watch or pray.
  2. A period of observation or surveillance at any hour.
    His dog kept vigil outside the hospital for eight days while he was recovering from an accident.
  3. The eve of a religious festival in which staying awake is part of the ritual devotions.
  4. A quiet demonstration in support of a cause.
    The protesters kept vigil outside the conference centre in which the party congress was being held.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *weg- (to be strong).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vigil

  1. awake, watching, alert

Noun[edit]

vigil m (genitive vigilis); third declension

  1. watchman, sentinel
  2. (in the plural) the watch, police

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative vigil vigilēs
genitive vigilis vigilum
dative vigilī vigilibus
accusative vigilem vigilēs
ablative vigile vigilibus
vocative vigil vigilēs

Descendants[edit]