From Middle English vigile (“a devotional watching”), from Old French vigile, from Latin vigilia (“wakefulness, watch”), from vigil (“awake”), from Proto-Indo-European *weǵ- (“to be strong, lively, awake”). See also wake, from the same root.
Related to vigor, and more distantly compare vis and vital, from similar Proto-Indo-European roots and meanings (lively, power, life), via Latin. For use of “live, alive” in sense “watching”, compare qui vive.
vigil (plural vigils)
- An instance of keeping awake during normal sleeping hours, especially to keep watch or pray.
- 1834, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], chapter XII, in Francesca Carrara. […], volume II, London: Richard Bentley, […], (successor to Henry Colburn), →OCLC, page 149:
- I saw her head drooped upon her hand; her whole attitude expressing that profound depression, whose lonely vigil wastes the midnight in a gloomy watch, which yet hopes for nothing at its close.
- A period of observation or surveillance at any hour.
- His dog kept vigil outside the hospital for eight days while he was recovering from an accident.
- The eve of a religious festival in which staying awake is part of the ritual devotions.
- A quiet demonstration in support of a cause.
- The protesters kept vigil outside the conference centre in which the party congress was being held.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈu̯i.ɡil/, [ˈu̯ɪɡɪɫ̪]
- (modern Italianate Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈvi.d͡ʒil/, [ˈviːd͡ʒil]
Third-declension one-termination adjective.
|Case / Gender||Masc./Fem.||Neuter||Masc./Fem.||Neuter|
- watchman, guard, sentinel; constable, fireman; angel
- (in the plural) the watch, police, constabulary