wake

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A merger of two verbs of similar form and meaning:

Verb[edit]

wake (third-person singular simple present wakes, present participle waking, simple past woke or waked, past participle woken or waked)

  1. (intransitive) (often followed by up) To stop sleeping.
    I woke up at four o'clock this morning.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
      How long I slept I cannot tell, for I had nothing to guide me to the time, but woke at length, and found myself still in darkness.
  2. (transitive) (often followed by up) To make somebody stop sleeping; to rouse from sleep.
    The neighbour's car alarm woke me from a strange dream.
  3. (transitive, figurative) To put in motion or action; to arouse; to excite.
  4. (intransitive, figurative) To be excited or roused up; to be stirred up from a dormant, torpid, or inactive state; to be active.
  5. To lay out a body prior to burial in order to allow family and friends to pay their last respects.
  6. To watch, or sit up with, at night, as a dead body.
  7. To be or remain awake; not to sleep.
  8. (obsolete) To be alert; to keep watch
    Command unto the guards that they diligently wake.
  9. (obsolete) To sit up late for festive purposes; to hold a night revel.
Derived terms[edit]
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Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun[edit]

wake (plural wakes)

  1. (obsolete, poetic) The act of waking, or state of being awake.
  2. The state of forbearing sleep, especially for solemn or festive purposes; a vigil.
    • 1697, “Palamon and Arcite”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. [], London: Printed for Jacob Tonson, [], OCLC 403869432:
      The warlike wakes continued all the night, / And funeral games played at new returning light.
    • 1634 October 9 (first performance), [John Milton], H[enry] Lawes, editor, A Maske Presented at Ludlow Castle, 1634: [] [Comus], London: Printed [by Augustine Matthews] for Hvmphrey Robinson, [], published 1637, OCLC 228715864; reprinted as Comus: [] (Dodd, Mead & Company’s Facsimile Reprints of Rare Books; Literature Series; no. I), New York, N.Y.: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1903, OCLC 1113942837:
      The wood nymphs, deckt with daises trim, / Their merry wakes and pastimes keep.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English wacu, from Proto-Germanic *wakō.

Noun[edit]

wake (plural wakes)

  1. A period after a person's death before or after the body is buried, cremated, etc.; in some cultures accompanied by a party and/or collectively sorting through the deceased's personal effects.
  2. (historical, Church of England) An annual parish festival formerly held in commemoration of the dedication of a church. Originally, prayers were said on the evening preceding, and hymns were sung during the night, in the church; subsequently, these vigils were discontinued, and the day itself, often with succeeding days, was occupied in rural pastimes and exercises, attended by eating and drinking.
    • (Can we date this quote by Ld. Berners and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Great solemnities were made in all churches, and great fairs and wakes throughout all England.
    • 1612, Michael Drayton, Poly-Olbion
      And every village smokes at wakes with lusty cheer.
  3. A number of vultures assembled together.
Synonyms[edit]
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Etymology 3[edit]

Probably from Middle Low German or Middle Dutch wake, from or akin to Old Norse vǫk (a hole in the ice) ( > Danish våge, Icelandic vök), from Proto-Germanic *wakwō (wetness), from Proto-Indo-European *wegʷ- (moist, wet).

Noun[edit]

wake (plural wakes)

  1. The path left behind a ship on the surface of the water.
  2. The turbulent air left behind a flying aircraft.
  3. (figurative) The area behind something, typically a rapidly moving object.
    • 1826, Thomas De Quincey, Lessing (published in Blackwood's Magazine)
      This effect followed immediately in the wake of his earliest exertions.
    • 1857-1859, William Makepeace Thackeray, The Virginians
      Several humbler persons [] formed quite a procession in the dusty wake of his chariot wheels.
    • 2011 September 28, Tom Rostance, “Arsenal 2 - 1 Olympiakos”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Alex Song launched a long ball forward from the back and the winger took it down nicely on his chest. He cut across the penalty area from the right and after one of the three defenders in his wake failed to make a meaningful clearance, the Oxlade-Chamberlain was able to dispatch a low left-footed finish into the far corner.
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Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *waka, from Proto-Germanic *wakō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wake f (plural waken)

  1. A wake (a gathering to remember a dead person).

Verb[edit]

wake

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of waken

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

wake

  1. Rōmaji transcription of わけ

Middle English[edit]

Adjective[edit]

wake

  1. Alternative form of woke

Swahili[edit]

Noun[edit]

wake

  1. plural of mke

Adjective[edit]

wake

  1. M class inflected form of -ake.
  2. U class inflected form of -ake.
  3. Wa class inflected form of -ake.

Torres Strait Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Meriam wakey.

Noun[edit]

wake

  1. (eastern dialect) thigh, upper leg

Synonyms[edit]