despertar

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Asturian[edit]

Verb[edit]

despertar (first-person singular indicative present despierto, past participle despertáu)

  1. Alternative form of espertar

Conjugation[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

despertar (first-person singular present desperto, past participle despertat)

  1. (transitive) to wake, awaken, wake up
  2. (transitive) to wake up (a feeling, sentiment), arouse
  3. (intransitive) to wake up (become awake)
    Synonym: despertar-se

Conjugation[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese despertar, from earlier espertar, from Vulgar Latin *expertare, from *expertus, from Latin experrectus (awoken), perfect passive participle of expergiscor (I awake, I wake up). Cognate with Galician despertar, espertar, Catalan despertar and Spanish despertar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

despertar (first-person singular present indicative desperto, past participle despertado)

  1. (intransitive) to awake (gain consciousness)
    Synonyms: acordar, espertar
    Antonyms: cair no sono, dormir
  2. (intransitive) to go off (alarm)
    Synonyms: alarmar, alvoraçar
  3. (transitive) to awaken somebody
  4. (transitive) to alarm (put on the alert)
  5. (transitive with para) to become interested in
  6. (transitive with para) to wake up to (become more aware of a situation)
  7. (transitive, poetic) to awake (excite or to stir up something latent)
    Synonyms: acordar, espertar
  8. first-person singular (eu) personal infinitive of despertar
  9. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) personal infinitive of despertar
  10. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of despertar
  11. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of despertar

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From despierto (awake) +‎ -ar. Cognate with Galician despertar, espertar, Catalan despertar, Portuguese despertar, and Walloon dispierter.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /desperˈtaɾ/, [d̪esperˈt̪aɾ]

Verb[edit]

despertar (first-person singular present despierto, first-person singular preterite desperté, past participle despertado)

  1. (transitive) to wake
    Despiértame a las siete, ¿vale?
    Wake me up at seven, OK?
  2. (intransitive, often takes a reflexive pronoun) to wake up
    No me puedo despertar tan temprano.
    I can't wake up that early.
  3. (figurative, transitive) to awaken
  4. (figurative, transitive) to pique (interest, curiosity)

Conjugation[edit]

  • Rule: e becomes an ie in stressed syllables.

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

despertar m (plural despertares)

  1. awakening
    Synonym: despertamiento

Usage notes[edit]

Further reading[edit]