eles

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See also: éles and êles

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese eles, from Latin illos, from ille (that). The dative form is from Latin illīs.

Pronoun[edit]

eles m pl (accusative os, dative lles)

  1. they

Usage notes[edit]

The accusative form os has variant forms los and nos. These alternative forms appear depending on the ending of the preceding word. The form los is used when the preceding word ends in -r or -s. The nos form is used when the preceding word ends in -u or a diphthong. These alternative forms are then suffixed to the preceding word.

The accusative also forms contractions when it immediately follows an indirect object pronoun. For example, Dou che os (I gave you them) contracts to Dou chos.

Related terms[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal [Term?], from Latin illōs, from ille.

Pronoun[edit]

eles m (feminine elas)

  1. they (third-person singular subject pronoun)

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illas, accusative feminine plural of ille.

Pronoun[edit]

eles f

  1. they (third-person plural feminine subject pronoun)
  2. they (third-person plural feminine stressed object pronoun)
    E nule nef ne put encontre eles durer
    And no boat can withstand being between them

Coordinate terms[edit]

  • (subject pronoun): il (masculine equivalent)
  • (stressed object pronoun): eus (masculine equivalent)

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese eles, from Latin illos, from ille.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

eles

  1. masculine third-person plural nominative personal pronoun; they
    • 2003, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e a Ordem da Fênix (Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix), Rocco, page 449:
      Obviamente eles não podem mais conversar [...]
      Obviously they can't discuss anymore [...]
    • 2007, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e as Relíquias da Morte (Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows), Rocco, page 582:
      Eles sorriram um para o outro.
      They smiled to each other.
    • 2007, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e as Relíquias da Morte (Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows), Rocco, page 588:
      Pensei que eles fossem invisíveis.
      I thought that they were invisible.
    Eles andaram até mim.
    They walked towards me.
  2. masculine third-person plural prepositional pronoun; them
    Eu gosto de conversar com eles.
    I enjoy talking to them
  3. (Brazil, colloquial) masculine third-person plural personal pronoun used in all positions; they; them
    Um homem matou eles.
    A man killed them.
Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:ele.

See also[edit]
Portuguese personal pronouns (edit)
Number Person Nominative
(subject)
Accusative
(direct object)
Dative
(indirect object)
Oblique Oblique
with com
Non-declining
m f m f m and f m f m f m f
Singular First eu me mim comigo
Second tu te ti contigo você
o senhor a senhora
Third ele ela o
(lo, no)
a
(la, na)
lhe ele ela com ele com ela o mesmo a mesma
se (reflexive) si (reflexive) consigo (reflexive)
Plural First nós nos nós connosco (Portugal)
conosco (Brazil)
a gente
Second vós vos vós convosco vocês
os senhores as senhoras
Third eles elas os
(los, nos)
as
(las, nas)
lhes eles elas com eles com elas os mesmos as mesmas
se (reflexive) si (reflexive) consigo (reflexive)
Indefinite se (reflexive) si (reflexive) consigo (reflexive)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

eles m

  1. plural of ele

Volapük[edit]

Article[edit]

eles

  1. dative plural of el