them

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See also: thêm

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Stressed) enPR: thĕm, IPA(key): /ðɛm/
    • (Stressed) (New York City) IPA(key): [d̪ɛm]
  • (file)
  • (Unstressed) enPR: thəm, IPA(key): /ðəm/
    • (Unstressed) (New York City) IPA(key): [d̪ʌm]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛm

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English þem, from Old Norse þeim.

Pronoun[edit]

them (third-person, personal pronoun, objective case of they)

  1. (plural) Those ones.
    1. Used as the direct object of a verb.
      She treated them for a cold.
    2. Used as the indirect object of a verb.
      She wrote them a letter.
    3. Used as the object of a preposition.
      Give it to them.
  2. (singular) Him, her, or it; that one.
    1. Used as the direct object of a verb.
      If a student has an inappropriate question, whatever you do, do not berate them.
      • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Deuteronomy 17:2–5:
        If there be found among you, within any of thy gates which the LORD thy God giveth thee, man or woman, that hath wrought wickedness in the sight of the LORD thy God, [] [t]hen shalt thou bring forth that man or that woman, which have committed that wicked thing, unto thy gates, even that man or that woman, and shalt stone them with stones, till they die.
      • 2006, St. John Ambulance, First on the Scene: Student Reference Guide, →ISBN, Lesson 2, page 3:
        Place the casualty on their back with feet and legs raised—this is called the shock position. [emphasis in original] Once the casualty is positioned, cover them to preserve body heat, but do not overheat.
      • 2007, Rowling, J. K., Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, London: Bloomsbury, 2008, →ISBN, page 270:
        Someone in the crowd around the lifts called sycophantically, ‘Morning, Yaxley!’ Yaxley ignored them.
    2. Used as the indirect object of a verb.
      If one of my patients calls, please bring them their dinner.
    3. Used as the object of a preposition.
      If someone comes and asks for the ticket, just give it to them.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Regarding the use of singular them, see they.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

Determiner[edit]

them

  1. (dialectal) Those.
    • 2005, Elmer Kelton, Sons of Texas, Tor/Forge (2005), page 111:
      " [] Them two wild horses ain't fit to ride, and I been wonderin' how I was goin' to get you out of this place before them Spanish maybe circle back and finish the job."
    • For more examples of usage of this term, see Citations:them.
    Them kids need to grow up.

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *θēm-, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱens- (to say, instruct, announce). Cognate with Sanskrit शास्ति (śā́sti, to instruct, advise, command), and Latin cēnseō (I give an opinion, I judge, guess, reckon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

them (first-person singular past tense thashë, participle thënë)

  1. I say

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Kalo Finnish Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Romani them.

Noun[edit]

them m

  1. country, state

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • them” in Finnish Romani-English Dictionary, ROMLEX – the Romani Lexicon Project, 2000.

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

them

  1. Alternative spelling of þem (them)

Etymology 2[edit]

Determiner[edit]

them

  1. Alternative spelling of þem (the, that, this)

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

them (plural themes)

  1. Alternative spelling of þem (folk)

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

them (third-person singular simple present themeth, present participle themende, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle themed)

  1. Alternative spelling of þem (to produce offspring)

Romani[edit]

Noun[edit]

them m (plural thema)

  1. country

Descendants[edit]

  • Kalo Finnish Romani: them
  • Welsh Romani: them

References[edit]

  • Yūsuke Sumi (2018), “them”, in ニューエクスプレス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, →ISBN, page 144

Welsh Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Romani them.

Noun[edit]

them m (plural thema)

  1. land, country
  2. country (as opposed to town)
  3. earth, world

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • them” in Welsh Romani-English Dictionary, ROMLEX – the Romani Lexicon Project, 2000.