them

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See also: thêm

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English þem, from Old Norse þeim.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (stressed) enPR: thĕm, IPA(key): /ðɛm/
  • (file)
  • (unstressed) enPR: thəm, IPA(key): /ðəm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛm

Pronoun[edit]

them (third-person, personal pronoun, objective case of they)

  1. (in the plural) Those ones.
    1. Used as the direct object of a verb.
      She treated them for a cold.
    2. Used as the indirect object of a verb.
      She wrote them a letter.
    3. Used as the object of a preposition.
      Give it to them.
  2. (in the singular) Him, her, or it; that one.
    1. Used as the direct object of a verb.
      If a student has an inappropriate question, whatever you do, do not berate them.
      • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Deuteronomy 17:2–5:
        If there be found among you, within any of thy gates which the Lord thy God giveth thee, man or woman, that hath wrought wickedness in the sight of the Lord thy God, [] [t]hen shalt thou bring forth that man or that woman, which have committed that wicked thing, unto thy gates, even that man or that woman, and shalt stone them with stones, till they die.
      • 2006, St. John Ambulance, First on the Scene: Student Reference Guide, →ISBN, Lesson 2, page 3:
        Place the casualty on their back with feet and legs raised—this is called the shock position. [emphasis in original] Once the casualty is positioned, cover them to preserve body heat, but do not overheat.
      • 2007, Rowling, J. K., Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, London: Bloomsbury, 2008, →ISBN, page 270:
        Someone in the crowd around the lifts called sycophantically, ‘Morning, Yaxley!’ Yaxley ignored them.
    2. Used as the indirect object of a verb.
      If one of my patients calls, please bring them their dinner.
    3. Used as the object of a preposition.
      If someone comes and asks for the ticket, just give it to them.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Regarding the use of singular them, see they.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

Determiner[edit]

them

  1. (dialectal) Those.
    • 1835, John Pendleton Kennedy, Horse Shoe Robinson: A Tale of the Tory Ascendency
      How would you like a scrummage, Andy, with them Scotchmen that stole your mother's chickens this morning?
    • 1915, C.J. Dennis, The Songs of the Sentimental Bloke, published 1916, page 13:
      The world 'as got me snouted jist a treat; / Crool Forchin's dirty left 'as smote me soul. / An' all them joys o' life I 'eld so sweet / Is up the pole.
    • 1926, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Land of Mist[1]:
      "I say it's a shame, Silas Linden, the way them children is treated."
    • 2005, Elmer Kelton, Sons of Texas, Tor/Forge (2005), page 111:
      " [] Them two wild horses ain't fit to ride, and I been wonderin' how I was goin' to get you out of this place before them Spanish maybe circle back and finish the job."
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:them.

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *θēm-, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱens- (to say, instruct, announce). Cognate with Sanskrit शास्ति (śā́sti, to instruct, advise, command), and Latin cēnseō (I give an opinion, I judge, guess, reckon). Potentially a doublet of rrëfej.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

them (first-person singular past tense thashë, participle thënë)

  1. I say

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Kalo Finnish Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Romani them.

Noun[edit]

them m

  1. country, state

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • them” in Finnish Romani-English Dictionary, ROMLEX – the Romani Lexicon Project, 2000.

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

them

  1. Alternative spelling of þem (them)

Etymology 2[edit]

Determiner[edit]

them

  1. Alternative spelling of þem (the, that, this)

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

them

  1. Alternative form of tem (group)

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

them

  1. Alternative form of temen (to produce offspring)

Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit *स्थाम्य (sthāmya).

Noun[edit]

them m (plural thema)

  1. country

Descendants[edit]

  • Kalo Finnish Romani: them
  • Welsh Romani: them

References[edit]

  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “*sthāmya”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 794
  • Yūsuke Sumi (2018), “them, ~a”, in ニューエクスプレスプラス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Plus Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, published 2021, →ISBN, OCLC 1267332830, page 156

Welsh Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Romani them.

Noun[edit]

them m (in the plural thema)

  1. land, country
  2. country (as opposed to town)
  3. earth, world

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • them” in Welsh Romani-English Dictionary, ROMLEX – the Romani Lexicon Project, 2000.