los

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Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illos (those ones).

Pronoun[edit]

los

  1. them (masculine direct object)

Synonyms[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illōs, from ille.

Article[edit]

los m pl (masculine sg el, feminine sg la, neuter sg lo, feminine plural les)

  1. (definite) the

Catalan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin illōs; cf. els.

Pronoun[edit]

los (enclitic, contracted 'ls, proclitic els)

  1. them (masculine, direct or indirect object)
  2. them (feminine, indirect object only)
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

-los is the full (plena) form of the pronoun. It is normally used after verbs ending with consonant or ⟨u⟩.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin illōs, from ille.

Article[edit]

los m pl

  1. masculine plural of lo

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ȏlsь, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁el-.[1][2] Cognate with English elk, German Elch.

Noun[edit]

los m anim

  1. elk (British), moose (U.S.)

Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from German Los, which has unclear origins.[3][4]

Noun[edit]

los m inan

  1. lottery ticket

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "los¹" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007
  2. ^ Machek, Václav (1968), “los 1°”, in Etymologický slovník jazyka českého, 2nd edition, Prague: Academia
  3. ^ "los²" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007
  4. ^ Machek, Václav (1968), “los 2°”, in Etymologický slovník jazyka českého, 2nd edition, Prague: Academia

Further reading[edit]

  • los in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • los in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse lauss

Adjective[edit]

los

  1. loose

Noun[edit]

los c (singular definite lossen, plural indefinite losser)

  1. lynx

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

los n (singular definite losset, plural indefinite los)

  1. kick

Inflection[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /lɔs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: los
  • Rhymes: -ɔs

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch los, from Old Dutch *los, from Proto-West Germanic *lus (a-stem), from Proto-Germanic *lusaz. Cognate with Ripuarian Central Franconian loss, Luxembourgish lass, lues. Related with Dutch loos, the cognate of German los, lose, English loose.

Adjective[edit]

los (comparative losser, superlative meest los or lost)

  1. loose
  2. separate
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of los
uninflected los
inflected losse
comparative losser
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial los losser het lost
het loste
indefinite m./f. sing. losse lossere loste
n. sing. los losser loste
plural losse lossere loste
definite losse lossere loste
partitive los lossers
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: losi
  • Papiamentu: lòs, los

Verb[edit]

los

  1. first-person singular present indicative of lossen
  2. imperative of lossen

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch los, from Old Dutch *los, from Proto-Germanic *luhsuz, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *lewk- (light, to shine) or from a substrate language.[1] Cognate with Old Saxon lohs, Old High German luhs, Old English lox, from a similar Germanic form also Swedish lodjur. Cognates outside Germanic include Ancient Greek λύγξ (lúnx), Lithuanian lūšis, Old Church Slavonic роусь (rusĭ), Old Irish lug, Old Armenian լուսանունք (lusanunkʿ).

Noun[edit]

los m (plural lossen, diminutive losje n)

  1. (dated) lynx (specifically the Eurasian lynx, Lynx lynx)
    Synonym: lynx
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009), “lynx”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press

Dutch Low Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon lōs, from Proto-Germanic *lausaz, cognate with Dutch los and English loose.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

los

  1. open

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French, from Latin laus, laudem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

los m (plural los)

  1. (obsolete) praise; acclaim
    Synonym: (modern) louange

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /loːs/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /lɔs/ (regionally; chiefly as interjection or when meaning “going on”)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old High German lōs. Compare English loose.

Adjective[edit]

los (comparative loser, superlative am losesten)

  1. (colloquial or dated) Alternative form of lose (loose)

Adverb[edit]

los (comparative only used in combination with a verb)

  1. off, rid of
    Ich bin meine Erkältung los.I've got rid of my cold.
  2. going on
    Hier ist einiges los.There's a lot going on here.
    Was ist los?What's going on? / What's up? / What's wrong?
  3. (colloquial, regional, Westphalia, Lower Saxony) open
    Die Tür stand los.The door stood open.

Interjection[edit]

los

  1. come on!, let's go!
    Los! An die Arbeit!Come on! Let's get to work!
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

los

  1. singular imperative of losen

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɔs]
  • Hyphenation: los

Etymology 1[edit]

Shortening from losmen (hostel).

Noun[edit]

los (first-person possessive losku, second-person possessive losmu, third-person possessive losnya)

  1. hostel
  2. longhouse

Etymology 2[edit]

From Dutch loods (pilot).

Noun[edit]

los (first-person possessive losku, second-person possessive losmu, third-person possessive losnya)

  1. (navigation) pilot boat

Etymology 3[edit]

From Dutch los (loose).

Adjective[edit]

los

  1. (colloquial) loose, free
    Synonyms: lepas, bebas

Further reading[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

los

  1. (accusative, dative) them, those

Ladino[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illōs, from ille.

Article[edit]

los (singular el, feminine las)

  1. the (masculine plural)

Mauritian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French loche (dialectal)

Noun[edit]

los

  1. slug

References[edit]

  • Baker, Philip & Hookoomsing, Vinesh Y. (1987). Dictionnaire de créole mauricien. Morisyen – English – Français

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *los, from Proto-Germanic *lusaz, *lausaz (loose, free).

Adjective[edit]

los

  1. loose, free
  2. free, not encumbered
  3. having lost, robbed

Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English los.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

los (uncountable)

  1. loss

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Low German lots (short form of lotsman); compare with German Lotse.

Noun[edit]

los m (definite singular losen, indefinite plural loser, definite plural losene)

  1. (nautical) a pilot (person who guides ships in and out of a harbour)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

los m (definite singular losen, indefinite plural losar, definite plural losane)

  1. Alternative spelling of lós

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

los n (definite singular loset, indefinite plural los, definite plural losa)

  1. Alternative spelling of lòs

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illōs, from ille.

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

los (singular lo, feminine la, feminine plural las)

  1. the; masculine plural definite article

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *lusą (loss), from Proto-Indo-European *lewHs- (to cut loose; sever; lose). Cognate with Old Norse los (looseness; breaking up).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

los n (nominative plural los)

  1. loss
  2. destruction

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See the verb loer (to laud).

Noun[edit]

los m (oblique plural los, nominative singular los, nominative plural los)

  1. glory; positive reputation

Descendants[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *lausaz, whence also Old English lēas, Old Norse lauss.

Adjective[edit]

lōs

  1. loose

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German lōz, from Old High German hlōz, from Proto-Germanic *hlautiz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

los m inan

  1. fate
  2. lottery ticket
    Synonym: kupon

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • los in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • los in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

los

  1. Alternative form of os (third-person masculine plural objective pronoun) used as an enclitic and mesoclitic following a verb form ending in a consonant (-z, -r and -s, but not -m); the consonant is elided and the preceding vowel takes an accent if necessary

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sh
Američki los se odmori u kišnom polju.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ȏlsь.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lȍs m (Cyrillic spelling ло̏с)

  1. moose
  2. elk

Declension[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *olsь.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lọ̑s m anim

  1. elk, moose

Inflection[edit]

Masculine anim., hard o-stem
nom. sing. lós
gen. sing. lósa
singular dual plural
nominative lós lósa lósi
accusative lósa lósa lóse
genitive lósa lósov lósov
dative lósu lósoma lósom
locative lósu lósih lósih
instrumental lósom lósoma lósi

Further reading[edit]

  • los”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin illōs accusative plural masculine of ille.

Article[edit]

los m pl

  1. the
    ¿Qué hacen los muchachos?What do the boys do?
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

los

  1. accusative of ellos and ustedes (when referring to more than one man); them, you all (formal)
  2. plural masculine or neuter pronoun
    los que no hablan
    those who do not speak

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

los

  1. indefinite genitive singular of lo

Anagrams[edit]


Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Low German lots (short form of lotsman), from Middle English lodesman; compare with German Lotse.

Noun[edit]

los m (definite singular losn, dative singular losåm, indefinite plural losa, definite plural losan)

  1. (nautical) a pilot (person who guides ships in and out of a harbour)

Derived terms[edit]


White Hmong[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

los

  1. come, return (to one's home / to a place where one resides)
    Antonym: tuaj

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ernest E. Heimbach, White Hmong - English Dictionary (1979, SEAP Publications)

Zazaki[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Armenian լոշ (loš).

Noun[edit]

los (genitive singular losi)

  1. lavash