los

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Contents

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illos, from ille.

Article[edit]

los m pl ‎(masculine sg el, feminine sg la, neuter sg lo, feminine plural les)

  1. (definite) the

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illos; cf. els.

Pronoun[edit]

los ‎(enclitic, contracted 'ls, proclitic els)

  1. them (masculine, direct or indirect object)
  2. them (feminine, indirect object only)

Declension[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

los m

  1. elk (British), moose (U.S.)

Declension[edit]

  1. lottery ticket

Declension[edit]


Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Adjective[edit]

los

  1. loose

Noun[edit]

los c (singular definite lossen, plural indefinite losser)

  1. lynx

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

los n (singular definite losset, plural indefinite los)

  1. kick

Inflection[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *lausaz. Cognate with English loose.

Adjective[edit]

los ‎(comparative losser, superlative meest los or lost)

  1. loose
  2. separate
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of los
uninflected los
inflected losse
comparative losser
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial los losser het lost
het loste
indefinite m./f. sing. losse lossere loste
n. sing. los losser loste
plural losse lossere loste
definite losse lossere loste
partitive los lossers
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

los

  1. first-person singular present indicative of lossen
  2. imperative of lossen

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch los, from Old Dutch *los, from Proto-Germanic *luhsuz, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *lewk-(light, to shine) or from a substrate language.[1] Cognate with Old Saxon lohs, Old High German luhs, Old English lox, from a similar Germanic form also Swedish lodjur. Cognates outside Germanic include Ancient Greek λύγξ(lúnx), Lithuanian lūšis, Old Church Slavonic роусь(rusĭ), Old Irish lug, Old Armenian լուսանունք(lusanunkʿ).

Noun[edit]

los m ‎(plural lossen, diminutive losje n)

  1. (archaic) lynx (specifically the Eurasian lynx)
Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philippa, M.; Debrabandere, F.; Quak, A.; Schoonheim, T.; Van der Sijs, N. (2003–2009), “lynx”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press

Dutch Low Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *lausaz, cognate with Dutch los and English loose.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

los

  1. open

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

los m ‎(plural los)

  1. (obsolete) praise; acclaim

Synonyms[edit]

External links[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /loːs/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /lɔs/ (regionally; chiefly as interjection or when meaning “going on”)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old High German lōs.

Adjective[edit]

los ‎(comparative loser, superlative am losesten)

  1. Alternative form of lose(loose)

Adverb[edit]

los (only used in combination with a verb)

  1. off, rid of
    Ich bin meine Erkältung los.
    I've got rid of my cold.
  2. going on
    Hier ist einiges los.
    There's a lot going on here.

Interjection[edit]

los

  1. come on!, let's go!
    Los! An die Arbeit!
    Come on! Let's get to work!

Usage notes[edit]

In compound verbs it is generally vain to distinguish those in which los is the adjective los(e) from those in which it is the adverb. For example, in losmachen(loosen) it seems to be the adjective, in losfahren(leave) and loswerden(get rid) it is the adverb.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

los

  1. Imperative singular of losen.

Interlingua[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

los

  1. (accusative, dative) them, those

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Borrowing from Low German lots (short form of lotsman); compare with German Lotse.

Noun[edit]

los m ‎(definite singular losen, indefinite plural loser, definite plural losene)

  1. (nautical) a pilot (person who guides ships in and out of a harbour)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Borrowing from Low German lots (short form of lotsman).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

los m ‎(definite singular losen, indefinite plural losar, definite plural losane)

  1. (nautical) a pilot (as above)

References[edit]


Novial[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

los

  1. they (all male); them (all male)

Related terms[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illos, from ille.

Article[edit]

los ‎(singular lo, feminine la, feminine plural las)

  1. the; masculine plural definite article

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See the verb loer(to laud).

Noun[edit]

los m ‎(oblique plural los, nominative singular los, nominative plural los)

  1. glory; positive reputation

Descendants[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *lausaz, whence also Old English lēas, Old Norse lauss.

Adjective[edit]

lōs

  1. loose

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German lōʒ, from Old High German hlōz, from Proto-Germanic *hlautiz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

los m inan

  1. fate
  2. lottery ticket

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (lottery ticket): kupon

External links[edit]

  • los in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

los

  1. Alternative form of os (third-person masculine plural objective pronoun) used as an enclitic and mesoclitic following a verb form ending in a consonant (-z, -r and -s, but not -m); the consonant is elided and the preceding vowel takes an accent if necessary

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ôlsь.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lȍs m ‎(Cyrillic spelling ло̏с)

  1. moose
  2. elk

Declension[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lós m anim ‎(genitive lósa, nominative plural lósi)

  1. elk, moose

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin illos accusative plural masculine of ille.

Article[edit]

los m pl

  1. the
    ¿Qué hacen los muchachos? — "What do the boys do?"
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

los

  1. Accusative of ellos and ustedes (when referring to more than one man); them, you all (formal)
  2. Plural masculine or neuter pronoun, e.g. los que no hablan, "those who do not speak"

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

los

  1. indefinite genitive singular of lo

White Hmong[edit]

Verb[edit]

los

  1. come, return (to one's home / to a place where one resides)

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ernest E. Heimbach, White Hmong - English Dictionary (1979, SEAP Publications)

Zazaki[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Armenian լոշ(loš).

Noun[edit]

los ‎(genitive singular losi)

  1. lavash