lues

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See also: Lues and lũes

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin lues (plague).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lues (uncountable)

  1. (dated, medicine) A plague or disease, especially syphilis.
    • 1819, Lord Byron, Don Juan, I:
      And which in ravage the more loathsome evil is— / Their real lues, or our pseudo-syphilis?
    • 1983, Lawrence Durrell, Sebastian, Faber & Faber 2004 (Avignon Quintet), p. 1031:
      There seemed to be no history of lues or any other family illness in the background.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See lue.

Verb[edit]

lues

  1. Third-person singular simple present indicative form of lue

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin luēs (plague), from Latin luere (to loose, release, atone for). Compare luxace (luxation).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈluɛs]
  • Hyphenation: lu‧es

Noun[edit]

lues f or m inan

  1. (indeclinable, medicine) syphilis [from 20th c.]
    • 1929, Karel Čapek, “Zmizení herce Bendy”, in Povídky z jedné kapsy[1]:
      „A co,“ vzpomněl si úředník, „dluhy neměl?“
      „Ne,“ řekl honem doktor, „on sice Jan Benda měl dluhů jako kvítí, ale nebral je nikdy tragicky.“
      „Nebo… řekněme nějaký osobní skandál… nešťastnou lásku, nebo lues, nebo vůbec nějakou větší starost?“
      „Pokud vím, nic,“ mínil doktor Goldberg váhavě[…]
      "And what about," remembered the official "debts, did he have any?"
      "No," answered the doctor quickly, "Jan Benda had lots of debts, but he never took them tragically."
      "Or… let's say some personal scandal… unhappy love, or syphilis, or some kind of a big problem?"
      "Nothing, as far as I know," said doctor Goldberg hesitantly […]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "lues" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2015, →ISBN, page 388.

Further reading[edit]

  • lues in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • lues in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

lues c

  1. indefinite genitive singular of lue

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Latin lues.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlues/, [ˈlue̞s̠]
  • Rhymes: -ues
  • Syllabification(key): lu‧es

Noun[edit]

lues

  1. syphilis
    Synonyms: kuppa, kuppatauti, syfilis, (historical) huovintauti

Declension[edit]

Inflection of lues (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative lues luekset
genitive lueksen luesten
lueksien
partitive luesta lueksia
illative luekseen lueksiin
singular plural
nominative lues luekset
accusative nom. lues luekset
gen. lueksen
genitive lueksen luesten
lueksien
partitive luesta lueksia
inessive lueksessa lueksissa
elative lueksesta lueksista
illative luekseen lueksiin
adessive lueksella lueksilla
ablative luekselta lueksilta
allative luekselle lueksille
essive lueksena lueksina
translative luekseksi lueksiksi
instructive lueksin
abessive lueksetta lueksitta
comitative lueksineen
Possessive forms of lues (type vastaus)
possessor singular plural
1st person luekseni lueksemme
2nd person lueksesi lueksenne
3rd person lueksensa

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ly/
  • (file)

Participle[edit]

lues f pl

  1. feminine plural of the past participle of lire

Anagrams[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch lues (syphilis), from Latin luēs (plague), from Latin luere (to loose, release, atone for).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /lu.es/
  • Hyphenation: lu‧és

Noun[edit]

lués (first-person possessive luesku, second-person possessive luesmu, third-person possessive luesnya)

  1. syphilis
    Synonyms: raja singa, sifilis

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from luō (wash) or from Proto-Indo-European *lew- (dirt, mud) (cognate with λῦμα (lûma, dirt) and Old Irish loth (mud)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

luēs f sg (genitive luis); third declension

  1. plague, pestilence, epidemic
  2. (figuratively) plague, misfortune
  3. (New Latin) a disease, chiefly syphilis

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem), singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative luēs
Genitive luis
Dative luī
Accusative luem
Ablative lue
Vocative luēs

Verb[edit]

luēs

  1. second-person singular future active indicative of luō

References[edit]

  • lues1”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lues”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lues in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • luēs” on page 1154/2 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (2nd ed., 2012)

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German los, from Old High German *los, variant of lōs (loose; free; lacking; sly, deceitful). Compare for the short vowel Ripuarian Central Franconian loss, Dutch los. The uninflected stem of this adjective develops regularly into Luxembourgish lass, while the inflected stem yields lues. See the English cognate loose for more.

Semantically the above adjective was likely merged with Old High German līso (weak; slow; quiet), for which compare German leise (quiet). Such semantic interaction of the two words is corroborated by Ripuarian loss and lies, both of which have a dated sense “weakly salted, lacking salt”.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lues (masculine luesen, neuter luest, comparative méi lues, superlative am luesten)

  1. quiet
  2. slow

Declension[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Lues.

Noun[edit]

lues n (uncountable)

  1. syphilis

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lues.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /lǔes/
  • Hyphenation: lu‧es

Noun[edit]

lùes m (Cyrillic spelling лу̀ес)

  1. lues

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • lues” in Hrvatski jezični portal