loth

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See also: Loth and lóð

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See loath.

Adjective[edit]

loth (comparative lother, superlative lothest)

  1. (Britain) Alternative form of loath
    I was loth to return to the office without the Henderson file.
Usage notes[edit]
  • The spelling loath is about four times as common as loth in Britain, and about fifty times as common in the United States. Loth had more currency in the US in the 19th century, appearing in Webster’s 1828 dictionary, but not the 1913 edition.
  • The word should not be confused with the related verb loathe.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From German Loth (obsolete), Lot, later also from Dutch lood, both specific usages of the word for ‘lead’. Doublet of lead.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

loth (plural loths)

  1. (now historical) A measure of weight formerly used in Germany, the Netherlands and some other parts of Europe, equivalent to half of the local ounce. [from 17th c.]
    • 1999, Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, translating Paracelsus, Opus Paramirum, in Essential Readings, North Atlantic Books 1999, p. 100:
      It is not a matter of body but of virtues, which is why the fifth essence was invented, of which one loth is superior to the twenty pounds of the body from which it was extracted.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English lāþ (hateful)

Adjective[edit]

loth

  1. hateful, evil
  2. reluctant

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *lutā.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

loth f (genitive loithe, nominative plural latha)

  1. mud
  2. swamp, marsh

Inflection[edit]

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative lothL loithL lothaH
Vocative lothL loithL lothaH
Accusative loithN loithL lothaH
Genitive loitheH lothL lothN
Dative loithL lothaib lothaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
loth
also lloth after a proclitic
loth
pronounced with /l(ʲ)-/
loth
also lloth after a proclitic
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

loth f (genitive singular lotha, plural lothan)

  1. foal
  2. filly