mud

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See also: MUD, müd, and muð

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: mŭd, IPA(key): /mʌd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌd

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English mud, mudde, mode, probably a borrowing from Middle Dutch mod, modde or Middle Low German mudde, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *mud-, *mudra- (mud), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *mū-, *mew- (moist). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Mudde (mud), Middle High German mot (mud), Swedish modd (slush). Compare also suffixed variants West Frisian modder (mud), Dutch modder (mud), German Low German Mudder (mud), German Moder (moldiness, mildew, decay), English mother (vinegar-forming sediment in alcohol).

Alternative etymology suggests the Proto-Germanic word is possibly borrowed from a Uralic language (compare e.g. Finnish muta (mud), Northern Sami mođđi (mud), from Proto-Uralic *muďa).[1]

Noun[edit]

mud (countable and uncountable, plural muds)

  1. A mixture of water and soil or fine grained sediment.
  2. A plaster-like mixture used to texture or smooth drywall.
  3. (construction industry slang) Wet concrete as it is being mixed, delivered and poured.
  4. (figuratively) Willfully abusive, even slanderous remarks or claims, notably between political opponents.
    The campaign issues got lost in all the mud from both parties.
  5. (slang) Money, dough, especially when proceeding from dirty business.
  6. (gay sex, slang) Stool that is exposed as a result of anal sex.
  7. (geology) A particle less than 62.5 microns in diameter, following the Wentworth scale
  8. (slang, derogatory, ethnic slur) A black person.
    • 2013, Bill Pezza, Homegrown:
      That includes muds, spics, kikes and niggers.
    • 2015, Christian Picciolini, Romantic Violence: Memoirs of an American Skinhead:
      How could they be so gullible to think peace and love could be achieved with the muds burning down our cities []
  9. Drilling fluid.
  10. (slang) Coffee.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

mud (third-person singular simple present muds, present participle mudding, simple past and past participle mudded)

  1. (transitive) To make muddy or dirty; to apply mud to (something).
  2. (transitive) To make turbid.
  3. (intransitive) To go under the mud, as an eel does.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From MUD.

Verb[edit]

mud (third-person singular simple present muds, present participle mudding, simple past and past participle mudded)

  1. (intransitive, Internet) To participate in a MUD or multi-user dungeon.
    • 1997, Philip Agre, Douglas Schuler, Reinventing technology, rediscovering community (page 153)
      Wizards, in general, have a very different experience of mudding than other players. Because of their palpable and extensive extra powers over other players, and because of their special role in MUD society, they are frequently treated differently []

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aikio, Ante. 2002. "New and Old Samoyed Etymologies". Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen 57, pp. 9–57.

Anagrams[edit]


Breton[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mud

  1. mute

Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Latin modius (bushel).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mud n (plural mudden, diminutive mudje n or muddeken n)

  1. An old measure of volume, varying in content over time and regions; nowadays usually 1 hectoliter
    Een mud is zo'n 70 kilo aardappelen
    One mud is about 70 kg potatoes
  2. A wooden container having such content; again used as measure for bulk wares sold in it, such as cereals
  3. A land measure, presumably supposedly the area sown which that much seed
  4. A small measure for liquids, about 1 deciliter

Derived terms[edit]


Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

mud

  1. Romanization of 𒄷𒄭 (mud)

Volapük[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mud

  1. mouth

Declension[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin mūtus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mud (feminine singular mud, plural mudion, not comparable)

  1. mute, dumb, silent (unable or unwilling to speak)

Derived terms[edit]

nouns

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
mud fud unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “mud”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies