limus

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Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *limo ‎(oblique), with no known cognates outside of Italic.

Adjective[edit]

līmus m ‎(feminine līma, neuter līmum); first/second declension

  1. sidelong, askew, askance, sideways
Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative līmus līma līmum līmī līmae līma
genitive līmī līmae līmī līmōrum līmārum līmōrum
dative līmō līmō līmīs
accusative līmum līmam līmum līmōs līmās līma
ablative līmō līmā līmō līmīs
vocative līme līma līmum līmī līmae līma
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *(s)ley- ‎(slime, slimy, sticky, slippery). Cognates include λίμνη ‎(límnē, marsh, pool, lake), Sanskrit लिनाति ‎(lināti, sticks, stays, adheres to; slips into, disappears), Russian слимак ‎(slimak, snail), Old Church Slavonic слина ‎(slina, spittle), Old Irish sligim ‎(to smear), leinam ‎(I follow, literally I stick to), Irish lean, Welsh llyfn ‎(smooth), English slime. According to De Vaan, Ancient Greek λεῖμαξ ‎(leîmax, snail) is probably conversely borrowed from Latin.

Noun[edit]

līmus m ‎(genitive līmī); second declension

  1. mud, slime, muck
  2. (figuratively) feces within the bowels.
  3. filth, pollution
Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative līmus līmī
genitive līmī līmōrum
dative līmō līmīs
accusative līmum līmōs
ablative līmō līmīs
vocative līme līmī
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Perhaps from ligō ‎(tie, bind)

Noun[edit]

līmus m ‎(genitive līmī); second declension

  1. a priest's apron.
Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative līmus līmī
genitive līmī līmōrum
dative līmō līmīs
accusative līmum līmōs
ablative līmō līmīs
vocative līme līmī
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • (adjective) limus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • (mud) limus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • (apron) limus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • limus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • limus in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • limus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • limus in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • limus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill