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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative forms[edit]


Probably from a Proto-Indo-European root meaning “to bend, skew”, but which root in particular is uncertain: possibilities include *h₂el- (extended as *h₂l-ey-), *Heh₃l- (extended as *(H)h₃l-ey-), and *leyH-. Perhaps cognate with Latin līmus (askew), but with a slightly different derivation, and/or Lithuanian liemuo (log, torso).[1] Also compare *liþuz (joint, bend, limb).[1]



*limuz m

  1. (anatomy) limb; member
    Synonym: *liþuz
  2. (of a tree) branch; twig
    Synonyms: *astaz, *telguz, *tōgô, *twīgą


u-stemDeclension of *limuz (u-stem)
singular plural
nominative *limuz *limiwiz
vocative *limu *limiwiz
accusative *limų *limunz
genitive *limauz *limiwǫ̂
dative *limiwi *limumaz
instrumental *limū *limumiz

Related terms[edit]


  • Proto-West Germanic: *limu
    • Old English: lim, lym n
    • Old Saxon: *limu, *lim
      • Middle Low German: lem n (limb) (possibly borrowed from Scandinavian)
    • Old Dutch: *limu
      • Middle Dutch: lēme (fishbone, stubble of flax)
        • Dutch: leem (pine needle)
      • Old Dutch: druhtlimig
  • Old Norse: limr m; lim f; lim n


  1. 1.0 1.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) “*likkra-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 338