im

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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Symbol[edit]

im

  1. (informal) A Roman numeral representing nine hundred ninety-nine (999).

See also[edit]


Afar[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ím m 

  1. thing

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[5], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Demonstrative pronoun Proto-Albanian *is + (unstressed) 1st sg. pronoun Proto-Albanian *me, from Proto-Indo-European *is and Proto-Indo-European *me.[1][2]

Pronoun[edit]

im m (accusative/dative/ablative tim, genitive (i) tim, nominative, accusative plural e mi, genitive plural (i) të mi, dative/ablative plural të mi)[3][4][5]

  1. my, of mine (possessive pronoun in nominative form, adjectival aspect)[6][7]
    1.1. possessive pronoun placed → after noun, gender of the pronoun agrees with the gender of possessum/noun:
    (Gheg) syn i ẽm (jẽm)(one/an) eye of mine (one of my eye)
    1.1.b. definite/singular noun + im m (Gheg: with jẽm m; a compound of prepositive article i + pronoun ẽm m):
    libri imthe book of mine (my book)
    syri immy eye
    (Gheg) syni i ẽm (syni jẽm)my eye
    ati im, vëllai im, biri immy father, my brother, my son
    1.2.a. indefinite/plural noun + (linking morpheme) + (pronoun) mi m:
    dy sy të mi(two) both of my eyes
    1.2.b. definite/plural noun + (link. morph.) e + mi m:
    librat e mimy books (the books of mine)
    sytë e mimy (the eyes of mine)
  2. my (possessive pronoun, adjectival aspect)
    2.1. pronoun placed → before noun, pronoun gender agrees with possessum gender, → restricted to kinship terms, family members:
    2.1.a. indefinite/singular noun + im m:
    im gjysh, im atë, im birmy grandfather, my father, my son
    Im atë, i dashuri ati im.My father, my beloved father.
  3. mine (possessive pronoun, nominal aspect)
    3.1. pronoun stands alone, nominal declension of pronoun, pronoun gender agrees with possessum gender (fem. possessor → masc. possessum → masc. pronoun), im m (my) → imi m (mine):
    Singular: imimine
    (Gheg) i ẽmi (jẽmi)(of/the) mine
    Plural: të mitëmine
    Ti je imi m.You are mine.
    (Gheg) Ti je i m ẽmi m (jẽmi).You are (of/the) mine.
    Është imi.It is mine.
    (Gheg) Õsht i ẽmi (jẽmi).It is (of/the) mine.
Declension[edit]
  • 1. Possessive pronouns (adjectival)
  • 2. Possessive pronouns (adjectival)

There are also alternative forms which can be used before the noun (which will be in the indefinite state). These forms are restricted to personal relationships like family members, for example:

  • im vëlla (my brother), ime motër (my sister)

These forms are limited to singulars.

  • 3. Possessive pronouns (nominal)

Noun[edit]

im m (definite singular imi, definite plural të mitë)[8]

  1. a kinsman; a member of the same clan, tribe or family (kinship, singular)
    Synonyms: afërm, fis, fisnik, kushëri
    Një imi.A kinsman (One of mine).
  2. one's (own); kinsfolk; family members (kinship, plural)
    Synonyms: familje, familjarët, farefis, gjini
    A: Kush erdhi? - B: Erdhën të mitë.A: Who came? - B: My family came.
  3. a close friend or partner; a beloved and trusted person (sg.+pl., person (or people) connected through relationship (or friendship))
    Synonyms: besnik, dashur, mik, shok
Related terms[edit]
  • ime f (my, of mine)
  • ma (me), (id)
  • mu (to me), mua (id)

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From imë, a variant of imtë (tiny, small).[9]

Verb[edit]

im (first-person singular past tense ima, participle imur)

  1. (active, transitive) I crumble, grind, shred, refine
    Synonyms: imtoj, imtësoj, bluaj, thërrmoj, zbërthej
Declension[edit]
  • (note: only 3rd person sg/pl passive forms; passive imet (it is grinding))
Related terms[edit]
Further reading[edit]
  • [6] (m.sg.) poss. pronoun im (my) • Fjalori Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)
  • [7] (m.pl.) poss. pronoun (e) mi (my) • Fjalori Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)
  • [8] (f.sg.) poss. pronoun ime (my) • Fjalori Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)
  • [9] (f.pl.) poss. pronoun (e) mia (my) • Fjalori Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)
References[edit]
  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (2000) A concise historical grammar of the Albanian language: reconstruction of Proto-Albanian[1], Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 241 → personal pronouns §3.2.4.1., from IE *me
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “pronoun im (my)”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 154
  3. ^ Oda Buchholz, Wilfried Fiedler, Gerda Uhlisch (2000) Langenscheidt Handwörterbuch Albanisch, Langenscheidt Verlag, →ISBN, page 196 → (m.) possessive pronoun im (my) / (f.) poss. pronoun ime (my)
  4. ^ Oda Buchholz, Wilfried Fiedler, Gerda Uhlisch (2000) Langenscheidt Handwörterbuch Albanisch, Langenscheidt Verlag, →ISBN, page 323 → (m.pl) possessive pronoun (e/të) mi (my, (of) mine); (f.pl) poss. pronoun (e/të mia (my, (of) mine)
  5. ^ Oda Buchholz, Wilfried Fiedler, Gerda Uhlisch (2000) Langenscheidt Handwörterbuch Albanisch, Langenscheidt Verlag, →ISBN, page 570 → (m./sg.) dat./abl. possessive pronoun tim (my, of mine); genitive poss. pronoun (i) tim (my, of mine)
  6. ^ Martin Camaj (1984) Albanian grammar : with exercices, chrestomathy and glossaries, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden, →ISBN, [[2] → (m.) possessive pronouns im, imi (my (of mine), mine); ime, imja (my (of mine), mine) (see → §134. - §136.: possessive pronouns and declension) page 102-103]
  7. ^ Olga Mišeska Tomić (2006) Balkan Sprachbund, Morpho-syntactic Features, Springer Science & Business Media, The Netherlands, →ISBN, [[3] page 199-201]
  8. ^ [4] 7.) m./sg. noun im/imi; f.sg. noun ime/imja(kinsman, kinswoman) / m./pl. noun (të) mitë; f./pl. noun (të) mijat (kinfolks (m., f.)) • in FJALË, Fjalor Shqip (WORDS, Albanian Dictionary)
  9. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “im”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 154

Degenan[edit]

Noun[edit]

im

  1. water

Further reading[edit]


Dupaningan Agta[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

im

  1. but
  2. than (comparative marker)

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Contraction.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɪm/
  • (file)

Contraction[edit]

im

  1. Contraction of in dem; in the

Usage notes[edit]

  • The contraction im is obligatory when the definite article has no deixis whatsoever. In this case it is ungrammatical to use in dem as separate words:
Wir sitzen im Garten.We're sitting in the garden.
Er arbeitet im technischen Bereich.He works in the technical field.
  • On the other hand, im is usually not applicable when the definite article has an indicative function. This includes contexts in which English would use a demonstrative pronoun (“this” or “that”) but also some others. Particularly, in dem is used before a defining relative clause.
In dem Haus haben wir mal gewohnt.We used to live in that house [over there].
Mein Großvater starb in dem Haus, wo ich geboren wurde.My grandfather died in the house where I was born.

Declension[edit]

The preposition in can be used with both accusative and dative objects, but it only contracts with dem as im and with das as ins. Thus, the combination of in with the definite article has the following forms:

masculine neuter feminine plural
accusative in den ins in die in die
dative im im in der in den

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

im

  1. Romanization of 𐌹𐌼

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish imb, from Proto-Celtic *amben (compare Welsh ymenyn), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃engʷen- (compare Latin unguen (grease), Old High German ancho (butter)).[1]

Irish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ga

Pronunciation[edit]

im

Noun[edit]

im m (genitive singular ime, nominative plural imeanna)

  1. butter
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

im (triggers lenition)

  1. (Munster) Contraction of i mo (in my).
    Chuireas an peann im phóca.
    I put the pen in my pocket.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Preposition[edit]

im (plus dative, triggers lenition, does not mutate b, m, or p)

  1. Alternative form of um

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
im n-im him t-im
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*amben-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 69

Further reading[edit]


Iu Mien[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hmong-Mien *ʔim (bitter). Cognate with White Hmong iab and Western Xiangxi Miao [Fenghuang] anb.

Adjective[edit]

im 

  1. bitter

Jamaican Creole[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English him.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈim/
  • Hyphenation: im

Pronoun[edit]

im

  1. he
    • 2005, Kamau Brathwaite, The Development of Creole Society in Jamaica, 1770-1820 (in English), →ISBN, page 239:
      “An im seh, Yu nyaam me peas today? Him seh, nuo ma, me no eat non. []
      And he said, did you eat my peas today? He said, no ma, I didn't eat them. []
    Mek im tek weh himself.He needs to go away.
  2. him
    • 1984, Laura Tanna, Jamaican Folk Tales and Oral Histories, →ISBN, page 11:
      “What de poor Bug do? Tek im pon im back an him travel, an him travel, an im travel. []
      What did poor Bug do? He let him go on his back and he travelled on and on. []
    Shi sen' im a letter wah day.She sent him a letter recently.
  3. his
    • 1984, Laura Tanna, Jamaican Folk Tales and Oral Histories, →ISBN, page 11:
      “What de poor Bug do? Tek im pon im back an him travel, an him travel, an im travel. []
      What did poor Bug do? He let him go on his back and he travelled on and on. []
    Den im res' im han' pan di bench.Then he rested his hand on the bench.
  4. her[1]
    'Im frack look good.Her dress looks good.
  5. she[2]
    Tanya deh yah? — Yeah, man. Im deh yah.Is Tanya here? — Yes, she's here.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Allsopp (main editor), Dictionary of Caribbean English Usage, 2003 (reprint by The University of the West Indies Press, originally 1996 by Oxford University Press), ISBN 9789766401450 (originally ISBN-10: 976-640-145-4), page 292
  2. ^ Richard Allsopp (main editor), Dictionary of Caribbean English Usage, 2003 (reprint by The University of the West Indies Press, originally 1996 by Oxford University Press), ISBN 9789766401450 (originally ISBN-10: 976-640-145-4), page 292

Further reading[edit]

  • im – jamaicans.com Jamaican Patois dictionary

Livonian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • i'm

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *imeh.

Noun[edit]

im

  1. miracle

Marshallese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

im

  1. and

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

im

  1. a skirmish
  2. a bout
  3. a brawl
  4. a duel
  5. a riot
  6. a hassle

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

im

  1. Alternative form of him (him)

Nalca[edit]

Noun[edit]

im

  1. sky
  2. heaven

Derived terms[edit]


Nigerian Pidgin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English him.

Pronoun[edit]

im

  1. he
  2. his
  3. she
  4. it

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Verb[edit]

im

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bûn.
    Synonym: me

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Univerbation of hi (in) +‎ mo (my)

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

im

  1. in my
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 14c23
      co beid .i. co mbed a ndéde sin im labrad-sa .i. gáu et fír .i. combad sain a n‑as·berin ó bélib et aní imme·rádin ó chridiu
      so that there may be, i.e. so that those two things might be in my speaking, namely false and true, i.e. so that what I might say with [my] mouth and what I might think with [my] heart might be different

Old Saxon[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *iz.

Pronoun[edit]

im

  1. dative of sia: them

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Low German: one, gim, jum

Pnar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Khasian *ʔim. Cognate with Khasi im and Proto-Palaungic *ʔiim (alive, raw) (whence Riang [Sak] ʔiːm¹ and Blang [La Gang] ʔɪ́m).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

im

  1. to live

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

im

  1. dative of oni
    Ktoś musiał im powiedzieć.Someone must have told them.
  2. dative of one

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

im

  1. Introduces a parallel, conditional or comparative statement, placed before the thing being compared to.
    im więcej..., tym mniej...the more ..., the less ...
    Im większy głód, tym lepiej smakuje.The greater the hunger, the better [the food] tastes.

Further reading[edit]

  • im in Polish dictionaries at PWN



Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin līmus, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂leyH- (to smear).

Noun[edit]

im n (plural imuri)

  1. (uncommon, regional) mud, dirt, filth

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Scots[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

im

  1. (South Scots, personal) him

Verb[edit]

im

  1. (South Scots) First person singular simple present form of ti be

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

im (Cyrillic spelling им)

  1. to them (clitic dative plural of ȏn (he))
  2. to them (clitic dative plural of òno (it))
  3. to them (clitic dative plural of òna (she))
  4. (clitic, emphatic, possessive, dative) their, of theirs
    Gdje im je auto?
    Where is their car?

Declension[edit]


Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

im

  1. Romanization of 𒅎 (im)
  2. Romanization of 𒉎 (im)

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

im (, , , , )

  1. calm; silent; quiet

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

Verb[edit]

im (, , , , )

  1. to be quiet; to not talk anymore

Welsh[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

im

  1. (literary) first-person singular of i