ona

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See also: Ona, ONA, óna, òna, oña, öna, -ona, and on a

Azerbaijani[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ona

  1. dative of o

Catalan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan, from Latin unda, from Proto-Indo-European *unt-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ona f (plural ones)

  1. wave

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Chickasaw[edit]

Noun[edit]

ona

  1. tomorrow

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ona, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈona/
  • (file)

Pronoun[edit]

ona

  1. she
  2. nominative plural of ono

Declension[edit]


Hawaiian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ona

  1. his, her, its (o-type possessive)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used after negatives, numbers, locative nouns, certain prepositions, and after nouns preceded by an article or a k-determiner.

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

ona

  1. infatuated, attracted

Kikuyu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Hinde (1904) records kuona “find” and kuonna “see” as equivalents of English find and see in “Jogowini dialect” of Kikuyu, listing also Swahili kuona (to find, to see) as their equivalent.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ona (infinitive kuona or kũona)

  1. to see[2][3][4]
  2. to find[2][3][4]
  3. to get into, to find oneself (unusual situation)[4]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

(Verbs)

(Nouns)

(Proverbs)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hinde, Hildegarde (1904). Vocabularies of the Kamba and Kikuyu languages of East Africa, pp. 24–25, 52–53. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Armstrong, Lilias E. (1940). The Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu, p. 362. Rep. 1967. (Also in 2018 by Routledge).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Barlow, A. Ruffell (1960). Studies in Kikuyu Grammar and Idiom, p. 36.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 “ona” in Benson, T.G. (1964). Kikuyu-English dictionary, p. 359. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ona, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ona

  1. she

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ona in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ona, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ǒna/
  • Hyphenation: o‧na

Pronoun[edit]

òna (Cyrillic spelling о̀на)

  1. she
  2. they (nominative plural of òno (it))

Declension[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ona, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ona

  1. she (third person singular f)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ona in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ona, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ôna

  1. she
  2. they (neuter plural, more than two)

Declension[edit]

Forms between parentheses indicate clitic forms; the main forms are used for emphasis.

See also[edit]


Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-bóna. Cognate to Zulu -bona.

Verb[edit]

-ona (infinitive kuona)

  1. to see, to find
  2. to feel, to perceive

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -ona
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kuona kutoona
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative ona oneni
Habitual huona
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive niliona
naliona
tuliona
twaliona
uliona
waliona
mliona
mwaliona
aliona waliona uliona iliona liliona yaliona kiliona viliona iliona ziliona uliona kuliona paliona muliona
Relative nilioona
nalioona
tulioona
twalioona
ulioona
walioona
mlioona
mwalioona
alioona walioona ulioona ilioona lilioona yalioona kilioona vilioona ilioona zilioona ulioona kulioona palioona mulioona
Negative sikuona hatukuona hukuona hamkuona hakuona hawakuona haukuona haikuona halikuona hayakuona hakikuona havikuona haikuona hazikuona haukuona hakukuona hapakuona hamukuona
Present
Positive ninaona
naona
tunaona unaona mnaona anaona wanaona unaona inaona linaona yanaona kinaona vinaona inaona zinaona unaona kunaona panaona munaona
Relative ninaoona
naoona
tunaoona unaoona mnaoona anaoona wanaoona unaoona inaoona linaoona yanaoona kinaoona vinaoona inaoona zinaoona unaoona kunaoona panaoona munaoona
Negative sioni hatuoni huoni hamoni haoni hawaoni hauoni haioni halioni hayaoni hakioni havioni haioni hazioni hauoni hakuoni hapaoni hamuoni
Future
Positive nitaona tutaona utaona mtaona ataona wataona utaona itaona litaona yataona kitaona vitaona itaona zitaona utaona kutaona pataona mutaona
Relative nitakaoona tutakaoona utakaoona mtakaoona atakaoona watakaoona utakaoona itakaoona litakaoona yatakaoona kitakaoona vitakaoona itakaoona zitakaoona utakaoona kutakaoona patakaoona mutakaoona
Negative sitaona hatutaona hutaona hamtaona hataona hawataona hautaona haitaona halitaona hayataona hakitaona havitaona haitaona hazitaona hautaona hakutaona hapataona hamutaona
Subjunctive
Positive nione tuone uone mone aone waone uone ione lione yaone kione vione ione zione uone kuone paone muone
Negative nisione tusione usione msione asione wasione usione isione lisione yasione kisione visione isione zisione usione kusione pasione musione
Present Conditional
Positive ningeona tungeona ungeona mngeona angeona wangeona ungeona ingeona lingeona yangeona kingeona vingeona ingeona zingeona ungeona kungeona pangeona mungeona
Negative nisingeona
singeona
tusingeona
hatungeona
usingeona
hungeona
msingeona
hamngeona
asingeona
hangeona
wasingeona
hawangeona
usingeona
haungeona
isingeona
haingeona
lisingeona
halingeona
yasingeona
hayangeona
kisingeona
hakingeona
visingeona
havingeona
isingeona
haingeona
zisingeona
hazingeona
usingeona
haungeona
kusingeona
hakungeona
pasingeona
hapangeona
musingeona
hamungeona
Past Conditional
Positive ningaliona tungaliona ungaliona mngaliona angaliona wangaliona ungaliona ingaliona lingaliona yangaliona kingaliona vingaliona ingaliona zingaliona ungaliona kungaliona pangaliona mungaliona
Negative nisingaliona
singaliona
tusingaliona
hatungaliona
usingaliona
hungaliona
msingaliona
hamngaliona
asingaliona
hangaliona
wasingaliona
hawangaliona
usingaliona
haungaliona
isingaliona
haingaliona
lisingaliona
halingaliona
yasingaliona
hayangaliona
kisingaliona
hakingaliona
visingaliona
havingaliona
isingaliona
haingaliona
zisingaliona
hazingaliona
usingaliona
haungaliona
kusingaliona
hakungaliona
pasingaliona
hapangaliona
musingaliona
hamungaliona
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningeliona tungeliona ungeliona mngeliona angeliona wangeliona ungeliona ingeliona lingeliona yangeliona kingeliona vingeliona ingeliona zingeliona ungeliona kungeliona pangeliona mungeliona
General Relative
Positive nionao tuonao uonao monao aonao waonao uonao ionao lionao yaonao kionao vionao ionao zionao uonao kuonao paonao muonao
Negative nisioona tusioona usioona msioona asioona wasioona usioona isioona lisioona yasioona kisioona visioona isioona zisioona usioona kusioona pasioona musioona
Gnomic
Positive naona twaona waona mwaona aona waona waona yaona laona yaona chaona vyaona yaona zaona waona kwaona paona mwaona
Perfect
Positive nimeona tumeona umeona mmeona ameona wameona umeona imeona limeona yameona kimeona vimeona imeona zimeona umeona kumeona pameona mumeona
"Already"
Positive nimeshaona tumeshaona umeshaona mmeshaona ameshaona wameshaona umeshaona imeshaona limeshaona yameshaona kimeshaona vimeshaona imeshaona zimeshaona umeshaona kumeshaona pameshaona mumeshaona
"Not yet"
Negative sijaona hatujaona hujaona hamjaona hajaona hawajaona haujaona haijaona halijaona hayajaona hakijaona havijaona haijaona hazijaona haujaona hakujaona hapajaona hamujaona
"If/When"
Positive nikiona tukiona ukiona mkiona akiona wakiona ukiona ikiona likiona yakiona kikiona vikiona ikiona zikiona ukiona kukiona pakiona mukiona
"If not"
Negative nisipoona tusipoona usipoona msipoona asipoona wasipoona usipoona isipoona lisipoona yasipoona kisipoona visipoona isipoona zisipoona usipoona kusipoona pasipoona musipoona
Consecutive
Positive nikaona tukaona ukaona mkaona akaona wakaona ukaona ikaona likaona yakaona kikaona vikaona ikaona zikaona ukaona kukaona pakaona mukaona
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Derived terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ona

  1. definite plural of o

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English honor.

Noun[edit]

ona

  1. honor; glory; praise

Turkish[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ona

  1. to him

Uzbek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ana.

Noun[edit]

ona (plural onalar)

  1. mother

Vilamovian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German [Term?], from Old High German āna, ānu, āno (without), from Proto-Germanic *ēnu, *ēnō (without), from Proto-Indo-European *anew, *enew (without). Cognate with German ohne.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ona

  1. without, lacking

Volapük[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ona

  1. (possessive) (genitive singular of on) its

Synonyms[edit]


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-ôna

  1. (transitive) to ruin, to spoil
  2. (intransitive) to sin

Inflection[edit]

Tone HH
Infinitive ukona
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukona ukungoni
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yona yone
Plural yonani yoneni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyona, ngona engonayo, engona ngona angoni engingoni ngingoni
2nd singular uyona, wona owonayo, owona wona awoni ongoni ungoni
1st plural siyona, sona esonayo, esona sona asoni esingoni singoni
2nd plural niyona, nona enonayo, enona nona anoni eningoni ningoni
Class 1 uyona, wona owonayo, owona ona akoni ongoni engoni
Class 2 bayona, bona abonayo, abona bona aboni abangoni bengoni
Class 3 uyona, wona owonayo, owona wona awoni ongoni ungoni
Class 4 iyona, yona eyonayo, eyona yona ayoni engoni ingoni
Class 5 liyona, lona elonayo, elona lona aloni elingoni lingoni
Class 6 ayona, ona onayo, ona ona awoni angoni engoni
Class 7 siyona, sona esonayo, esona sona asoni esingoni singoni
Class 8 ziyona, zona ezonayo, ezona zona azoni ezingoni zingoni
Class 9 iyona, yona eyonayo, eyona yona ayoni engoni ingoni
Class 10 ziyona, zona ezonayo, ezona zona azoni ezingoni zingoni
Class 11 luyona, lona olonayo, olona lona aloni olungoni lungoni
Class 14 buyona, bona obonayo, obona bona aboni obungoni bungoni
Class 15 kuyona, kona okonayo, okona kona akoni okungoni kungoni
Class 17 kuyona, kona okonayo, okona kona akoni okungoni kungoni
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngonile, ngonē engonile, engonē ngonile, ngonē angonanga engingonanga ngingonanga
2nd singular wonile, wonē owonile, owonē wonile, wonē awonanga ongonanga ungonanga
1st plural sonile, sonē esonile, esonē sonile, sonē asonanga esingonanga singonanga
2nd plural nonile, nonē enonile, enonē nonile, nonē anonanga eningonanga ningonanga
Class 1 wonile, wonē owonile, owonē onile, onē akonanga ongonanga engonanga
Class 2 bonile, bonē abonile, abonē bonile, bonē abonanga abangonanga bengonanga
Class 3 wonile, wonē owonile, owonē wonile, wonē awonanga ongonanga ungonanga
Class 4 yonile, yonē eyonile, eyonē yonile, yonē ayonanga engonanga ingonanga
Class 5 lonile, lonē elonile, elonē lonile, lonē alonanga elingonanga lingonanga
Class 6 onile, onē onile, onē onile, onē awonanga angonanga engonanga
Class 7 sonile, sonē esonile, esonē sonile, sonē asonanga esingonanga singonanga
Class 8 zonile, zonē ezonile, ezonē zonile, zonē azonanga ezingonanga zingonanga
Class 9 yonile, yonē eyonile, eyonē yonile, yonē ayonanga engonanga ingonanga
Class 10 zonile, zonē ezonile, ezonē zonile, zonē azonanga ezingonanga zingonanga
Class 11 lonile, lonē olonile, olonē lonile, lonē alonanga olungonanga lungonanga
Class 14 bonile, bonē obonile, obonē bonile, bonē abonanga obungonanga bungonanga
Class 15 konile, konē okonile, okonē konile, konē akonanga okungonanga kungonanga
Class 17 konile, konē okonile, okonē konile, konē akonanga okungonanga kungonanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngōna engōna ngōna angonanga engingonanga ngingonanga
2nd singular wōna owōna wōna awonanga ongonanga ungonanga
1st plural sōna esōna sōna asonanga esingonanga singonanga
2nd plural nōna enōna nōna anonanga eningonanga ningonanga
Class 1 wōna owōna ōna akonanga ongonanga engonanga
Class 2 bōna abōna bōna abonanga abangonanga bengonanga
Class 3 wōna owōna wōna awonanga ongonanga ungonanga
Class 4 yōna eyōna yōna ayonanga engonanga ingonanga
Class 5 lōna elōna lōna alonanga elingonanga lingonanga
Class 6 ōna ōna ōna awonanga angonanga engonanga
Class 7 sōna esōna sōna asonanga esingonanga singonanga
Class 8 zōna ezōna zōna azonanga ezingonanga zingonanga
Class 9 yōna eyōna yōna ayonanga engonanga ingonanga
Class 10 zōna ezōna zōna azonanga ezingonanga zingonanga
Class 11 lōna olōna lōna alonanga olungonanga lungonanga
Class 14 bōna obōna bōna abonanga obungonanga bungonanga
Class 15 kōna okōna kōna akonanga okungonanga kungonanga
Class 17 kōna okōna kōna akonanga okungonanga kungonanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingona ngingona ngingone ngingone
2nd singular ungona ungona ungone ungone
1st plural singona singona singone singone
2nd plural ningona ningona ningone ningone
Class 1 angona engona angone engone
Class 2 bangona bengona bangone bengone
Class 3 ungona ungona ungone ungone
Class 4 ingona ingona ingone ingone
Class 5 lingona lingona lingone lingone
Class 6 angona engona angone engone
Class 7 singona singona singone singone
Class 8 zingona zingona zingone zingone
Class 9 ingona ingona ingone ingone
Class 10 zingona zingona zingone zingone
Class 11 lungona lungona lungone lungone
Class 14 bungona bungona bungone bungone
Class 15 kungona kungona kungone kungone
Class 17 kungona kungona kungone kungone
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokona engizokona ngizokona angizukona ngingezukona
2nd singular uzokona ozokona uzokona awuzukona ungezukona
1st plural sizokona esizokona sizokona asizukona singezukona
2nd plural nizokona enizokona nizokona anizukona ningezukona
Class 1 uzokona ozokona ezokona akazukona engezukona
Class 2 bazokona abazokona bezokona abazukona bengezukona
Class 3 uzokona ozokona uzokona awuzukona ungezukona
Class 4 izokona ezokona izokona ayizukona ingezukona
Class 5 lizokona elizokona lizokona alizukona lingezukona
Class 6 azokona azokona ezokona awazukona engezukona
Class 7 sizokona esizokona sizokona asizukona singezukona
Class 8 zizokona ezizokona zizokona azizukona zingezukona
Class 9 izokona ezokona izokona ayizukona ingezukona
Class 10 zizokona ezizokona zizokona azizukona zingezukona
Class 11 luzokona oluzokona luzokona aluzukona lungezukona
Class 14 buzokona obuzokona buzokona abuzukona bungezukona
Class 15 kuzokona okuzokona kuzokona akuzukona kungezukona
Class 17 kuzokona okuzokona kuzokona akuzukona kungezukona
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokona engiyokona ngiyokona angiyukona ngingeyukona
2nd singular uyokona oyokona uyokona awuyukona ungeyukona
1st plural siyokona esiyokona siyokona asiyukona singeyukona
2nd plural niyokona eniyokona niyokona aniyukona ningeyukona
Class 1 uyokona oyokona eyokona akayukona engeyukona
Class 2 bayokona abayokona beyokona abayukona bengeyukona
Class 3 uyokona oyokona uyokona awuyukona ungeyukona
Class 4 iyokona eyokona iyokona ayiyukona ingeyukona
Class 5 liyokona eliyokona liyokona aliyukona lingeyukona
Class 6 ayokona ayokona eyokona awayukona engeyukona
Class 7 siyokona esiyokona siyokona asiyukona singeyukona
Class 8 ziyokona eziyokona ziyokona aziyukona zingeyukona
Class 9 iyokona eyokona iyokona ayiyukona ingeyukona
Class 10 ziyokona eziyokona ziyokona aziyukona zingeyukona
Class 11 luyokona oluyokona luyokona aluyukona lungeyukona
Class 14 buyokona obuyokona buyokona abuyukona bungeyukona
Class 15 kuyokona okuyokona kuyokona akuyukona kungeyukona
Class 17 kuyokona okuyokona kuyokona akuyukona kungeyukona
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngone ngingoni
2nd singular wone ungoni
1st plural sone singoni
2nd plural none ningoni
Class 1 one angoni
Class 2 bone bangoni
Class 3 wone ungoni
Class 4 yone ingoni
Class 5 lone lingoni
Class 6 one angoni
Class 7 sone singoni
Class 8 zone zingoni
Class 9 yone ingoni
Class 10 zone zingoni
Class 11 lone lungoni
Class 14 bone bungoni
Class 15 kone kungoni
Class 17 kone kungoni
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngona ngangona, angona, angangona
2nd singular wona wangona, awona, awangona
1st plural sona sangona, asona, asangona
2nd plural nona nangona, anona, anangona
Class 1 wona wangona, akona, akangona
Class 2 bona bangona, abona, abangona
Class 3 wona wangona, awona, awangona
Class 4 yona yangona, ayona, ayangona
Class 5 lona langona, alona, alangona
Class 6 ona angona, awona, awangona
Class 7 sona sangona, asona, asangona
Class 8 zona zangona, azona, azangona
Class 9 yona yangona, ayona, ayangona
Class 10 zona zangona, azona, azangona
Class 11 lona lwangona, alona, alwangona
Class 14 bona bangona, abona, abangona
Class 15 kona kwangona, akona, akwangona
Class 17 kona kwangona, akona, akwangona

References[edit]