ohne

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: ohně

Central Franconian

[edit]

Alternative forms

[edit]
  • ohn (see usage notes below)
  • ohni, ohnt (scattered variants)

Etymology

[edit]

From Middle High German āne, from Proto-Germanic *ēnu. The (partial) retention of the final schwa is irregular; the word must be inherited, however, because of the /ɔː/-vocalism, which is the regular outcome of Middle High German ā. Only the southernmost dialects show a raised vowel in line with Standard German ohne, but it is surely inherited there as well.

Pronunciation

[edit]
  • IPA(key): /ˈɔːnə/ (Ripuarian, northern Moselle Franconian)
  • IPA(key): /ˈoːnə/ (southern Moselle Franconian)

Preposition

[edit]

ohne (+ accusative/direct case)

  1. (most dialects) without
    Synonyms: songer, zonger (western Ripuarian, archaic)

Usage notes

[edit]
  • The final -e is generally retained when the following word is stressed: ohne mich (without me). It may optionally be lost when the following word is unstressed: ohn(e) meng Frau (without my wife).

Derived terms

[edit]

Czech

[edit]

Pronunciation

[edit]

Verb

[edit]

ohne

  1. third-person singular future of ohnout

German

[edit]

Alternative forms

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Middle High German āne (without), from Old High German āna, ānu, āno (without), from Proto-Germanic *ēnu, *ēnō (without), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁(n̥)new.

Cognate with Yiddish אָן (on), Old Saxon āno (without), Old Frisian ōni (without), Old Norse án, ón (without), English on, ohn (without), Ancient Greek ἄνευ (áneu, without), Gothic 𐌹𐌽𐌿 (inu, without).

Pronunciation

[edit]
  • IPA(key): /ˈoːnə/
  • Audio:(file)

Conjunction

[edit]

ohne

  1. without [with dass (+ clause) or zu (+ infinitive) ‘doing something’]
    Ich habe viele Jahre vergeudet, ohne dir zu sagen, was du mir bedeutest.
    I wasted many years without telling you what you mean to me.

Preposition

[edit]

ohne [with accusative]

  1. without
    Antonym: mit
    Ohne dich bin ich nichts.
    Without you I am nothing.

Derived terms

[edit]

Adverb

[edit]

ohne

  1. without
    Ich mag Fußball, aber ich kann auch ohne leben.
    I like soccer, but I could live without.

Usage notes

[edit]
  • This use as an adverb is standard usage but generally avoided in (very) formal style.

Further reading

[edit]
  • ohne” in Duden online
  • ohne” in Duden online
  • ohne” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Hunsrik

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Middle High German āne (without), from Old High German āna, ānu, āno (without), from Proto-Germanic *ēnu, *ēnō (without), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁(n̥)new.

Pronunciation

[edit]

Preposition

[edit]

ohne

  1. (+accusative) without
    Ohne Rehn kannd-ma’s net planze.
    Without rain you can not plant it.
    Das Esse ist ohne Salz.
    The food is without salt.
    Ich wolld blos en Nacht ohne das Barullie.
    I wanted only one night without noise.
    • 2020, Aesop, Piter Keo, De Wollef un das Lamm (yt):
      "Noja", saad de Wollef, "awer ich gehn net fort ohne mein Esse".
      "Ah well," the wolf said, "but I won't leave without my food."

Antonyms

[edit]

Further reading

[edit]

Slovak

[edit]

Pronunciation

[edit]

Noun

[edit]

ohne

  1. nominative/accusative plural of oheň