она

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See also: оня and -оња

Azerbaijani[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

она

  1. Cyrillic spelling of ona

Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ona.

Pronoun[edit]

она (ona)

  1. she
  2. nominative singular feminine of онъ (onŭ)
  3. nominative/accusative dual masculine of онъ (onŭ)
  4. nominative/accusative plural neuter of онъ (onŭ)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ona.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɐˈna]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -a

Pronoun[edit]

она́ (oná) (masculine counterpart он, neuter counterpart оно́)

  1. she, it (third-person feminine singular pronoun)
    Да как же она́, так и говори́т?Da kak že oná, tak i govorít?What is she like? Does she talk?
    Её нет до́ма (genitive)Jejó net dómaShe’s not home.
    Ей не спи́тся. (dative)Jej ne spítsja.She is unable to sleep.
    Я ви́жу её. (accusative)Ja vížu jejó.I see her.
    За не́ю пять рубле́й. (instrumental)Za néju pjatʹ rubléj.She owes five rubles.
    Он э́то при ней сказа́л. (prepositional)On éto pri nej skazál.He said it in her presence.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Whenever a preposition stands immediately before any of the oblique cases of the third-person pronoun (singular or plural) and directly governs it, then an н- is prefixed to the pronoun: от неё (ot nejó, from her), на ней (na nej, on her), у неё (u nejó, she has), к ней (k nej, to her), с не́ю (s néju, with her).
  • This comes from Proto-Slavic prepositions such as *sъ(n) (sŭ(n), "with", cf. Greek σύν (σύν), Latin cum), that originally ended in -n and governed oblique cases. Since the prepositions and the pronouns occurred together so often, it was easy to lose track of which word the final -n belonged to, and the n was reinterpreted as part of the pronouns (Old English an, in the same way, lost its -n except before vowels, and sometimes gave it to the following word, as in English adder from Old English nædre), so that Proto-Slavic *sъ(n) *jьmi became modern Russian с ни́ми (s ními), and this new rule was extended to all prepositions governing any third-person pronoun.
  • Note that if the preposition does not directly govern её (jejó) (i.e., when её is a possessive pronoun), then the н- is not inserted: у её бра́та (u jejó bráta, at her brother’s), о её ма́тери (o jejó máteri, about her mother), в её ко́мнате (v jejó kómnate, in her room).
  • When there is another word separating a preposition and any oblique case of она, the н- is not added: у само́й её (u samój jejó, with her herself).

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ona, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ǒna/
  • Hyphenation: о‧на

Pronoun[edit]

о̀на (Latin spelling òna)

  1. she
  2. they (nominative plural of о̀но (it))

Declension[edit]