дом

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Belarusian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *dȍmъ (house; home).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [dom]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

дом (domm inan (genitive до́ма, nominative plural дамы́, genitive plural дамо́ў)

  1. house; home
    Synonym: ха́та (xáta)
  2. building
    Synonym: буды́нак (budýnak)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • дом” in Belarusian-Russian dictionaries and Belarusian dictionaries at slounik.org

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *dȍmъ (house; home).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

дом (domm

  1. residential building, home, house
    Synonym: къ́ща (kǎ́šta)
  2. family
  3. native place

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • дом in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • дом in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *dȍmъ (house; home).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

дом (domm[1]

  1. home
    Synonym: куќа (kuḱa)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • дом in Makedonisch Info (germansko-makedonski rečnik, makedonsko-germanski rečnik)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tolovski, Dime; Illich-Svitych, Vladislav M. (1963) Македонско-руски речник / Македонско-русский словарь [Macedonian-Russian Dictionary]‎[1] (in Russian), Soviet Union; Moscow: State Publishing House of Foreign and Ethnicity Dictionaries, page 96: “дом”

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *dȍmъ (house; home).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

дом (domm inan (genitive до́ма, nominative plural дома́ or до́мы*, genitive plural домо́в, related adjective дома́шний or домово́й or домо́вый, diminutive до́мик)

  1. house, building (a residential building)
    Synonym: зда́ние (zdánije) (building in general)
    обы́скивать дом за до́момobýskivatʹ dom za dómomto search house by house
    кварти́рный домkvartírnyj domapartment building; block of flats
  2. house, home (as part of a name of an establishment)
    изда́тельский домizdátelʹskij dompublishing house
    сумасше́дший домsumasšédšij dominsane asylum; madhouse
    дом о́тдыхаdom ótdyxaholiday resort
    дом престаре́лыхdom prestarélyxretirement home
  3. plot (in some street addresses: a group of buildings sharing the same street number)
    Моско́вское шоссе́, дом 123, ко́рпус 2, кварти́ра 10Moskóvskoje šossé, dom 123, kórpus 2, kvartíra 10123 Moskovskoye highway, building 2, apartment 10
  4. home
    родно́й домrodnój domnative home
    Дом англича́нинаего́ кре́пость.Dom angličánina — jevó krépostʹ.An Englishman's home is his castle.
  5. dynasty, noble house
    дом Рома́новыхdom Románovyxthe Romanov dynasty
    чума́ на о́ба ва́ши до́маčumá na óba váši dómaa plague on both your houses

Usage notes[edit]

  • The nominative-accusative plural до́мы (dómy), largely unused now, was in earlier Russian (as late as 19th century) sometimes restricted to the accusative case and distinguished from a nominative plural дома́ (domá). Compare the nominative plural домовє (domove), accusative plural домꙑ (domy) of Old Church Slavonic домъ (domŭ).

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *dȍmъ (house; home).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

до̏м m (Latin spelling dȍm)

  1. home, house

Declension[edit]