два

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Belarusian[edit]

Belarusian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : другі (druhi)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

два (dvam and n, дзве f (dzvje)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)

Usage notes[edit]

два and дзве, when in the nominative case or accusative case, even in compounds (22, 32, 42, 102, etc.), govern the genitive of the noun.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]


Bulgarian[edit]

Bulgarian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : втори (vtori)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

Numeral[edit]

два (dva)

  1. (cardinal) two

Inflection[edit]

This numeral needs an inflection-table template.

Coordinate terms[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Macedonian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : втор (vtor)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *dъva.

Numeral[edit]

два (dva)

  1. two

Inflection[edit]


Russian[edit]

Russian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : второ́й (vtorój)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

два (dvam, n, две f (dve)

  1. two (2)

Usage notes[edit]

два and две, when in the nominative case or accusative case, even in compounds (22, 32, 42, 102, etc.), govern the genitive of the noun.

  • два мальчикаdva malʹčikatwo boys (literally, “two of a boy”)
  • две книгиdve knigitwo books (literally, “two of a book”)
  • пятьдесят два мальчикаpjatʹdesjat dva malʹčikafifty-two boys (literally, “fifty-two of a boy”)
  • In the nominative case, all nouns become genitive singular. In the accusative case, animate nouns become genitive plural and inanimate nouns remain in genitive singular.
  • The reason behind the genitive singular here is that, in Old Russian, два governed the dual number, and the old nominative dual form was the same as the masculine genitive singular. When the dual number was lost in Russian, the form came to be considered the genitive singular that it resembled. This was extended to include the numbers три (tri) and четы́ре (četýre), and eventually it was applied by analogy to feminine nouns as well.
  • While the noun in a nominative construction is in the genitive singular following два or две, an intervening adjective or adjectival participle will be in the genitive plural or nominative plural
    • If два is in nominative case, the adjective will be nominative plural when the noun is feminine
    • If два is in accusative case, the adjective will be nominative plural only if the noun is feminine inanimate
    • Another way of seeing this is:
  • Nominative feminine is две + nominative plural adjective + genitive singular noun
  • Nominative masculine is два + genitive plural adjective + genitive singular noun.
  • Cases other than nominative and accusative (genitive, dative, instrumental, and prepositional) use plural forms, and agree in number and case with the noun.
  • Accusative animate is the same as the genitive, and accusative inanimate is the same as the nominative.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]


Rusyn[edit]

Rusyn cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *dъva.

Numeral[edit]

два (dva)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

два̑ (Latin spelling dvȃ)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)

Ukrainian[edit]

Ukrainian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : дру́гий (drúhyj)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

два (dvam, n, дві f (dvi)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)

Declension[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]