сорок

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Russian[edit]

Russian cardinal numbers
 <  39 40 41  > 
    Cardinal : со́рок (sórok)
    Ordinal : сороково́й (sorokovój)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old East Slavic сорокъ (sorokŭ, a bunch of 40 sable pelts; forty), displaced четꙑредесѧте (četyredesęte, forty) (< Proto-Slavic *četyre desęte (forty)).

In the past regarded as borrowed from Ancient Greek τεσσαράκοντα (tessarákonta, 40), but this etymology is problematic because of phonetic and semantic reasons. Most probably from Old East Slavic *съркъ (*sŭrkŭ), from Turkic кърк by dissimilation of k–k to s–k; hence related to Turkish kırk (forty).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

со́рок (sórok)

  1. forty (40)
Declension[edit]

Usage note[edit]

сорок (sorok) in the nominative case and accusative case governs the genitive plural of the noun. In other cases, it governs the corresponding plural case of the noun.

Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

соро́к (sorókf anim pl

  1. genitive plural of соро́ка (soróka)
  2. accusative plural of соро́ка (soróka)

Ukrainian[edit]

Ukrainian cardinal numbers
 <  39 40 41  > 
    Cardinal : сорок (sorok)
    Ordinal : сороко́вий (sorokóvyj)

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic сорокъ (sorokŭ, a bunch of 40 sable pelts), cognates include Russian со́рок (sórok) and Belarusian со́рак (sórak); ultimately from Turkic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

со́рок (sórok)

  1. (cardinal) forty (40)

Declension[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]