сорок

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Russian[edit]

Russian cardinal numbers
 <  39 40 41  > 
    Cardinal : сорок ‎(sorok)
    Ordinal : сороково́й ‎(sorokovój)

Etymology 1[edit]

Usually regarded as borrowed from Ancient Greek τεσσαράκοντα ‎(tessarákonta, 40), but this etymology is problematic because of phonetic and semantic reasons. From Old Russian сорокъ ‎(sorokŭ, a bunch of 40 sable pelts). This word replaced the earlier четыре десѧте (lit., four tens). Most probably from Old East Slavic *съркъ from Turkic кърк (“40”) by dissimilation of k–k to s–k; hence related to Turkish kırk.

Pronunciation[edit]

Cardinal number[edit]

со́рок ‎(sórok)

  1. forty (40)
Usage note: сорок in the nominative case governs the genitive plural of the noun.
  • сорок книгforty books
  • книг сорок — approximately forty books
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

соро́к ‎(sorókf anim pl

  1. genitive plural of соро́ка ‎(soróka)
  2. accusative plural of соро́ка ‎(soróka)

Ukrainian[edit]

Ukrainian cardinal numbers
 <  39 40 41  > 
    Cardinal : сорок ‎(sorok)
    Ordinal : сороко́вий ‎(sorokóvyj)

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic сорокъ ‎(sorokŭ, a bunch of 40 sable pelts), cognates include Russian со́рок ‎(sórok) and Belarusian со́рак ‎(sórak); ultimately from Turkic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

со́рок ‎(sórok)

  1. (cardinal) forty (40)

Declension[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]