сорок

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Russian[edit]

Russian cardinal numbers
 <  39 40 41  > 
    Cardinal : со́рок (sórok)
    Ordinal : сороково́й (sorokovój)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old East Slavic сорокъ (sorokŭ, a bunch of 40 sable pelts; forty), displaced четꙑредесѧте (četyredesęte, forty) (< Proto-Slavic *četyre desęte (forty)).

Usually regarded as borrowed from Ancient Greek τεσσαράκοντα (tessarákonta, 40), but this etymology is problematic because of phonetic and semantic reasons. Most probably from Old East Slavic *съркъ (*sŭrkŭ), from Turkic кърк by dissimilation of k–k to s–k; hence related to Turkish kırk (forty).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

со́рок (sórok)

  1. forty (40)
Declension[edit]

Usage note[edit]

сорок (sorok) in the nominative case and accusative case governs the genitive plural of the noun. In other cases, it governs the corresponding plural case of the noun.

Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

соро́к (sorókf anim pl

  1. genitive plural of соро́ка (soróka)
  2. accusative plural of соро́ка (soróka)

Ukrainian[edit]

Ukrainian cardinal numbers
 <  39 40 41  > 
    Cardinal : сорок (sorok)
    Ordinal : сороко́вий (sorokóvyj)

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic сорокъ (sorokŭ, a bunch of 40 sable pelts), cognates include Russian со́рок (sórok) and Belarusian со́рак (sórak); ultimately from Turkic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

со́рок (sórok)

  1. (cardinal) forty (40)

Declension[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]