двенадцать

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Russian[edit]

Russian numbers (edit)
 ←  11 12 13  → 
    Cardinal: двена́дцать (dvenádcatʹ)
    Ordinal: двена́дцатый (dvenádcatyj)
    Ordinal abbreviation: 12-ый (12-yj)

Etymology[edit]

Compounded from две (dve) +‎ на (na) +‎ дцать (dcatʹ), literally two on ten. The feminine две is used here because the final syllable дцать, an old short form of де́сять (désjatʹ), is a feminine substantive.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [dvʲɪˈnat͡s(ː)ɨtʲ]
  • (file)

Numeral[edit]

двена́дцать (dvenádcatʹ)

  1. twelve (12)
    Synonyms: (archaic) двана́десять (dvanádesjatʹ); дю́жина (djúžina)

Usage notes[edit]

двенадцать (dvenadcatʹ) in the nominative case and accusative case governs the genitive plural of the noun. In other cases, it governs the corresponding plural case of the noun.

Declension[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]