twelve

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English[edit]

English numbers (edit)
 ←  11 12 13  → 
    Cardinal: twelve
    Ordinal: twelfth
    Multiplier: twelvefold
    Fractional: twelfth, dozenth
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Alternative forms[edit]

  • Arabic numerals: 12
  • Roman numerals: XII
  • twelue (obsolete)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English twelve, from Old English twelf (twelve), from Proto-Germanic *twalif, an old compound of *twa- (two) and *-lif (left over) (i.e., two left over after having already counted to ten), from Proto-Indo-European *leykʷ- (leave, remain). Cognate with Saterland Frisian tweelf, tweelif, tweelich (twelve), West Frisian tolve (twelve), Dutch twaalf (twelve), German Low German twalf, twalv (twelve), German zwölf (twelve), Danish, Swedish and Norwegian tolv (twelve), Icelandic tólf (twelve).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK, US) enPR: twĕlv, IPA(key): /twɛlv/, [tw̥ɛɫv]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛlv

Numeral[edit]

twelve

  1. The cardinal number occurring after eleven and before thirteen, represented in Arabic numerals as 12 and in Roman numerals as XII.
    There are twelve months in a year.
  2. (slang) Law enforcement; the police

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: トゥエルブ (tuerubu)

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

twelve (plural twelves)

  1. A group of twelve items.
    Fractions would be a little easier if we counted by twelves.
  2. A twelve-bore gun.
    • 1982, Lawrence Durrell, Constance, Faber & Faber 2004 (Avignon Quintet), page 880:
      In this way Von Esslin ‘inherited’ two fine hammerless twelves which he used once or twice for duck on the Camargue.
  3. (law, colloquial) A jury (normally composed of twelve persons).
  4. (slang) police; law enforcement, especially a narcotics officer

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English twelf, in turn from Proto-Germanic *twalif.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtwɛlv(ə)/, /ˈtwɛlf(ə)/

Numeral[edit]

Middle English numbers (edit)
 ←  11 12 13  → 
    Cardinal: twelve

twelve

  1. twelve

Descendants[edit]