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- (international standards) NATO, ICAO, ITU & IMO radiotelephony code for 12, used only with o'clock to indicate direction
|← 11||12||13 →|
| Cardinal: twelve|
Latinate ordinal: duodecimary
Adverbial: twelve times
Latinate multiplier: duodecuple
Collective: dozen, twelvesome
Greek or Latinate collective: duodecad, duodecade
Greek collective prefix: dodeca-
Latinate collective prefix: duodeca-
Fractional: twelfth, dozenth
Latinate fractional prefix: unci-
Greek prefix: dodecato-
Number of musicians: duodecet
From Middle English twelve, from Old English twelf (“twelve”), from Proto-Germanic *twalif, an old compound of *twa- (“two”) and *-lif (“left over”) (i.e., two left over after having already counted to ten), from Proto-Indo-European *leyp- (“leave, remain”). Cognate with Saterland Frisian tweelf, tweelif, tweelich (“twelve”), West Frisian tolve (“twelve”), Dutch twaalf (“twelve”), German Low German twalf, twalv (“twelve”), German zwölf (“twelve”), Danish, Swedish and Norwegian tolv (“twelve”), Icelandic tólf (“twelve”).
- (UK, US) enPR: twĕlv, IPA(key): /twɛlv/, [tw̥ɛɫv]
- (General Australian, New Zealand) enPR: twəlv, IPA(key): /twəlv/, [tw̥əɫv], enPR: twĕlv, IPA(key): /twelv/, [tw̥eɫv]
- (Southern American English, AAVE, dated) enPR: twĕv, IPA(key): /twɛv/, [tw̥ɛv]
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɛlv
- The cardinal number occurring after eleven and before thirteen, represented in Arabic numerals as 12 and in Roman numerals as XII.
- There are twelve months in a year.
- twelveteen (nonstandard)
- Ordinal: twelfth
- → Japanese: トゥエルブ (tuerubu)
cardinal number 12
twelve (plural twelves)
- A group of twelve items.
- Fractions would be a little easier if we counted by twelves.
- A twelve-bore gun.
- 1982, Lawrence Durrell, Constance (Avignon Quintet), Faber & Faber, published 2004, page 880:
- In this way Von Esslin ‘inherited’ two fine hammerless twelves which he used once or twice for duck on the Camargue.
- (law, colloquial) A jury (normally composed of twelve persons).
- (slang) The police; law enforcement, especially a narcotics officer.
- (military slang, by ellipsis of twelve o'clock) Front (front side of something, position in front of something).
- watch your twelve
- For quotations using this term, see Citations:twelve.
- ^ Hall, Joseph Sargent (March 2, 1942), “3. The Consonants”, in The Phonetics of Great Smoky Mountain Speech (American Speech: Reprints and Monographs; 4), New York: King's Crown Press, →DOI, →ISBN, § 11, page 104.
|← 11||12||13 →|
From inflected froms of Old English twelf, from Proto-West Germanic *twalif, in turn from Proto-Germanic *twalif.
- Translingual terms derived from English
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- ICAO spelling alphabet
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- English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *leyp-
- English terms inherited from Middle English
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