jury

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See also: Jury

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒʊə.ɹi/, [ˈd͡ʒʊə.ɹ̠i], [d͡ʒɚi]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʊəɹi

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English jure, from Anglo-Norman juree, from Medieval Latin iūrāta, from Latin iūrō (I swear or take an oath).

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
The Jury an 1861 painting of a British jury

Noun[edit]

jury (plural juries)

  1. (law) A group of individuals chosen from the general population to hear and decide a case in a court of law.
    • "And so the jury and he approached, as if this were a time of peace instead of one of the greatest world disturbances ever known in history, the question whether the prosecution had proved to the jury’s satisfaction that George Joseph Smith was guilty of murder. The jury were the shield which stood between him and death, unless, to the jury’s satisfaction, he was proved to be guilty. Yet while they were the shield of the man accused, they were also the Sword of the State; and if the man were proved guilty, they were the servants of the State to punish him. Their respective functions were these: he the judge, had to settle the law, and the jury must take the law from him. The jury were judges of fact."
      1952: James Avery Joyce: Justice At Work: (this edition Pan 1957) Page 92. commenting on R v Smith [1915] 84 LJKB 2153 (1914-15 All ER 262 CCA)
  2. A group of judges in a competition.
  3. (theater, slang) The audience attending the first night of a performance, whose reaction may determine whether it succeeds or fails.
    • 1828, The New Monthly Magazine (page 418)
      The jury which decides on the first night usually seals the fate of the season.
    • 1971, George Jean Nathan, The Entertainment of a Nation: Or, Three-sheets in the Wind (page 130)
      The widespread idea that before a first-night the audience, dressed to the nose, dines en masse at the Colony and proceeds elegantly to the scene in Hispanos is as fabulous as that which imagines it assembles at Lindy's delicatessen in yesterday's shirt and moves on to the theatre in garbage wagons. And no less spurious is the theory that, in either case or in both together, the jury is possessed of a remarkably rich acumen in the matter of theatrical values.
Meronyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Portuguese: júri
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

jury (third-person singular simple present juries, present participle jurying, simple past and past participle juried)

  1. To judge by means of a jury.

Etymology 2[edit]

Early 1600s. Perhaps ultimately from Old French ajurie, from Latin adiūtō.

Adjective[edit]

jury (not comparable)

  1. (nautical) For temporary use; applied to a temporary contrivance.
    jury mast; jury rudder
Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English jury or French jury (itself from English), from Middle English jure, from Anglo-Norman juree, from Medieval Latin iūrāta. If the Dutch term wasn't directly borrowed from French, the pronunciation has been secondarily influenced by the French pronunciation.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ˈʒyː.ri/
  • Hyphenation: ju‧ry

Noun[edit]

jury f (plural jury's, diminutive jury'tje n)

  1. jury

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English jury.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jury m (plural jurys)

  1. jury

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

jury

  1. Alternative form of Jewery

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English jury.

Noun[edit]

jury m (plural jurys)

  1. (Jersey, law) jury

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English jury.

Noun[edit]

jury m (definite singular juryen, indefinite plural juryer, definite plural juryene)

  1. (law, in competitions also) a jury

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English jury.

Noun[edit]

jury m (definite singular juryen, indefinite plural juryar, definite plural juryane)

  1. (law, in competitions also) a jury

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From French jury, from English jury, from Middle English jure, from Anglo-Norman juree, from Medieval Latin iūrāta, from Latin iūrō (I swear or take an oath).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jury n (indeclinable)

  1. (theater) jury (group of judges in a competition)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • jury in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • jury in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English jury, from Anglo-Norman juree, from Medieval Latin iūrāta, from Latin iūrō (I swear, I take an oath).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jury c

  1. jury

Declension[edit]

Declension of jury 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative jury juryn juryer juryerna
Genitive jurys juryns juryers juryernas

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]