jury

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See also: Jury

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒʊə.ɹi/, [ˈd͡ʒʊə.ɹ̠i]
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒ(ʊ)ɚ.i/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʊəɹi

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English jure, from Anglo-Norman juree, from Medieval Latin iūrāta, from Latin iūrō (I swear or take an oath).

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
The Jury, painting of a jury in Aylesbury assizes dated 1861

Noun[edit]

jury (plural juries)

  1. (law) A group of individuals chosen from the general population to hear and decide a case in a court of law.
    • 1952, James Avery Joyce, Justice At Work, Pan 1957 edition, page 92:
      And so the jury and he approached, as if this were a time of peace instead of one of the greatest world disturbances ever known in history, the question whether the prosecution had proved to the jury’s satisfaction that George Joseph Smith was guilty of murder. The jury were the shield which stood between him and death, unless, to the jury’s satisfaction, he was proved to be guilty. Yet while they were the shield of the man accused, they were also the Sword of the State; and if the man were proved guilty, they were the servants of the State to punish him. Their respective functions were these: he the judge, had to settle the law, and the jury must take the law from him. The jury were judges of fact.
  2. A group of judges in a competition.
  3. (theater, slang) The audience attending the first night of a performance, whose reaction may determine whether it succeeds or fails.
    • 1828, The New Monthly Magazine, page 418:
      The jury which decides on the first night usually seals the fate of the season.
    • 1971, George Jean Nathan, The Entertainment of a Nation: Or, Three-sheets in the Wind, page 130:
      The widespread idea that before a first-night the audience, dressed to the nose, dines en masse at the Colony and proceeds elegantly to the scene in Hispanos is as fabulous as that which imagines it assembles at Lindy's delicatessen in yesterday's shirt and moves on to the theatre in garbage wagons. And no less spurious is the theory that, in either case or in both together, the jury is possessed of a remarkably rich acumen in the matter of theatrical values.
Meronyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Dutch: jury (or via French)
  • Finnish: jyry
  • French: jury (see there for further descendants)
  • Hungarian: zsűri
  • Macedonian: жири (žiri)
  • Norman: jury
  • Norwegian Bokmål: jury
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: jury
  • Portuguese: júri
  • Swedish: jury
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

jury (third-person singular simple present juries, present participle jurying, simple past and past participle juried)

  1. To judge by means of a jury.

Etymology 2[edit]

Early 1600s, of uncertain origin. Perhaps ultimately from Old French ajurie, from Latin adiūtō.

Alternatively, perhaps ultimately from Frankish *garu (ready, prepared), related to Middle English yore, ȝare, from Old English ġeoro, ġearu (ready, prompt, prepared, quick).

Adjective[edit]

jury (not comparable)

  1. (nautical) For temporary use; applied to a temporary contrivance.
    jury mast
    jury rudder
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English jury or French jury (itself from English), from Middle English jure, from Anglo-Norman juree, from Medieval Latin iūrāta. If the Dutch term wasn't directly borrowed from French, the pronunciation has been secondarily influenced by the French pronunciation.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ˈʒyː.ri/
  • Hyphenation: ju‧ry

Noun[edit]

jury f (plural jury's, diminutive jury'tje n)

  1. jury

Derived terms[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English jury

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈjury/, [ˈjury]
  • IPA(key): /ˈdʒu(ː)ri/, [ˈdʒu(ː)ri]
  • IPA(key): /ˈjyry/, [ˈjyry] (usually humorous)
  • Rhymes: -ury
  • Syllabification(key): ju‧ry

Noun[edit]

jury

  1. Synonym of tuomaristo (jury (of judges in a competition))
  2. Synonym of valamiehistö (jury (in a court))

Declension[edit]

Inflection of jury (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative jury juryt
genitive juryn juryjen
partitive juryä juryjä
illative juryyn juryihin
singular plural
nominative jury juryt
accusative nom. jury juryt
gen. juryn
genitive juryn juryjen
partitive juryä juryjä
inessive juryssä juryissä
elative jurystä juryistä
illative juryyn juryihin
adessive juryllä juryillä
ablative juryltä juryiltä
allative jurylle juryille
essive jurynä juryinä
translative juryksi juryiksi
abessive juryttä juryittä
instructive juryin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of jury (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative juryni juryni
accusative nom. juryni juryni
gen. juryni
genitive juryni juryjeni
partitive juryäni juryjäni
inessive juryssäni juryissäni
elative jurystäni juryistäni
illative juryyni juryihini
adessive jurylläni juryilläni
ablative juryltäni juryiltäni
allative jurylleni juryilleni
essive jurynäni juryinäni
translative jurykseni juryikseni
abessive juryttäni juryittäni
instructive
comitative juryineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative jurysi jurysi
accusative nom. jurysi jurysi
gen. jurysi
genitive jurysi juryjesi
partitive juryäsi juryjäsi
inessive juryssäsi juryissäsi
elative jurystäsi juryistäsi
illative juryysi juryihisi
adessive jurylläsi juryilläsi
ablative juryltäsi juryiltäsi
allative juryllesi juryillesi
essive jurynäsi juryinäsi
translative juryksesi juryiksesi
abessive juryttäsi juryittäsi
instructive
comitative juryinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative jurymme jurymme
accusative nom. jurymme jurymme
gen. jurymme
genitive jurymme juryjemme
partitive juryämme juryjämme
inessive juryssämme juryissämme
elative jurystämme juryistämme
illative juryymme juryihimme
adessive juryllämme juryillämme
ablative juryltämme juryiltämme
allative juryllemme juryillemme
essive jurynämme juryinämme
translative juryksemme juryiksemme
abessive juryttämme juryittämme
instructive
comitative juryinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative jurynne jurynne
accusative nom. jurynne jurynne
gen. jurynne
genitive jurynne juryjenne
partitive juryänne juryjänne
inessive juryssänne juryissänne
elative jurystänne juryistänne
illative juryynne juryihinne
adessive juryllänne juryillänne
ablative juryltänne juryiltänne
allative juryllenne juryillenne
essive jurynänne juryinänne
translative juryksenne juryiksenne
abessive juryttänne juryittänne
instructive
comitative juryinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative jurynsä jurynsä
accusative nom. jurynsä jurynsä
gen. jurynsä
genitive jurynsä juryjensä
partitive juryään
juryänsä
juryjään
juryjänsä
inessive juryssään
juryssänsä
juryissään
juryissänsä
elative jurystään
jurystänsä
juryistään
juryistänsä
illative juryynsä juryihinsä
adessive juryllään
juryllänsä
juryillään
juryillänsä
ablative juryltään
juryltänsä
juryiltään
juryiltänsä
allative jurylleen
juryllensä
juryilleen
juryillensä
essive jurynään
jurynänsä
juryinään
juryinänsä
translative jurykseen
juryksensä
juryikseen
juryiksensä
abessive juryttään
juryttänsä
juryittään
juryittänsä
instructive
comitative juryineen
juryinensä
Inflection of jury (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative jury juryt
genitive juryn juryjen
partitive jurya juryja
illative juryyn juryihin
singular plural
nominative jury juryt
accusative nom. jury juryt
gen. juryn
genitive juryn juryjen
partitive jurya juryja
inessive juryssa juryissa
elative jurysta juryista
illative juryyn juryihin
adessive jurylla juryilla
ablative jurylta juryilta
allative jurylle juryille
essive juryna juryina
translative juryksi juryiksi
abessive jurytta juryitta
instructive juryin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of jury (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative juryni juryni
accusative nom. juryni juryni
gen. juryni
genitive juryni juryjeni
partitive juryani juryjani
inessive juryssani juryissani
elative jurystani juryistani
illative juryyni juryihini
adessive juryllani juryillani
ablative juryltani juryiltani
allative jurylleni juryilleni
essive jurynani juryinani
translative jurykseni juryikseni
abessive juryttani juryittani
instructive
comitative juryineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative jurysi jurysi
accusative nom. jurysi jurysi
gen. jurysi
genitive jurysi juryjesi
partitive juryasi juryjasi
inessive juryssasi juryissasi
elative jurystasi juryistasi
illative juryysi juryihisi
adessive juryllasi juryillasi
ablative juryltasi juryiltasi
allative juryllesi juryillesi
essive jurynasi juryinasi
translative juryksesi juryiksesi
abessive juryttasi juryittasi
instructive
comitative juryinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative jurymme jurymme
accusative nom. jurymme jurymme
gen. jurymme
genitive jurymme juryjemme
partitive juryamme juryjamme
inessive juryssamme juryissamme
elative jurystamme juryistamme
illative juryymme juryihimme
adessive juryllamme juryillamme
ablative juryltamme juryiltamme
allative juryllemme juryillemme
essive jurynamme juryinamme
translative juryksemme juryiksemme
abessive juryttamme juryittamme
instructive
comitative juryinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative jurynne jurynne
accusative nom. jurynne jurynne
gen. jurynne
genitive jurynne juryjenne
partitive juryanne juryjanne
inessive juryssanne juryissanne
elative jurystanne juryistanne
illative juryynne juryihinne
adessive juryllanne juryillanne
ablative juryltanne juryiltanne
allative juryllenne juryillenne
essive jurynanne juryinanne
translative juryksenne juryiksenne
abessive juryttanne juryittanne
instructive
comitative juryinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative jurynsa jurynsa
accusative nom. jurynsa jurynsa
gen. jurynsa
genitive jurynsa juryjensa
partitive juryaan
juryansa
juryjaan
juryjansa
inessive juryssaan
juryssansa
juryissaan
juryissansa
elative jurystaan
jurystansa
juryistaan
juryistansa
illative juryynsa juryihinsa
adessive juryllaan
juryllansa
juryillaan
juryillansa
ablative juryltaan
juryltansa
juryiltaan
juryiltansa
allative jurylleen
juryllensa
juryilleen
juryillensa
essive jurynaan
jurynansa
juryinaan
juryinansa
translative jurykseen
juryksensa
juryikseen
juryiksensa
abessive juryttaan
juryttansa
juryittaan
juryittansa
instructive
comitative juryineen
juryinensa

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Orthographic borrowing from English jury.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jury m (plural jurys)

  1. jury

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

jury

  1. Alternative form of Jewery

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English jury.

Noun[edit]

jury m (plural jurys)

  1. (Jersey, law) jury

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English jury.

Noun[edit]

jury m (definite singular juryen, indefinite plural juryer, definite plural juryene)

  1. (law, in competitions also) a jury

References[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English jury.

Noun[edit]

jury m (definite singular juryen, indefinite plural juryar, definite plural juryane)

  1. (law, in competitions also) a jury

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology 1[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from French jury, from English jury, from Middle English jure, from Anglo-Norman juree, from Medieval Latin iūrāta, from Latin iūrō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jury n (indeclinable)

  1. (theater) jury (group of judges in a competition)
Related terms[edit]
adjective
nouns

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jury f

  1. genitive singular of jura

Further reading[edit]

  • jury in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • jury in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English jury, from Anglo-Norman juree, from Medieval Latin iūrāta, from Latin iūrō (I swear, I take an oath).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jury c

  1. jury

Declension[edit]

Declension of jury 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative jury juryn juryer juryerna
Genitive jurys juryns juryers juryernas

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]