judge

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See also: Judge

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: jŭj, IPA(key): /d͡ʒʌd͡ʒ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌdʒ

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English juge, jugge, borrowed from Old French juge, from Latin iūdex. Displaced native Old English dēma.

Noun[edit]

judge (plural judges)

  1. A public official whose duty it is to administer the law, especially by presiding over trials and rendering judgments; a justice.
    • 1612, Francis Bacon, Of Judicature
      The parts of a judge in hearing are four: to direct the evidence; to moderate length, repetition, or impertinency of speech; to recapitulate, select, and collate the material points of that which hath been said; and to give the rule or sentence.
  2. A person who decides the fate of someone or something that has been called into question.
  3. A person officiating at a sports event, a contest, or similar.
    At a boxing match, the decision of the judges is final.
  4. A person who evaluates something or forms an opinion.
    She is a good judge of wine.
    They say he is a poor judge of character considering all the unreliable friends he has made.
  5. (historical, biblical) A shophet, a temporary leader appointed in times of crisis in ancient Israel.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Assamese: জজ (zoz)
  • Bengali: জজ (jôj)
  • → Hindustani:
    Hindi: जज (jaj)
    Urdu: جج(jaj)
  • Oriya: ଜଜ୍ (jôj)
  • Tamil: ஜட்ஜி (jaṭji)
  • Telugu: జడ్జ (jaḍja)
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English jugen, borrowed from Anglo-Norman juger, from Old French jugier, from Latin iūdicāre.

Mostly displaced native deem.

Verb[edit]

judge (third-person singular simple present judges, present participle judging, simple past and past participle judged)

  1. (transitive) To sit in judgment on; to pass sentence on (a person or matter).
    A higher power will judge you after you are dead.
  2. (intransitive) To sit in judgment, to act as judge.
    Justices in this country judge without appeal.
  3. (transitive) To judicially rule or determine.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To sentence to punishment, to judicially condemn.
    He was judged to die for his crimes.
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To award judicially; to adjudge.
  6. (transitive) To form an opinion on; to appraise.
    I judge a man’s character by the cut of his suit.
  7. (transitive, obsolete) To constitute a fitting appraisal or criterion of; to provide a basis for forming an opinion on.
  8. (intransitive) To arbitrate; to pass opinion on something, especially to settle a dispute etc.
    We cannot both be right: you must judge between us.
  9. (transitive) To have as an opinion; to consider, suppose.
    I judge it safe to leave the house once again.
  10. (transitive, intransitive) To form an opinion; to infer.
    I judge from the sky that it might rain later.
  11. (transitive, intransitive) To criticize or label another person or thing.
    • 1993, Aerosmith, Livin' on the Edge
      There's something wrong with the world today; the light bulb's getting dim.
      There's meltdown in the sky.
      If you can judge a wise man by the color of his skin,
      Mister, you're a better man than I
  12. (transitive, intransitive) To govern as biblical judge or shophet (over some jurisdiction).
Conjugation[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]