From Late Latin justitiaria, justiciaria (“judgeship, judiciarship; court sessions”), justitiarius, and justiciarius (“justiciar, judge, justice [of the peace]; judiciary, related to justice”), all from Latin iūstitia (“justice”) + -āria (“-ary”). Paralleled in Middle English and Early Modern English by forms from Norman justiserie (“judgeship, judiciarship”), from Norman and Middle French justicerie (“judgeship; tribunal”), from justice + -ery. As a translation of various Continental European offices, via Middle French justicier, Spanish justiciero, etc.
justiciary (plural justiciaries)
- (Scotland, countable, chiefly historical) A judgeship: a judge's jurisdiction, power, or office.
- (Originally Scotland, uncountable) The judiciary: a collective term for the court system or the body of judges, justices, &c.
- (historical) One who administers justice, particularly:
- (historical) A judge or justice.
- (historical) A magistrate.
- (historical) A Chief Justiciar: the highest political and judicial officer of the Kingdom of England in the 12th and 13th centuries.
- (historical) A justiciar: a high-ranking judicial officer of medieval England or Scotland.
- (historical) Various equivalent medieval offices elsewhere in Europe.
- (Christian, theology) A believer in the doctrine (or heresy) that adherence to religious law is redeems mankind before God.
- (The jurisdiction, power, or office of a judge): See judgeship
- (The collective body of judges): See judiciary
- (One who administers justice): justicer, justiciar
- (A judge): See judge
- (The chief judicial officer of medieval England): See judiciar
- (Proponent of a theological doctrine): See legalist
- Capital Justiciary
- Chief Justiciary
- Circuit Court of Justiciary
- Commissioner of Justiciary, Lord Commissioner of Justiciary
- Court of Justiciary, High Court of Justiciary
- High Court of Justiciary
- Lord of Justiciary
- (Christian, theology, obsolete) Of or relating to justification or redemption before God.
- (Christian, theology, obsolete) Of or relating to the doctrine (or heresy) that adherence to religious law redeems mankind before God.
- Judicial: of or relating to the administration of justice, judges, or judgeships.
- Of or relating to the High Court of Justiciary.
- Of or relating to a circuit court held by one of the judges of the High Court of Justiciary.
- Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd ed. "judiciary, n.1", "judiciary, n.2", "judiciary, adj.1", & "judiciary, adj.2". Oxford University Press (Oxford), 2013.