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justicier m (plural justiciers, feminine justicière)

  1. A justicer: an upholder of the law generally.
  2. A justice: a judge.
  3. A justiciar or justiciary: a high-ranking medieval judge.

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


justice +‎ -ier, or from an unattested Latin *iustitiō.



  1. to judge; to apply justice; to serve justice
    • 12th Century, Unknown, Raoul de Cambrai:
      Ains q'il soit vespres t'arai ci justicié
      I will service justice on you before it's evening


This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -ier, with a palatal stem. These verbs are conjugated mostly like verbs in -er, but there is an extra i before the e of some endings. The forms that would normally end in *-c, *-cs, *-ct are modified to z, z, zt. In addition, c becomes ç before an a, o or u to keep the /ts/ sound intact. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Further reading[edit]