-ier

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See also: ier, Ier, and ièr

English[edit]

Examples

happyhappier

Suffix[edit]

-ier

  1. variant of -er for adjectives ending in y

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French -ier.

Suffix[edit]

-ier m

  1. appended to a word, it yields a noun which signifies the subject who performs something related to that word

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French -ier, -er, from Old French -ier, -er, from Latin -ārium, the accusative of -ārius. Compare the borrowed doublet -aire.

Suffix[edit]

-ier m

  1. used to form the names of trees bearing a particular type of fruit
    bananier (banana tree)
    poirier (pear tree)
  2. used to form the names of ships
    chalutier (trawler)
    pétrolier (oil tanker)
  3. used to form the names of jobs
    chocolatier (chocolatier)

Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ier

  1. see -ieren

Middle French[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ier

  1. Alternative form of -er (suffix forming or denoting a verb)
  2. Alternative form of -er (suffix forming or denoting an agent noun, often a profession)

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -er (both etymologies, present in all varieties but more common in Anglo-Norman than in France)
  • -ar (verbal suffix, 9th and 10th centuries. Only a couple of words are attested with this suffix, salvar, intrar and devastar)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin -āre.

Suffix[edit]

-ier

  1. suffix used to form infinitives of first conjugation verbs
    forgier
    to forge
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin -ārius, -ārium.

Suffix[edit]

-ier

  1. indicates a profession
    bouchierbutcher
  2. indicates location, where one lives
    forestierforester
Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ier

  1. -an; making a noun, describing a person by nationality, e.g. Indienindier, Iran, iranier

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]