ire

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Ire, IrE, IRE, iré, íre, ìre, Irē, -ire, and -iré

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /aɪɹ/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /aɪ.ə(ɹ)/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪə(r)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English ire, yre, shortened form of iren (iron). More at iron.

Noun[edit]

ire

  1. (obsolete) Iron.
    • (Can we date this quote by Chaucer and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      the cruel ire, red as any gleed

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English ire, from Old French ire (ire), from Latin īra (wrath, rage), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eysh₂- (to fall upon, act sharply) (compare Old English ofost (haste, zeal), Old Norse eisa (to race forward), Ancient Greek ἱερός (hierós, supernatural, holy), οἶστρος (oîstros, frenzy; gadfly), Avestan 𐬀𐬈𐬯𐬨𐬀(aesma, anger), Sanskrit एषति (eṣati, to drive on)).

Noun[edit]

ire (uncountable)

  1. (literary, poetic) Great anger; wrath; keen resentment.
    • (Can we date this quote by Geoffrey Chaucer and provide title, author's full name, and other details?), The Knight's Tale.
      That lord is now of Thebes the Citee,
      Fulfild of ire and of iniquitee,
      He, for despit and for his tirannye,
      To do the dede bodyes vileynye,
      Of alle oure lordes, whiche that been slawe,
      Hath alle the bodyes on an heep ydrawe,
      And wol nat suffren hem, by noon assent,
      Neither to been yburyed nor ybrent.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Sidney and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      She lik'd not his desire; Fain would be free, but dreaded parents' ire.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Gower and provide title, author's full name, and other details?), Confessio Amantis
      "My good father, tell me this;
      "What thing is ire?
      Sonne, it is That in our English wrath is hote."
    • c. 1591–1592, William Shakespeare, “The Third Part of Henry the Sixt, []”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene iii]:
      If I digg'd up thy forefathers graves, And hung their rotten coffins up in chains, It could not slake mine ire, nor ease my heart.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 9”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker [] [a]nd by Robert Boulter [] [a]nd Matthias Walker, [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
      Or Neptune's ire, or Juno's, that so long Perplex'd the Greek and Cytherea's son.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 10”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker [] [a]nd by Robert Boulter [] [a]nd Matthias Walker, [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
      The sentence, from thy head remov'd, may light On me, sole cause to thee of all this woe; Me! me! only just object of his ire.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      For this th' avenging pow'r employs his darts, And empties all his quiver in our hearts; Thus will persist, relentless in his ire, 'Till the fair slave be render'd to her sire
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

ire (third-person singular simple present ires, present participle iring, simple past and past participle ired)

  1. (transitive) To anger; to fret; to irritate.
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dongxiang[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Mongolic *ire-, compare Mongolian ирэх (ireh), Daur irgw.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ire

  1. to come

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin īra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ire f (plural ires)

  1. (archaic, literary or poetic) ire, anger
    Synonym: colère

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

ire f

  1. plural of ira

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin īre, present active infinitive of .

Verb[edit]

ire

  1. (obsolete, regional, literary) to go

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

īre

  1. present active infinitive of

References[edit]

  • ire in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Determiner[edit]

ire

  1. Alternative form of hire

Pronoun[edit]

ire

  1. Alternative form of hire

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ire

  1. Alternative form of hire

References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old English ēare.

Noun[edit]

ire

  1. Alternative form of ere (ear)

Etymology 4[edit]

Determiner[edit]

ire

  1. Alternative form of here (their)
References[edit]

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old French ire < Latin īra.

Noun[edit]

ire f (plural ires)

  1. ire; rage; fury

Descendants[edit]

  • French: ire

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

ire m (definite singular iren, indefinite plural irer, definite plural irene)

  1. person from Ireland, Irishman.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

ire m (definite singular iren, indefinite plural irar, definite plural irane)

  1. person from Ireland, Irishman.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin īra.

Noun[edit]

ire f (oblique plural ires, nominative singular ire, nominative plural ires)

  1. ire, anger, rage

Descendants[edit]

  • English: ire
  • French: ire (now rare)

References[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hiz.

Pronoun[edit]

ire

  1. Alternative form of ira

Declension[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

ire

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of irar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of irar
  3. third-person singular imperative of irar