viha

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *viha.

Noun[edit]

viha (genitive viha, partitive viha)

  1. anger, rage
  2. hatred

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *viha, from earlier *wiša, from an Indo-Iranian language (cf. Proto-Indo-Iranian *dwiša). Cognates within Uralic include Estonian viha, Northern Sami vašši, Erzya ожо (ožo, yellow) and Udmurt вож (vož).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋihɑ/, [ˈʋiɦɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ihɑ
  • Syllabification(key): vi‧ha

Noun[edit]

viha

  1. anger, fury, rage, wrath, ire
  2. hate, hatred, hostility, ire
  3. (obsolete) war, period of military hostilities or occupation (present in a small number of non-obsolete historical terms, e.g. isoviha, vanha viha, pikkuviha)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of viha (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative viha vihat
genitive vihan vihojen
partitive vihaa vihoja
illative vihaan vihoihin
singular plural
nominative viha vihat
accusative nom. viha vihat
gen. vihan
genitive vihan vihojen
vihainrare
partitive vihaa vihoja
inessive vihassa vihoissa
elative vihasta vihoista
illative vihaan vihoihin
adessive vihalla vihoilla
ablative vihalta vihoilta
allative vihalle vihoille
essive vihana vihoina
translative vihaksi vihoiksi
instructive vihoin
abessive vihatta vihoitta
comitative vihoineen
Possessive forms of viha (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person vihani vihamme
2nd person vihasi vihanne
3rd person vihansa

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • Häkkinen, Kaisa (2004) Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja [Modern Finnish Etymological Dictionary] (in Finnish), Juva: WSOY, →ISBN

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *viha. Cognates include Finnish viha and Estonian viha.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

viha

  1. anger, rage

Declension[edit]

Declension of viha (type 3/kana, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative viha vihat
genitive vihan vihhoin
partitive vihhaa vihoja
illative vihhaa vihhoi
inessive vihas vihois
elative vihast vihoist
allative vihalle vihoille
adessive vihal vihoil
ablative vihalt vihoilt
translative vihaks vihoiks
essive vihanna, vihhaan vihoinna, vihhoin
exessive1) vihant vihoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 664

Karelian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *viha.

Noun[edit]

viha

  1. rage

Ludian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *viha.

Noun[edit]

viha

  1. rage

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *viha.

Noun[edit]

viha

  1. hatred

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of viha
nominative sing. viha
genitive sing. vihan
partitive sing. vihad
partitive plur. vihoid
singular plural
nominative viha vihad
accusative vihan vihad
genitive vihan vihoiden
partitive vihad vihoid
essive-instructive vihan vihoin
translative vihaks vihoikš
inessive vihas vihoiš
elative vihaspäi vihoišpäi
illative ? vihoiže
adessive vihal vihoil
ablative vihalpäi vihoilpäi
allative vihale vihoile
abessive vihata vihoita
comitative vihanke vihoidenke
prolative vihadme vihoidme
approximative I vihanno vihoidenno
approximative II vihannoks vihoidennoks
egressive vihannopäi vihoidennopäi
terminative I ? vihoižesai
terminative II vihalesai vihoilesai
terminative III vihassai
additive I ? vihoižepäi
additive II vihalepäi vihoilepäi

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “ненависть”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Võro[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *viha.

Noun[edit]

viha (genitive viha, partitive vihha)

  1. anger, rage
  2. hatred

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *viha.

Noun[edit]

viha (genitive vihaa, partitive [please provide])

  1. anger, rage
  2. hatred

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

References[edit]

  • V. Hallap, E. Adler, S. Grünberg, M. Leppik (2012) Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language]‎[1], 2 edition, Tallinn